GeneSat-1 is a fully automated, miniature spaceflight system that provides life support for bacterium. The system was launched into orbit on December 16, 2006 from Wallops Flight Facility. GeneSat-1 began to transmit data on its first pass over the mission's California ground station.
The nanosatellite  contains onboard micro-laboratory systems such as sensors and optical systems that can detect proteins that are the products of specific genetic activity. Knowledge gained from GeneSat-1 is intended to aid scientific understanding of how spaceflight affects the human body.
Weighing 5 kilograms, the miniature laboratory was a secondary payload on an Air Force four-stage Minotaur 1 rocket that delivered the Air Force TacSat 2 satellite to orbit. In the development of the GeneSat satellite class (at a fraction of what it normally costs to conduct a mission in space), Ames Research Center (Small Spacecraft Office) collaborated with organisations in Industry and also universities local to the center. It is NASA's first fully automated, self-contained biological spaceflight experiment on a satellite of its size.
- "Mission Overview: GeneSat-1". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
- David, Leonard (30 August 2005). "GeneSat-1: Small Satellite Tackles Big Biology Questions". Space.com. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
- a list from the NASA database retrieved 08:55(UTC) October 24, 2011
- GeneSat-1 mission dashboard Santa Clara University Robotics Systems Laboratory retrieved 08:19 24.10.2011
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