General Council of the University of St Andrews
The General Council of the University of St Andrews is the corporate body of all graduates and senior academics of the University of St Andrews in Scotland. It was instituted by the Universities (Scotland) Act 1858, but its constitution and organisation have been considerably altered by subsequent statutes.
The business of the Council is to take into consideration all questions affecting the well-being and prosperity of the University, and to make representations from time to time on such questions to the University Court, who shall consider the same, and return to the Council their deliverance thereon. Members may raise any matter bearing upon the University, by reference to the Convener of the Business Committee of the General Council, College Gate, St Andrews.
The Council elects two Assessors to the University Court. No member of the Senatus Academicus is entitled to vote or take part in the election of any Assessor of the General Council. (The Senate elects its own Assessors to the Court.)
Constitution and rules 
- "The Chancellor., all graduates of the University (including honorary graduates) and holders of the Licentiateship in Dental Surgery, members and former members of the University Court, Professors and former Professors of the University, Readers and Lecturers who have been in office for more than one year, former Readers and Lecturers who were members of the Council during their tenure of office as such and who continued in the employment of the University until retirement."
Standing orders of the General Council 
- Statutory Meetings - The Council shall assemble twice each year, such meetings to be held on the last Saturday in January and the last Saturday in June (subject to alteration from time to time by resolution of the Council with the approval of the University Court).
- Special Meetings - Special meetings of the Council shall be called through the Clerk either at the request of the Business Committee, made by a majority of all its members, or at the request of not less than fifty members of the Council.
- Quorum - the quorum of the Council shall be twenty.
- Chairman - At meetings of the Council, the Chancellor, whom failing the Principal, whom failing the Chancellor's Assessor, whom failing a Council Assessor on Court (in order of seniority), whom failing the Convener of the Business Committee, shall preside; in the absence of all of these, a Chairman shall be elected by the meeting. No member of the Senatus Academicus shall preside at a meeting of the Council during that part of the business devoted to the election of an Assessor on the University Court. In every case the Chairman has a deliberative and also a casting vote.
- Committees - The Council shall appoint and determine the duties of a Business Committee. From time to time the Council may appoint other committees to report on any matter remitted to them or to carry out instructions given to them by the Council.
- Notice of Motion - Notice of every motion except procedural motions to be proposed at a meeting of the Council shall be given to the Clerk in writing, signed by the member giving it, at least eight days prior to the date of the meeting in question. If the Chairman is satisfied that due notice could not reasonably have been given in respect of a specific item of business, this Order may be suspended, for the sole purpose of discussing the business in question, on the vote of two-thirds of the members present at a meeting of the Council.
Business Committee 
The affairs of the Council are conducted by a Business Committee exercising duties determined by the Council in accordance with the Council's instructions.
The Constitution and duties of the Business Committee, as determined by the Council, are as follows:-
Constitution of the Business Committee 
- The Business Committee shall consist of:
(a) Members ex officio (b) Elected Members
- The following shall be members ex officio:
(a) The Principal. (b) The Chancellor's Assessor on the University Court. (c) The Assessors of the General Council on the University Court. (d) The Conveners of all other Committees (and standing Sub-Committees) of the General Council. (e) Two of the co-opted members of the University Court who are alumni.
- (a) The elected members shall be twelve in number.
(b) They shall hold office for four years. (c) Subject to paragraph 5(b) below, they shall not be eligible for re-election until one year has elapsed from the date of demitting office.
- (a) The election of members shall take place annually at the second statutory half-yearly meeting of the General Council; but a casual vacancy may be filled at either statutory half-yearly meeting.
(b) In the case of a casual vacancy the person elected to fill it shall retire when the member (s)he succeeded would in ordinary rotation have retired, and shall be eligible for immediate re-election.
- (a) When necessary, the Convener and the Vice Convener shall be elected by the Business Committee from among its elected members at the first meeting following the second statutory half-yearly meeting of the General Council serving until their ordinary membership term expires.
(b) On the expiry of their ordinary term, the Convener and the Vice Convener shall be eligible for immediate re-election as an ordinary member of the committee, and on such re-election shall be eligible for re-election as Convener or Vice Convener. (c) The Convener and Vice Convener shall be ex officio members of all the committees of the Council.
Duties of the Business Committee 
The duties of the Business Committee are to transact business remitted to the Committee by the General Council, to frame the programme of business to be submitted to meetings of the Council, and to act on behalf of the Council, under powers specifically conferred upon the Committee, or in circumstances of emergency.