Gençlerbirliği S.K.

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Gençlerbirliği
Genclerbirligi.png
Full name Gençlerbirliği Spor Kulübü
(Young-One-League Sports Club)
Nickname(s) Ankara Rüzgârı
(The Wind of Ankara)
Founded 14 March 1923; 91 years ago (1923-03-14)
Ground 19 Mayıs Stadyumu, Ankara
Ground Capacity 19,209
President İlhan Cavcav
Manager İrfan Buz
League Süper Lig
2013–14 Süper Lig, 9th
Website Club home page

Gençlerbirliği Spor Kulübü (pronounced [ɟent͡ʃˈleɾbiɾliː]) is a professional Turkish football club located in the city of Ankara, which is the capital of Turkey. Formed in 1923, Gençlerbirliği are nicknamed Ankara Rüzgârı (The Wind of Ankara). The club colours are black and red. They play their home matches at Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium.Domestically, the club has won the Türkiye Kupası twice, in 1987 and 2001. The club also won the now-defunct Turkish Football Championship (twice) and Ankara Football League (ten times). Their greatest success continentally came in 2004. The club reached the fourth round of the UEFA Cup before losing to eventual champions Valencia CF.

History[edit]

Gençlerbirliği was founded in a slightly different way to many other football clubs, having been established by students from the high school, Ankara Erkek Lisesi (Sultani Mektebi). The students in question (Ramiz Eren, Mennan İz, Mazhar Atacanlı, Sait, Kenan, Nuri, Namık Katoğlu, Namık Ambarcıoğlu, Rıdvan Kırmacı, Hafi Araç, Ruhi, Sarı Ziya and Hakkı) had failed to be selected for their own school team, and asked one of their student friends, Asim, to talk with his father about setting up a football team for them to show how well they could play.

On 14 March 1923, Asim's father, the member of parliament from Muş Province established the team for his son and his friends. Since all the members of the teams were students he chose the name 'Youth Union'. They elected Sarı Ziya's father Faik Bey as their first chairman.[1]

Subsequently these young students wanted to play against the school team which had not selected them. Gençlerbirliği won the game, played at “Hamit tarlası”, 3–0. According to these young rebel players this victory forged the identity of their new team.

They won Ankara Football League 10 times between 1923-1959. They entered the Turkish National League in 1959 and played 12 seasons until relegation in 1969-70 season. They played in the second level until relegation to third level in 1978-79 season. They came back to second level after merging third level with second level after finishing 1979-80 season. They finished second from last in A Group of Second League, Sakaryaspor won championship, and had to relegation to regional league. But, because of increasing teams of the second level, Gençlerbirliği was readmitted. Gençlerbirliği won D Group of it in 1982-83 season and returned to the top-flight after 13 years. They relegated again in 1987-88 season. Finally, Gençlerbirliği returned to the top-flight in 1988-89 season, in first return attempt. Gençlerbirliği's the most successful seasons were 1965-66 and 2002-2003. They had 3rd in these seasons.

Colors[edit]

There are two rumors about how Gençlerbirliği got its team colors, black and red:

  • The young students went to a local haberdashers and the only available colors were black and red. They purchased these colors to sew their own kit. [2]
  • The outskirts of Ankara during spring time sees plenty of Poppy flowers (Gelincik) blooming and Gençlerbirliği selected the red and black of this flower for its colors. Gençlerbirliği merchandise in its store is usually called Gelincik by its supporters.

Rivalry[edit]

Gençlerbirliği's arch-rival is the neighbouring club Ankaragücü and games between the clubs are considered as the "Derby of the Capital".

Youth academy and scouting[edit]

Gençlerbirliği has always been one of the teams in Turkey most notable for its talented young footballers that it procures through scouting both in Turkey and throughout Europe and Africa. For example Geremi was scouted and raised by the club, transferred to Real Madrid and later Chelsea. Another of Gençlerbirliği's young stars Promise Isaac received the 2005–2006 Turkcell Super League Individual Youth player of the year award.[1]

Gençlerbirliği's state-of-the-art youth academy is in Beştepe, Ankara with 50 acres (200,000 m2) of training facilities (Beştepe İlhan Cavcav Tesisleri).

Gençlerbirligi has been run by the current president İlhan Cavcav since 1977. With Cavcav's help, Gençlerbirliği have become one of the more stable clubs in Turkey. This has been achieved mainly through the departure of the most talented players every season to the other clubs in Turkey. Departing players are usually replaced with much cheaper imports from Turkey, Europe or Africa.

Honours[edit]

  • Turkish Football Championship:
    • Winners (2): 1941, 1946
    • Runners-up (1): 1951
  • Turkish Cup:
    • Winners (2): 1987, 2001
    • Runners-up (3): 2003, 2004, 2008
  • Ankara Football League:
    • Winners (10): 1929–30, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1945–46, 1949–50, 1950–51
    • Runners-up (7): 1925–26, 1926–27, 1928–1929, 1933–34, 1936–37, 1942–43, 1947–48

European participations[edit]

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup:

Season Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1987–88 1R Soviet Union Dinamo Minsk 1-2 0-2 1-4

UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League:

