General Secretary

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The office of General Secretary (or First Secretary) is staffed by the chief officer (sometimes also the leader) of:

Leaders of current Communist and Socialist parties[edit]

The official title of the leader of most Communist and Socialist political parties is the "General Secretary of the Central Committee" or "First Secretary of the Central Committee". When a Communist party is in power, the General Secretary is usually the country's de facto leader (though sometimes this leader also holds state-level positions to monopolize power, such as a presidency or premiership in order to constitute de jure leadership of the state).

Official title Incumbent Term start Other names
General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping Sept. 19, 2012.jpg

15 November 2012 Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1922–25, 1943–82)
First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea Kim Jong Un 17 December 2011 Chairman of the Worker's Party of Korea (1949–66)
General Secretary of the Worker's Party of Korea (1966–2011)
Title changed in 11 April 2012
First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba Raúl Castro

Presidente de Cuba, Raúl Castro, visita Salvador.jpg

19 April 2011
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam Nguyễn Phú Trọng

Nguyen Phu Trong.jpg

8 January 2012 Chairman of the Workers' Party of Vietnam (1951–69)

First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam (1951–76)

General Secretary of the Progressive Party of Working People Andros Kyprianou 21 February 2009
General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party Choummaly Sayasone

Choummaly Sayasone.jpg

1st term: 21 March 2006
2nd term: 21 March 2011
Chairman of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (1991–2006)
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Britain Robert Griffiths

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January 1998
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Gennady Zyuganov

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14 February 1993
General Secretary of the Communist Party USA Sam Webb

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October 2000
General Secretary of the Peruvian Aprista Party Jorge Del Castillo March 2010

Leaders of former Communist parties[edit]

Official title Incumbent Term start Other names
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Office abolished
(last: Mikhail Gorbachev)

RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpg

Until 24 August 1991 Technical Secretary of the Bolshevik Party(1917–18)

Chairman of the Secretariat of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) (1918-19)

Responsible Secretary of the RCP(b) (1919–22)

First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953–66)

General Secretary of the Albanian Party of Labour Office abolished
(last: Ramiz Alia)
Until 4 May 1991
First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party Office abolished
(last: Mieczysław Rakowski)

Mieczysław Rakowski.jpg

Until January 29, 1990
General Secretary of the Bulgarian Communist Party Office abolished
(last: Petar Mladenov)

Petar Mladenov 1978.jpg

Until January 15, 1990
General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party Office abolished
(last: Nicolae Ceaușescu)

Nicolae Ceausescu.jpg

Until 22 December 1989
General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany Office abolished
(last: Egon Krenz)

Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1984-0704-400, Egon Krenz.jpg

Until 3 December 1989
General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party Office abolished
(last: Károly Grósz)

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Until 7 October 1989
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea Office abolished
(last: Pol Pot)

PolPot.jpg

Until 8 December 1981

See also[edit]

External links[edit]