Gellerup is a district of Brabrand and a western suburb to the city of Aarhus, Denmark. The district is characterized by several natural attractions, detached house sectors, highrise apartments and an industrial park.
The name Gellerup is also commonly used to refer to the large housing project called the Gellerup Plan (Danish: Gellerup Planen) located within the suburb and including the housing plans of Toveshøj and Gellerup park (Danish: Gellerupparken). The project houses people from many places in the world.
The Gellerup Plan
To address housing problems that suddenly emerged in the late 1960s, Brabrand Housing Cooperative initiated and financed the Gellerup Plan. It was designed by architects Knud Blach Petersen and Mogens Harbo, who were influenced by the functionalistic ideas of Le Corbusier. The Gellerup Plan was constructed between 1968 and 1972, and contains a total of 2448 apartments in two neighbouring sectors, Gellerupparken and Toveshøj, with 1824 and 624 apartments respectively.
Even though the buildings are characterized by high rise concrete apartments, constructed from the usual large prefabricated concrete slabs, the project has a unique architectural value. The Gellerup Plan is the largest housing project in Denmark, with approximately 8000 residents, but was originally planned to house more than twice as many people in 6000 apartments.
The whole area and its facilities, was built as an architectural and functional unit owned and administered democratically by the residents through Brabrand Housing Cooperative, based on a socialist idea. It works as a self-supporting satellite city, including a mall that originally offered a post office, bank, dentist, doctors, general and grocery stores, supermarkets, restaurants, cafés, hairdressing saloons and a cinema among other stores and facilities. The individual apartments of the Gellerup Plan were large, with open space between the blocks. They came equipped with bathrooms (some have two) and central heating (hot water circulation), where the energy is generated from a local waste incineration plant, collecting the daily waste through a special tube system, reaching every apartment. Very luxurious for the vast majority of Aarhus citizens in the early 60's. 
The mall called the Gellerup Center was designed by the architectural firm of Tougård and the engineering company Nieport & Co, and was finished in 1972. A two story building, with 45,000 m2 of floor space, it was at the time the largest mall in Denmark, and was owned in part by the Brabrand Housing Cooperative. It is now the third largest. The mall made great profits, but some of it was invested unwisely, and other communally owned elements of the housing projects (such as the swimming pool) were less successful. Eventually the cooperative sold their shares, and the Gellerup Center went bankrupt in 1976. The insurance company Baltica bought the Gellerup Center for kr 125.7 million, and redeveloped the building in 1980. The mall's name was changed to City Vest. Today City Vest is owned by Danica Pension.
Bazar Vest is a bazaar in the northern part of The Gellerup Plan, owned and developed by Danish building company Olav de Linde. It houses around 110 stands and shops, rented mostly by immigrants. Bazar Vest claims in its website to have around 30,000 visitors each week (with 10,000 at weekends).
The Mosque project
For many years Muslim (and other) organizations have worked towards building a mosque in Gellerup. The project is still in the planning and fundraising phase, and has caused debate in Aarhus and Denmark.
The concrete buildings of the Gellerup Plan have experienced widespread and costly damage, beginning shortly after they were built. As early as 1991, demolition was proposed, to save expense, but renovation was initiated instead. The Gellerup Plan is the poorest neighborhood in Denmark. The Gellerup Plan has the highest density of new-Danes in the country (88% of the residents). The Gellerup Plan has, through the last couple of decades, experienced a lot of social, cultural, political, religious and ethnic tension in daily life, and it is now officially labelled a ghetto and an 'especially vulnerable residential area'. 
The Gellerup Plan (and the neighbourhood of Gellerup) has been known for its high crime rate and social problems and therefore a special police unit has been dedicated to the area, as well as several social projects.
In mid February 2008 there was a spate of arson, with around twenty incidents of arson per day spread over the western suburbs. These included the throwing of firecrackers onto traffic from an elevated walkway, and the setting alight of dumpsters and cars. In October 2008 a local kindergarten school was burned down by children, destroying an estimated 7 million kr. of property. Two families of the boys committing the crime were evicted from the Gellerup area in 2010 after two court cases.
More recent examples:
Assault and burglaries at the local dormitory Hejredal in 2011.
There was a shooting incident at Bazar Vest in January 2013.
Gellerup swimming hall closed for 2 weeks in April 2013, due to vandalism, harassment and attacks on employees.
The Master Plan
As the current area gained the status of being an 'especially vulnerable residential area', the Master Plan was launched. The Master Plan (Danish: Helhedsplanen) is a project aiming at improving the quality of life and overall image of the area. Budgeted at kr 452+ million ($75-80 million), the project is intended to change Gellerup and Toveshøj from a disadvantaged residential area to an attractive urban district by implementing physical changes in collaboration with the residents.
Gellerup is surrounded by easily accessible natural attractions. Hasle Hills and Skjoldhøjkilen lies right next to the Gellerup Plan, east and north of Toveshøj. In the south lies the Brabrand Lake, the biggest lake in Aarhus municipality.
Placed just west of the ring road Ring 2 and with expressway Silkeborgvej cutting through, Gellerup is strategically placed for transport and easy to access.
Gellerup is connected to the surrounding neighborhoods by several bus routes.
- "Brabrand housing cooperative on Gellerupparken".
- "Brabrand housing cooperative on Toveshøj".
- Sommer, Anne-Louise; "Den Danske Arkitektur". Gyldendal A/S, 2010, p. 442. ISBN 978-87-02-05401-9
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- Bazar Vest
- Mosque Denmark Project (English) available
- "Ulu Cami Project". Turkish Culture Club.
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- "Massive mobilisation against anti-muslims". Modkraft. may 2013.
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- "List of 'especially vulnerable residential areas' (or 'ghettos')". Danish Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Affairs (MBBL). 2012.
- A Final Call The Housingcompanies National Association (BL) (january 2007)
- "Gellerup Alert Unit". Center for Boligsocial Udvikling (CFBU). 2011.
- Gellerups Youth Crusade (English)
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- N/A (source: Ritzau). "Trouble closes Shell-station in Gellerup". Politiken. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "Brande over hele Århus". Jyllands-Posten. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "Two families thrown out of Gellerup". TV2. april 2012.
- "Problems at Hejredal". UNIvers (Aarhus University). december april 2011 (English).
- "The Socialist Peoplesparty (SF) wants a special police alert-squad placed next to Bazar Vest, after shootings". TV2. january 2013.
- "Vandalism, harassment and attacks on employees at local swimminghall". TV2. april 2013.
- Helhedsplan for Gellerup og Toveshøj Aarhus Municipallity (English) available
- "Protests against "The Master Plan"". Jyllands Posten. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Citizens protests against demolitions". EnhedsListen (Aarhus). Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- Stereotypes - Gellerup through different eyes Emily Dickinson (journalist) (English)
- Kjeldgaard, Søren; Gellerup: a new generation. Photography book (2010)