Season Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
2001–02 1R Sweden Halmstad 1-1 0–1 1-2
2003–04 1R England Blackburn Rovers 3-1 1–1 4-2
2R Portugal Sporting CP 1-1 3–0 4-1
3R Italy Parma 3-0 1–0 4-0
4R Spain Valencia 1-0 0–2 (aet) 1-2
2004–05 Q2 Croatia Rijeka 1-0 1–2 2-2 (ag)
1R Greece Egaleo 1-1 0–1 1-2

UEFA Intertoto Cup:

Season Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
1995 GS Israel Hapoel Petah Tikva 4-0 3rd place
GS France Strasbourg 1–4
GS Malta Floriana 3-0
GS Austria Tirol Innsbruck 2-3

League standings (1959–2013)[edit]

League Standings (1959-2012)

"*" : Second Level Division "**":Third Level Division

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Turkey GK Ramazan Köse (Captain)
2 Turkey MF Ahmet Oğuz
3 Serbia DF Duško Tošić
4 Turkey DF Ahmet Çalık
5 Turkey MF Nizamettin Çalışkan
6 Turkey MF Çağrı Bülbül
7 Serbia MF Nemanja Tomić
8 Serbia MF Radosav Petrović
9 Turkey FW Artun Akçakın
10 Romania FW Bogdan Stancu
11 Sweden FW Mervan Çelik
14 Turkey DF Ferhat Görgülü
15 Belarus DF Artem Radkov
17 Turkey MF İrfan Kahveci
18 Romania MF Liviu Antal
19 Ivory Coast MF Jean-Jacques Gosso
No. Position Player
20 Turkey MF Doğa Kaya
24 Turkey MF Özgür İleri
25 Turkey MF Guido Koçer
27 Sweden GK Johan Dahlin
31 Serbia MF Milan Smiljanić
40 Turkey FW Emre Gültekin
42 Turkey DF Hakan Aslantaş
45 Turkey DF Hikmet Balioğlu
48 Turkey MF Taylan Antalyalı
53 Turkey MF Ersel Aslıyüksek
58 Turkey DF Uğur Çiftçi
61 Turkey DF Sedat Bayrak
66 Turkey MF Orhan Gülle
99 Turkey FW Berat Tosun

Coaching staff[edit]

Position Staff
Head Coach İrfan Buz
Assistant Coach Naci Şensoy
Assistant Coach Soner Tolungüç
Goalkeeping Coach İsmail Aydoğdu
 
Position Staff
A2 Team Goalkeeping Coach Murat Akarsu
Elite 18 Team Head Coach Veyis Kanber
Elite 18 Team Assistant Coach Mahmut Duran
Eltie 17 Team Head Coach Aykın Demir
Elite 17 Team Assistant Coach Erol Tokgözler
Elite 16 Team Head Coach Tanser Aydın
Elite 16 Team Assistant Coach Dünyacan Çiçekverdi
Elite 15 Team Head Coach Tuncay Marancı
Elite 14 Team Head Coach Cemil Aktaş

Most capped players[edit]

Player Caps Period
1 Turkey Tevfik Kutlay 343 1959–72
2 Turkey Selçuk Çakmaklı 337 1959–72
3 Turkey Avni Okumuş 317 1983–93
4 Turkey Zeynel Soyuer 291 1959–70
5 Turkey Metin Diyadin 286 1988–98
6 Turkey Nihat Baştürk 279 1994–04
7 Turkey Okan Gedikali 274 1981–91
8 Turkey Orhan Yüksel 235 1959–66
9 Turkey Cemalettin Sakallıoğlu 235 1975–84
10 Turkey Mehmet Şimşek 233 1993–01

Top goalscorers[edit]

Player Goals (Caps) Period
1 Democratic Republic of the Congo Andre Kona N'Gole 73 (147) 1993–01
2 Turkey Avni Okumuş 72 (317) 1983–93
3 Turkey Orhan Yüksel 71 (235) 1959–66
4 Turkey Ümit Karan 60 (150) 1997–01
5 Guinea Souleymane Youla 56 (134) 2001–05
6 Turkey Harun Erol 50 (193) 1979–91
7 Turkey Muammer Nurlu 48 (150) 1983–89
8 Turkey Abdullah Çevrim 48 (154) 1961–66
9 Turkey Zeynel Soyuer 48 (291) 1959–70
10 Turkey Tevfik Kutlay 47 (343) 1959–72

Former players[edit]

Managers[edit]

Presidents[edit]

 
Name Years
Münif Kemal Ak 1923–36
Saffet Gürol 1936–43
Namık Ambarlıoğlu 1943–44
Fevzi Magat 1944–46
Namık Katoğlu 1947–48
Yusuf Bahri 1948–49
Orhan Şeref Apak 1949–50
Reşat Taşer 1950–52
 
Name Years
Nuri Togay 1952–55
Mümtaz Tarhan 1955–57
Ahmet Salih Korur 1957–58
Orhan Şeref Apak 1958–61
Turhan Ogan 1961–63
İbrahim Sıtkı Hatipoğlu 1964–65
Muslihittin Yılmaz Mete 1965–66
İsmet Sezgin 1966–67
 
Name Years
Hadi Özbay 1967–68
Necip Türegen 1968–69
Mehmet Ali Tuzcuoğlu 1969–70
Adil Evrensel 1970–72
Sezai Diblan 1972–74
Hasan Şengel 1976–77
İlhan Cavcav 1977–

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Genclerbirligi team profile turkish-football.com (English) accessed 27 Jan 2012

External links[edit]