General Duke (horse)

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This article is about the 19th-century American racehorse. For other uses, see General Duke.
General Duke
Sire Lexington
Grandsire Boston
Dam Lilla
Damsire (imported) Yorkshire
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1865
Country United States
Colour Chestnut
Breeder Robert A. Alexander
Woodburn Stud
Owner McConnell and Harness
Jockey R. Swim
Record 32 starts, 18 wins
Earnings $17,915 (approximately $45,000 as of 2014)
Major wins
1868 Belmont Stakes
1868 Sequel Stakes
1868 Providence Stakes
Honours
1868 Champion Three-Year-Old

General Duke (born 1865) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the second running of the Belmont Stakes in 1868.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

General Duke was sired by Lexington, and out of Lilla, who was by the imported stallion Yorkshire. General Duke was foaled in 1865, and was a chestnut stallion. He was bred by Robert A. Alexander at Woodburn Stud in Kentucky.[3]

Racing career[edit]

General Duke's first start on the racetrack was in 1867, in the Saratoga Stakes on August 9. He placed third in that race, which was 34 mile (1,200 meters) and limited to two-year-old horses. He carried 90 pounds (41 kilograms) and raced for McConnell and Harness. The winner's time was 1 minute 20 seconds.[4] He then raced on August 12, for the same owners, at the same distance in a race for two-year-olds, which he won in 1 minute 2014 seconds.[5] Both of these races were at Saratoga Race Course in New York.[4][5] On September 26, 1867, General Duke started a race at Cincinnati, Ohio, the Cincinnati Stakes. This was a 1 mile (1,600 m) race for two-year-olds, which General Duke won in 1 minute 4512 seconds carrying 86 pounds (39 kg). He was at that time still owned by McConnell and Harness.[6]

As a three-year-old, General Duke first started at the Secaucus Racetrack in New Jersey, on May 29, 1868. This race was a mile-heat race, run as three separate 1 mile (1,600 m) races. Racing again for McConnell and Harness, General Duke finished 3 in each of the three heats.[7] The next race he started was the Belmont Stakes, on June 10, 1868, which was run at the Jerome Park Racetrack. The Belmont was run at a 1 58 miles (2,600 m). General Duke won the race, while carrying 110 pounds (50 kg), in a time of 3 minutes and 2 seconds.[8] His jockey for the race was R. Swim.[2] On June 17, he came in second in a sweepstakes race at 2 miles (3,200 m) distance.[9] On July 2, he won a sweepstakes race for three-year-olds at a distance of a 1 34 miles (2,800 m).[10] On August 10, at Saratoga, he won the Sequel Stakes over 2 miles (3,200 m), in a time of 3 minutes 4034 seconds. He carried 115 pounds (52 kg) in that race.[11] On August 25, 1868, he won the Providence Stake at Narragansett Race Track, in Rhode Island. This race was a 1 12 miles (2,400 m), and he carried 110 pounds (50 kg) during his winning time of 2 minutes and 44 seconds.[12] The same day, he won a heat race, with two 2 miles (3,200 m) heats, placing first in both heats.[13] He next started at the Jerome Park Racetrack in New York on October 7, 1868 in a cup race over 2 18 miles (3,400 m). He placed second while carrying 95 pounds (43 kg).[14] His last start of the year was on October 8, when he won a 1 34 miles (2,800 m) race with a time of 3 minutes and 13 seconds.[15]

General Duke's final racing career totals were 32 starts and 18 wins, with total earnings on the track of $17,915 (approximately $45,000 as of 2014).[16][17] He was named Champion Three-Year-Old in 1868.[16]

After General Duke's racing career, he was known as Judge Curtis.[18]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ New York Racing Association "Belmont Stakes" The Belmont Stakes
  2. ^ a b Daily Racing Form American Racing Manual 1948 Edition p. 215A
  3. ^ Bruce American Stud Book 1 p. 653
  4. ^ a b Crickmore Racing Calendars 1866, 1867 p. 143
  5. ^ a b Crickmore Racing Calendars 1866, 1867 p. 145
  6. ^ Crickmore Racing Calendars 1866, 1867 p. 179
  7. ^ Crickmore Racing Calendars 1868, 1896 p. 30
  8. ^ Crickmore Racing Calendars 1868, 1896 p. 32
  9. ^ Crickmore Racing Calendars 1868, 1896 p. 36
  10. ^ Crickmore Racing Calendars 1868, 1896 p. 39
  11. ^ Crickmore Racing Calendars 1868, 1896 p. 43
  12. ^ Crickmore Racing Calendars 1868, 1896 p. 47
  13. ^ Crickmore Racing Calendars 1868, 1896 p. 48
  14. ^ Crickmore Racing Calendars 1868, 1896 p. 74
  15. ^ Crickmore Racing Calendars 1868, 1896 p. 76
  16. ^ a b Hewitt Great Breeders p. 18
  17. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  18. ^ Wallace "Giving Good Names to Horses" Wallace's Monthly p. 984

References[edit]

  • Bruce, S. D. (1884). American Stud Book 1 (Revised ed.). New York: Turf, Field, and Farm. 
  • Crickmore, H. G. (1901). Racing Calendars 1866, 1867. New York: W. C. Whitney. 
  • Crickmore, H. G. (1901). Racing Calendars 1868, 1869. New York: W. C. Whitney. 
  • Daily Racing Form (1948). The American Racing Manual 1948 Edition. Chicago, Illinois: Triangle Publications. 
  • Hewitt, Abram S. (1982). The Great Breeders and Their Methods. Lexington, KY: Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association. OCLC 12739523. 
  • New York Racing Association (2010). "Belmont Stakes". The Belmont Stakes. New York Racing Association. Retrieved March 3, 2011. 
  • Wallace, John (December 1877). "Giving Good Names to Horses". Wallace's Monthly.