Gemmail (French, plural gemmaux) describes a type of stained glass art developed during the 1930s by French painter Jean Crotti. It differs from traditional stained glass techniques in that the individual pieces of colored glass are not joined by lead came, but overlapped and glued together with a clear substance. Pablo Picasso is said to have hailed gemmail as a new art form. Inside the Basilica of St. Pius X of Lourdes the Bernadette Soubirous's Way of Light based on sketches by René Margotton depicts the eighteen apparitions and scenes from Bernadette Soubirous's life.
- "Art: A New Art",Time, 1957.
- Encyclopædia Britannica
- Larousse dictionary/encyclopedia (in French)
- Grand dictionnaire terminologique, Québec government's online dictionary (in French)
- Reverso online dictionary (in French)
- Mediadico online dictionary (in French)
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