Gelgaudiškis

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Gelgaudiškis
City
Skyline of Gelgaudiškis
Flag of Gelgaudiškis
Flag
Coat of arms of Gelgaudiškis
Coat of arms
Gelgaudiškis is located in Lithuania
Gelgaudiškis
Gelgaudiškis
Location of Gelgaudiškis
Coordinates: 55°5′0″N 22°59′0″E / 55.08333°N 22.98333°E / 55.08333; 22.98333Coordinates: 55°5′0″N 22°59′0″E / 55.08333°N 22.98333°E / 55.08333; 22.98333
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Sudovia
County Marijampolė County
Municipality Šakiai district municipality
Eldership Gelgaudiškis eldership
Capital of Gelgaudiškis eldership
First mentioned 15th century
Granted city rights 1958
Area
 • Total 3.37 km2 (1.30 sq mi)
Elevation 51 m (167 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,879
 • Density 560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code LT-71085
Area code(s) (+370) 345
Website gelgaudiskis.lt

Gelgaudiškis (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city in the Šakiai district municipality, Lithuania. It is located 15 km (9.3 mi) north of Šakiai. The city is just south of Neman River.

Name[edit]

Gelgaudiškis is the Lithuanian name of the city. Versions of the name in other languages include Polish: Giełgudyszki, Russian: Гельгудишки Gel'gudishki, Belarusian: Гельгудiшкi Gel'hudishki, Yiddish: גלגודישק Gelgudishk.

History[edit]

Before the end of the 14th century the area of Gelgaudiškis settlement and manor, positioned on the upper bank of Neman, belonged to the Grand Dukes of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1504, King and Grand Duke Aleksander Jagiellon gave it away as a gift to his royal secretary Sapieżyc, progenitor to the szlachta family of Sapieha. Afterwards, the grange belonged to families of Massalski, Dembiński, Oziembłowski, Giełgud, Czartoryski, the Prussian barons von Keudell, and finally Komar family (till the beginning of World War I). In the interwar period, the establishment was nationalized and housed an orphanage and later a school.

The classicist palace was built in the first half of the 19th century by the family of von Keudell. After the fire of 1979 the palace was rebuilt and since remains unoccupied. It is surrounded by a garden and forested park with an area of 112 ha leading to Neman River.

The city and nearby castle is mentioned in John Gielgud: The Authorized Biography, (by Sheridan Morley), as being the actor's ancestral home and from where his family name originated.

External links[edit]