Genealogy of the Rothschild family

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Coat of arms of the Rothschild family. The family motto appears below the shield: Concordia, Integritas, Industria (Latin for Unity, Integrity, Industry).

The Rothschild family is a European family of German Jewish origin that established European banking and finance houses from the late eighteenth century.

The Rothschild family was founded by Mayer Amschel Rothschild. Wanting his sons to succeed on their own and to expand the family business across Europe, he had his eldest son remain in Frankfurt, while his four other sons were sent to different European cities with the mission of establishing a financial institution to invest in business and provide banking services. Endogamy within the family was an essential part of the Rothschild strategy in order to ensure control of their wealth remained in family hands. Through their collaborative efforts, the Rothschilds rose to prominence in a variety of banking endeavours including loans, government bonds and trading in bullion. Their financing afforded investment opportunities and during the 19th century they became major stakeholders in large-scale mining and rail transport ventures that were fundamental to the rapidly expanding industrial economies of Europe.

Five lines of the Austrian branch of the family were elevated into the Austrian nobility, being given hereditary baronies of the Habsburg Empire by Emperor Francis II in 1816. The British branch of the family was elevated into the British nobility at the request of Queen Victoria.[1][2]

This article shows the family tree of some of the prominent branches of the Rothschild family.

The founder and his children[edit]

Mayer Amschel Rothschild

Mayer Amschel Rothschild was born in 1744 in the ghetto in Frankfurt. At the age of 13, he went to Hanover to serve an apprenticeship with the bank of Simon Wolf Oppenheimer. At the age of 19, he returned to Frankfurt. There he joined his brother Calmann's money-changing business. He became a dealer in rare coins and won the patronage of Wilhelm IX of Hesse, gaining the title of "court factor". Rothschild's coin business expanded through the provision of banking services to Wilhelm IX. His bank became one of the biggest in Frankfurt.

He married Guttle Schnapper in 1770. With her, he had 10 children.

Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), banker
founder of the dynasty
∞ 1770 : Gertrude Schnapper (1753–1849)
│
├──> Schönche Jeannette Rothschild (1771–1859)
│    ∞ 1795 : Benedikt Moses Worms (1772–1824)
│    genealogy of "Worms" (not carrying the name Rothschild)
│
├──> Amschel Mayer Rothschild (1773–1855), banker
│    ∞ 1796 : Eva Hanau (1779–1848)
│    only representative of Rothschild banking family of Germany (no descendants)
│
├──> Salomon Mayer Rothschild (1774–1855), banker
│    founder of Rothschild banking family of Austria
│
├──> Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777–1836), banker
│    founder of Rothschild banking family of England
│
├──> Carl Mayer Rothschild (1788–1855), banker
│    founder of Rothschild banking family of Naples
│
├──> Henriette Rothschild (1791–1866)
│    ∞ 1815 : Abraham Montefiore (1788–1824), banker
│    genealogy of  "Montefiore" (not carrying the name Rothschild)
│
└──> James Mayer Rothschild (1792–1868), banker
     founder of Rothschild banking family of France

Rothschild banking family of Austria[edit]

Salomon Mayer von Rothschild

Salomon Mayer von Rothschild, the second son, went to Austria and established S M von Rothschild in Vienna. He married Caroline Stern, with whom he had two children (a daughter and a son).

Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), banker
founder of the dynasty
∞ 1770 : Gertrude Schnapper (1753–1849)
│
└──> Salomon Mayer von Rothschild (1774–1855), banker
     founder of Rothschild banking family of Austria
     ∞ Caroline Stern (1782–1854)
     │
     ├──> Anselm Salomon von Rothschild (1803–1874), banker
     │    ∞ 1826 : Charlotte von Rothschild (1807–1859)
     │    │        see Rothschild banking family of England
     │    │
     │    ├──> Julie von Rothschild (1830–1907)
     │    │    ∞ 1850 : Adolph Carl von Rothschild (fr) (1823–1900)
     │    │             see Rothschild banking family of Naples
     │    │
     │    ├──> Mathilde Hannah von Rothschild (1832–1924)
     │    │    ∞ 1849 : Wilhelm Carl von Rothschild (1828–1901), banker
     │    │             see Rothschild banking family of Naples
     │    │
     │    ├──> Nathaniel Anselm von Rothschild (1836–1905), socialite
     │    │
     │    ├──> Ferdinand James von Rothschild (1839–1898), politician and art collector
     │    │    ∞ 1865 : Evelina Gertrude de Rothschild (1839–1866), socialite
     │    │             see Rothschild banking family of England
     │    │
     │    ├──> Albert Salomon von Rothschild (1844–1911), banker
     │    │    ∞ 1876 : Bettina Caroline de Rothschild (1858–1892)
     │    │    │        see Rothschild banking family of France
     │    │    │
     │    │    └──> Louis Nathaniel de Rothschild(1882–1955), banker
     │    │         ∞ 1915 : Maria de Rothschild (1894–1937)
     │    │
     │    └──> Alice Charlotte von Rothschild (1847–1922), socialite
     │
     └──> Betty Salomon de Rothschild (1805–1886)
          ∞ 1824 : James Mayer de Rothschild (1792–1868)
                   see Rothschild banking family of France

Rothschild banking family of England[edit]

Nathan Mayer Rothschild

Nathan Mayer Rothschild, the third son, went to England and settled in Manchester but then moved to London. He first established a textile jobbing business in Manchester and from there went on to establish N M Rothschild & Sons in London. He married Hannah Barent Cohen in 1806, with whom he had seven children (three daughter and four sons).

Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), banker
founder of the dynasty
∞ 1770 : Gertrude Schnapper (1753–1849)
│
└──> Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777–1836), banker
     founder of Rothschild banking family of England
     ∞ 1806 : Hannah Barent Cohen (1783–1850)
     │
     ├──> Charlotte von Rothschild (1807–1859)
     │    ∞ 1826 : Anselm Salomon von Rothschild (1803–1874), banker
     │             see Rothschild banking family of Austria
     │
     ├──> Lionel de Rothschild (1808–1879), banker and politician
     │    ∞ 1836 : Charlotte von Rothschild  (1819–1884)
     │    │        see Rothschild banking family of Naples
     │    │
     │    ├──> Leonora von Rothschild (1837–1911)
     │    │    ∞ 1857 : Alphonse James de Rothschild (1827–1905), banker and vineyard owner
     │    │             see Rothschild banking family of France
     │    │
     │    ├──> Evelina Gertrude de Rothschild (1839–1866), socialite
     │    │    ∞ 1865 :  Ferdinand James von Rothschild (1839–1898), politician and art collector
     │    │             see Rothschild banking family of Austria
     │    │
     │    ├──> Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild (1840–1915), banker and politician
     │    │    ∞ 1867 : Emma Louise von Rothschild (1844–1935)
     │    │    │        see Rothschild banking family of Naples
     │    │    │
     │    │    ├──> Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild (1868–1937), banker, politician and zoologist
     │    │    │    without legitimate offspring
     │    │    │
     │    │    └──> Charles Rothschild (1877–1923), banker and entomologist
     │    │         ∞ 1907 : Rózsika Edle von Wertheimstein (1870–1940)
     │    │         │
     │    │         ├──> Miriam Rothschild (1908–2005), natural scientist (zoology, entomology, and botany)
     │    │         │    ∞ 1943 : George Lane (1915–2010)
     │    │         │
     │    │         └──> Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild (1910–1990), biologist
     │    │              ∞ 1933 : Barbara Hutchinson (1911–1989)
     │    │              │
     │    │              ├──> Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild (1936–), banker
     │    │              │    ∞ 1961 : Serena Dunn (1935–), philanthropist
     │    │              │    │
     │    │              │    └──> Nathaniel Philip Rothschild (1971–), financier
     │    │              │         ∞ 1997 : Annabelle Neilson (1969–), model
     │    │              │
     │    │              ∞ 1946 : Teresa Georgina Mayor
     │    │              │
     │    │              ├──> Emma Georgina Rothschild (1948–), economic historian
     │    │              │    ∞ 1991 : Amartya Sen (1933–), economist and philosopher
     │    │              │
     │    │              └──> Amschel Mayor James Rothschild (1955–1996), banker
     │    │                   ∞ 1981 : Anita Patience Guinness
     │    │                   │
     │    │                   ├──> Kate Emma Rothschild (1982–)
     │    │                   │    ∞ 2003 : Ben Goldsmith (1980–), financier
     │    │                   │
     │    │                   ├──> Alice Miranda Rothschild (1983–)
     │    │                   │    ∞ 2013 : Zac Goldsmith (1975–), politician
     │    │                   │
     │    │                   └──> James Amschel Victor Rothschild (1985–)
     │    │
     │    ├──> Alfred Charles de Rothschild (1842–1918), banker
     │    │    director of The Bank of England
     │    │
     │    └──> Leopold de Rothschild (1845–1917), banker
     │         ∞ 1881 : Marie Perugia (1862–1937)
     │         │
     │         ├──> Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1882–1942), banker and politician
     │         │    │
     │         │    └──> Edmund Leopold de Rothschild (1916–2009), banker
     │         │         │
     │         │         ├──> Katherine Juliette de Rothschild (1949)
     │         │         │   ∞ 1971 : Marcus Agius (1946-), financer
     │         │         │            the chairman of Barclays
     │         │         │
     │         │         └──> Charlotte Henriette de Rothschild (1955–), soprano
     │         │
     │         ├──> Evelyn Achille de Rothschild (1886–1917), banker, soldier
     │         │    died in action after the Battle of Mughar Ridge
     │         │
     │         └──> Anthony Gustav de Rothschild (1887–1961), banker
     │              ∞ 1926 : Yvonne Cahen d'Anvers (1899–1977)
     │              │
     │              └──> Evelyn Robert de Rothschild (1931–), banker
     │                   ∞ 1966 : Jeannette Bishop (1940–1981)
     │                   │
     │                   ├──> Richard Anton de Rothschild (1966–)
     │                   │
     │                   ├──> Anthony James de Rothschild (1977–)
     │                   │    ∞ 2006 : Tania Strecker (1973–), model
     │                   │
     │                   └──> David Mayer de Rothschild (1978–), adventurer and environmentalist
     │
     ├──> Anthony Nathan de Rothschild (1810–1876), banker
     │    ∞ 1840 : Louise Montefiore (1821–1910)
     │
     ├──> Nathaniel de Rothschild (1812–1870), vineyard owner (Château Mouton Rothschild)
     │    founder of the French wine-making branch of the Rothschild family
     │    ∞ 1842 : Charlotte de Rothschild (1825–1899)
     │    │        see Rothschild banking family of France
     │    │
     │    ├──> James Nathan de Rothschild (1844–1881)
     │    │    ∞ 1871 : Laura von Rothschild (1847–1931)
     │    │    │        see Rothschild banking family of Naples
     │    │    │
     │    │    ├──> Henri James de Rothschild (1872–1947), playwright
     │    │    │    ∞ 1895 : Mathilde Weissweiller (1872–1926)
     │    │    │    │
     │    │    │    └──> Philippe de Rothschild (1902–1988), race-car driver and vineyard owner (Château Mouton Rothschild)
     │    │    │         ∞ 1935 : Elisabeth Pelletier de Chambure (1902–1945)
     │    │    │         │
     │    │    │         └──> Philippine de Rothschild (1933–), actress and vineyard owner (Château Mouton Rothschild)
     │    │    │
     │    │    └──> Jeanne Sophie de Rothschild (de) (1874–1929), philanthropist, builder of Château de Montvillargenne (fr)
     │    │
     │    └──> Arthur de Rothschild (1851–1903)
     │
     └──> Louise von Rothschild (de) (1820–1894)
          ∞ 1842 : Mayer Carl von Rothschild (1820–1886)
                   see Rothschild banking family of Naples

Rothschild banking family of Naples[edit]

Carl Mayer von Rothschild

Carl Mayer von Rothschild, the fourth son, went to Naples and established C M de Rothschild & Figli. He married Adelheid Herz in 1818. With her, he had five children (a daughter and four sons), all of whom married within the family.

Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), banker
founder of the dynasty
∞ 1770 : Gertrude Schnapper (1753–1849)
│
└──> Carl Mayer von Rothschild (1788–1855), banker
     founder of Rothschild banking family of Naples
     ∞ 1818 : Adelheid Herz (1800–1853)
     │
     ├──> Charlotte von Rothschild (1819–1884), socialite
     │      ∞ 1836 : Lionel de Rothschild (1808–1879), banker
     │               see Rothschild banking family of England
     │
     ├──> Mayer Carl von Rothschild (1820–1886)
     │      ∞ 1842 : Louise von Rothschild (de) (1820–1894)
     │      │        see Rothschild banking family of England
     │      │
     │      ├──> Adelheid von Rothschild (1843–1922)
     │      │     ∞ 1862 : Salomon James de Rothschild (1835–1864), banker
     │      │              see Rothschild banking family of France
     │      │
     │      ├──> Emma Louise von Rothschild (1844–1935)
     │      │     ∞ 1867 : Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild (1840–1915), banker and politician
     │      │              see Rothschild banking family of England
     │      │
     │      ├──> Laura von Rothschild (1847–1931)
     │      │     ∞ 1871 : James Nathan de Rothschild (1844–1884)
     │      │              see Rothschild banking family of England
     │      │
     │      ├──> Margarethe von Rothschild (1855–1905)
     │      │     ∞ 1878 : Agenor de Gramont (1851–1925)
     │      │
     │      └──> Bertha Clara von Rothschild (1862–1903)
     │              ∞ 1882 : Alexandre Berthier (1836–1911), 3rd prince of Wagram
     │
     ├──> Adolph Carl von Rothschild (fr) (1823–1900), banker
     │      ∞ 1850 : Julie von Rothschild (1830–1907)
     │               see Rothschild banking family of Austria
     │
     └──> Wilhelm Carl von Rothschild (1828–1901), banker
         ∞ 1849 : Mathilde von Rothschild (1832–1924)
         │
         ├──> Adeleheid von Rothschild (1853–1935)
         │     ∞ 1877 : Edmond James de Rothschild (1845–1934), banker
         │              see Rothschild banking family of France
         │
         └──> Minna Caroline von Rothschild (1857–1903)
              ∞ 1878 : Maximilian Benedikt Hayum Goldschmidt (1843–1940), banker
              │        (Goldschmidt-Rothschild in 1878, Baron von Goldschmidt-Rothschild in 1903)
              │
              └──> Lili von Goldschmidt-Rothschild (1883–1925)
                 ∞ 1906 : Philipp Schey von Koromla (1881–1929)

Rothschild banking family of France[edit]

James Mayer de Rothschild

James Mayer de Rothschild, the fifth son, went to France and established de Rothschild Frères in Paris. He married Betty Salomon de Rothschild, his own niece in 1824. With her, he had five children (a daughter and four sons), four of whom married within the family.

Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), banker
founder of the dynasty
∞ 1770 : Gertrude Schnapper (1753–1849)
│
└──> James Mayer de Rothschild (1792–1868), banker and vineyard owner (Château Lafite Rothschild)
     founder of Rothschild banking family of France
     ∞ 1824 : Betty Salomon de Rothschild (1805–1886)
     │
     ├──> Charlotte de Rothschild (1825–1899)
     │    ∞ 1842 : Nathaniel de Rothschild (1812–1870), vineyard owner (Château Mouton Rothschild)
     │             founder of the French wine-making branch of the Rothschild family
     │             see Rothschild banking family of England
     │
     ├──> Alphonse James de Rothschild (1827–1905), banker
     │    ∞ 1857 : Leonora von Rothschild (1837–1911)
     │    │        see Rothschild banking family of England
     │    │
     │    ├──> Bettina Caroline de Rothschild (1858–1892)
     │    │    ∞ 1876 : Albert Salomon von Rothschild (1844–1911), banker
     │    │        see Rothschild banking family of Austria
     │    │
     │    ├──> Charlotte Béatrice de Rothschild (1864–1934), socialite and art collector
     │    │    ∞ 1883 : Maurice Ephrussi (1849–1916), banker
     │    │
     │    └──> Édouard Alphonse James de Rothschild (1868–1949), banker
     │         ∞ 1905 : Germaine Alice Halphen (1884–1975)
     │         │
     │         ├──> Guy de Rothschild (1909–2007), banker and racing team owner
     │         │    ∞ 1937 : Alix Schey von Koromla (1911–1982)
     │         │    │
     │         │    ├──> David René de Rothschild (1942–), banker
     │         │    │    ∞ 1974 Olimpia Aldobrandini (1955–)
     │         │    │
     │         │    ∞ 1957 : Marie-Helene van Zuylen van Nyevelt (1927–1996)
     │         │    │
     │         │    └──> Édouard Etienne de Rothschild (1957–), banker
     │         │         ∞ 1981 : Mathilde Coche de la Ferte (1952–)
     │         │         │
     │         │         ∞ 1991 : Arielle Marie Malard (1963–)
     │         │
     │         ├──> Jacqueline Rebecca Louise de Rothschild (1911–2012), chess and tennis player
     │         │    ∞ 1930 : Robert Calmann-Levy (1899–1982), publisher
     │         │    │
     │         │    ∞ 1937 : Gregor Piatigorsky (1903–1976), cellist
     │         │
     │         └──> Bethsabée de Rothschild (1914–1999), philanthropist
     │
     ├──> Gustave de Rothschild (fr) (1829–1911)
     │    ∞ 1859 : Cecile Anspach (1840–1912)
     │    │
     │    ├──> Zoé Lucie Betty de Rothschild (fr) (1863–1916)
     │    │    ∞ 1882 : Léon Lambert (fr) (1851–1919), banker
     │    │
     │    └──> Robert de Rothschild (1880–1946)
     │         ∞ 1907 : Gabrielle Beer (1886–1945)
     │         │
     │         ├──> Diane de Rothschild (1907–1996)
     │         │    ∞ 1932–1952 : Anatole Muhlstein (1889–1957)
     │         │
     │         ├──> Alain de Rothschild (1910–1982)
     │         │    ∞ 1938 : Mary Chauvin de Treuil (1916)
     │         │    │
     │         │    └──> Éric de Rothschild (de) (1940–), banker and vineyard owner (Château Lafite Rothschild)
     │         │         ∞ 1983 : Maria Beatrice Caracciolo di Forino (1955)
     │         │
     │         └──> Élie de Rothschild (1917–2007), banker and vineyard owner (Château Lafite Rothschild)
     │              ∞ 1942 : Liliane Fould-Springer (1916–2003)
     │              │
     │              └──> Michael Nathaniel de Rothschild (1946–), banker
     │                   ∞ 1975 : Nili Limon (1951)
     │                   │
     │                   ├──> Raphael de Rothschild (1976–2000)
     │                   │
     │                   └──> Esther de Rothschild (1979–)
     │
     ├──> Salomon James de Rothschild (1835–1864), banker
     │    ∞ 1862 : Adelheid von Rothschild (1843–1922)
     │    │        see Rothschild banking family of Naples
     │    │
     │    └──> Hélène de Rothschild (1863–1947)
     │         ∞ 1887 : Etienne van Zuylen van Nyevelt (1860–1934)
     │         │
     │         └──> Egmont van Zuylen van Nyevelt (1890–1960)
     │              ∞ 1927 : Marguerite Marie Namétalla (1907–1996)
     │              │
     │              ├──> Marie-Hélène van Zuylen van Nyevelt (1927–1996)
     │              │    ∞ (2) 1957 : Guy de Rothschild (1909–2007), banker and racing team owner
     │              │
     │              └──> Thierry van Zuylen van Nyevelt of Hair (nl) (1932–2011), horse breeder
     │
     └──> Edmond James de Rothschild (1845–1934), banker
          ∞ 1877 : Adelheid von Rothschild (1853–1935)
          │        see Rothschild banking family of Naples
          │
          └──> Maurice de Rothschild (1881–1957)
               ∞ 1909 : Noemie Halphen (1888–1968)
               │
               └──> Edmond Adolphe de Rothschild (1926–1997), banker and vineyard owner (Château Clarke)
                    founder of Edmond de Rothschild Group
                    ∞ (2) 1963 : Nadine Lhopitalier (1932), actress
                    │
                    └──> Benjamin de Rothschild (1963–), banker and vineyard owner (Château Clarke)
                         CEO of Edmond de Rothschild Group
                         ∞ 1999 : Ariane Langner (1965–)

References[edit]

  1. ^ The House of Rothschild: Money's prophets, 1798–1848, Volume 1, Niall Ferguson, 1999, introduction
  2. ^ The House of Rothschild: Money's prophets, 1798–1848, Volume 1, Niall Ferguson, 1999, page 481-85

External links[edit]