Gem County, Idaho
|Gem County, Idaho|
Gem County Courthouse
Location in the state of Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 15, 1915|
|Named for||The state nickname,
|• Total||566 sq mi (1,466 km2)|
|• Land||563 sq mi (1,458 km2)|
|• Water||3 sq mi (8 km2), 0.56%|
|• Density||29.8/sq mi (11.5/km²)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
Gem County is home to the Idaho ground squirrel.
Named for the state nickname, "Gem State," the county was established on March 15, 1915, partitioned from Canyon County and Boise County. Fur trappers were in the area as early as 1818, and Alexander Ross explored Squaw Creek in 1824. Prospectors and miners moved through the county in 1862 in route to the gold rush in the Boise Basin around Idaho City, and by the next year irrigation began along the Payette River. The Black Canyon diversion dam on the river was built in the early 1920s, east of Emmett.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 565.75 square miles (1,465.3 km2), of which 562.58 square miles (1,457.1 km2) (or 99.44%) is land and 3.17 square miles (8.2 km2) (or 0.56%) is water.
- Adams County - (north)
- Valley County - (northeast)
- Boise County - (east)
- Ada County - (south)
- Canyon County - (southwest)
- Payette County - (west)
- Washington County - (northwest)
National protected area
- Boise National Forest (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,181 people, 5,539 households, and 4,176 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 5,888 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.79% White, 0.73% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.16% from other races, and 1.83% from two or more races. 6.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.9% were of American, 17.5% German, 13.1% English and 7.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 5,539 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.40% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 20.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the county the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,460, and the median income for a family was $40,195. Males had a median income of $31,036 versus $20,755 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,340. About 11.60% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- Gem County QuickFacts, United States Census Bureau, 2010. Accessed 2011-12-10
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Idaho.gov - Gem County - accessed 2011-12-10
- USBR - Black Canyon div. dam
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Washington County||Adams County||Valley County|
|Payette County||Boise County|
|Canyon County||Ada County|