Genchū

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Genchū (元中) was a Japanese era of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts lasting from April 1384 to October 1392.[1] Reigning Emperors were Go-Kameyama in the south and Go-Komatsu in the north.

Nanboku-chō overview[edit]

The Imperial seats during the Nanboku-chō period were in relatively close proximity, but geographically distinct. They were conventionally identified as:

During the Meiji period, an Imperial decree dated March 3, 1911 established that the legitimate reigning monarchs of this period were the direct descendants of Emperor Go-Daigo through Emperor Go-Murakami, whose Southern Court (南朝 nanchō?) had been established in exile in Yoshino, near Nara.[2]

Until the end of the Edo period, the militarily superior pretender-Emperors supported by the Ashikaga shogunate had been mistakenly incorporated in Imperial chronologies despite the undisputed fact that the Imperial Regalia were not in their possession.[2]

This illegitimate Northern Court (北朝 hokuchō?) had been established in Kyoto by Ashikaga Takauji.[2]

Events of the Genchū Era[edit]

Northern Court Equivalents[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Genchū" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 236; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ a b c Thomas, Julia Adeney. (2001). Reconfiguring modernity: concepts of nature in Japanese political ideology, p. 199 n57, citing Mehl, Margaret. (1997). History and the State in Nineteenth-Century Japan. p. 140-147.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Kōwa
Era or nengō
Genchū

1384–1392
Succeeded by
Meitoku