General Railway Signal
|Fate||Merged with Alstom |
|Predecessor(s)||Pneumatic Signal Company
Taylor Signal Co.
New York and Standard Railroad Signal Company
|Founder(s)||John Taylor |
|Headquarters||Rochester, New York , United States|
|Key people||John Taylor, Wilmer Salmon, Winthrop Howe |
|Products||Grade crossing signals, Railroad signaling|
General Railway Signal Company (GRS) was a supplier of railway signaling equipment, systems and services in the Rochester, New York area. The company was established in 1904 and became part of Alstom Transport in 1998. GRS was a member of the Dow Jones Industrial Average from 1928 to 1930.
GRS was founded in 1904 with the merger of three companies (Pneumatic Signal Company of Rochester, New York, Taylor Signal Co. of Buffalo, New York and Standard Railroad Signal Company of Arlington, New Jersey). In 1923 GRS acquired the Federal Signal Company of Albany, New York.
General Railway Signal was one of the 30 stocks when the Dow Jones Industrial Average was expanded from a 20-stock average on October 1, 1928. It was replaced in the DJIA by Liggett & Myers on July 18, 1930. In 1965, General Signal Corporation (GSX) was created with the intent to diversify into areas other than railway signaling. GRS was a wholly owned subsidiary of GSX.
In 1960, GRS opened up a division called the "General Railway Signal Company de Argentina" (GRSA) in Buenos Aires, which took care of manufacturing, installing, and providing technical support of GRS railroad signalling systems in Argentina. Some of local railroad lines that were provided with GRSA products were Ferrocarril Belgrano Norte, Ferrocarril Belgrano Sur, Ferrocarril Sarmiento and Ferrocarril General Urquiza. Most of the signals are still active. Noticeably among their products are their railroad crossing signalling parts, branded with the GRSA logo, instead of the usual GRS one. This facility was closed down in the early 1980s.
In 1986, GRS joined with China National Railway Signal & Communication Group Corporation (CRSC) to form the Chinese-American Signal Company (CASCO) in Shanghai, China, which produces products and systems for railways in the People's Republic of China.
In 1989, GRS was acquired by the Italian company Sasib and joined the Sasib Railways group. From its founding until 1993, GRS main office and manufacturing facilities were located at 801 West Avenue in Rochester. In 1993, it moved to two new suburban facilities: administration and engineering to Sawgrass Drive in Brighton, and manufacturing to John Street in West Henrietta. In 1998, it became part of Alstom, a French corporation, when Alstom acquired Sasib Railways. The GRS name is no longer used. All products now use the Alstom brand.
In 2003, the Sawgrass facility was closed and all activity was consolidated at the John Street plant, renamed Alstom Station.
- Carborne signaling equipment
- Wayside signaling equipment
- Central Control signaling equipment
- BNSF Railway
- Canadian National Railway
- Canadian Pacific Railway
- Grupo Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana
- Ferrocarriles Argentinos, through GRS de Argentina (GRSA)
- Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil, (Rio de Janeiro) (1933-1957).
- RFFSA, (Rio de Janeiro) (1957-1984).
- CBTU, (Rio de Janeiro) (1984-1998).
- Supervia, (Rio de Janeiro) (1998-Present).
- Kansas City Southern Railway
- Korean National Railroad
- Norfolk Southern Railway
- ProRail, operator of the railway infrastructure in The Netherlands
- Union Pacific Railroad
- RailCorp (Rail Corporation New South Wales) and its predecessors
- Bay Area Rapid Transit
- Chicago Transit Authority
- Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf, the municipal transport company in Amsterdam
- Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
- Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority
- NJ Transit
- New York City Transit Authority
- Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority
- Toronto Transit Commission
- Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
- First Centralized traffic control (cTc) machine, 1927.
- "NX" (eNtrance-eXit) systems (relay-based cTc), 1937.
- First fully automated freight yard, 1955.
- Computer-based central control office, 1968.
- First fully automatic computer-planned and executed train meet, 1981.
- Microprocessor based Interlocking ("Vital Processor Interlocking"), 1986.
- Northeast Corridor Improvement Project, 1980s.
- 100th Anniversary, 2004.
- Union Switch and Signal, the other major US railway signaling company.
- North American railroad signals
- "Alstom signaling history"
- "A Centennnial: History of Alstom Signaling, Inc., 1904-2004."
- Charles Dow, the History of the Dow Jones Averages
- CASCO Signal Ltd
- Elements of Railway Signaling, General Railway Signal (June 1979)
- GRS (1937). "Speed and Simplicity in Train Directing." Bulletin 172. p. 7.
- "Automation: TV, Tickets & Trains". Time. 1955-02-07.
- Alstom Signalling Inc.(2010). "Rochester Signalling and Control Systems."
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- John Street location Coordinates:
- Sawgrass Drive location
- West Avenue location