General Zuazua (municipality)

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General Zuazua, Nuevo León
Municipality
General Zuazua (Nuevo León).png
Founded 1630
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Mayor Pedro Ángel Martínez Martínez
Area
 • Total 124 km2 (48 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 6,996
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CST (UTC-5)
Website General Zuazua municipal government

General Zuazua, is a municipality and town of the northeastern Mexican state of Nuevo León, it is located in the north-central part of the state, in the recently called peripheral region, because of its proximity to Monterrey metropolitan area. Its name honors General Juan Zuazua Esparza, who fought in the War of Reform. The municipality is located in the historic region of the Carrizal Valley which previously was part of the Valle de las Salinas of the former New Kingdom of León. The municipality is recognized in Nuevo León because of its well known Rodeos and the Empalmes, a local dish from this municipality. Pedro Angel Martinez Martinez is the current mayor and the only person to serve twice as such in the history of the municipality.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of General Zuazua is bordered by the municipalities of Cienega de Flores to the west and northwest, Higueras to the north, Marín to the east, and Apodaca and Pesquería to the south.

History[edit]

It was originally founded in 1630 as the Hacienda de Abajo by an expedition of Spanish settlers led by Spanish captain Enrique Gutiérrez de Lara, in a region known as Valle del Carizal or Carrizal Valley, within the jurisdiction of the Salinas Valley or Valle de las Salinas, the Hacienda de Abajo later changed its name in 1650 as the Hacienda Santa Elena, in honor of Saint Helena. In 1807, the Carrizal Valley was separated from the Salinas Valley. Santa Helena during the Spanish colonial period had exhaustive battles against the nomadic native Americans who were exterminated because of their cruelty and frequent raids against the Spanish settlements in the region, primarily perpetuated by the Cuanales and Aiguales, both of Coahuiltecan origin who inhabited the Salinas Valley. In the early years of the 19th century the Cuanales and Aiguales were almost extinct but the war still continued with the subsequent Comanche invasions from Texas to sack towns, mostly in northern Nuevo León during much of the 19th century, by the year of 1840, one of the most intense battles took place in Santa Helena, between the Comanche and the New Leonese Army led by general Mariano Arista, who achieved important victories against them. Arista's army stayed in the hacienda of San Pedro after the battle. On March 2, 1863 the Nuevo León state congress, issued a decree, by then governor of the state, Santiago Vidaurri, in which the hacienda of Santa Helena was separated from the Carrizal Valley, created as municipality and renamed as the General Zuazua village, in honor of General Juan Zuazua Esparza, hero of the war of reform. In 1875 the Santa Elena church was finally built and by the year of 1979 was restored, bringing it back its original architecture. Today, it is one of the main tourist attractions of the town, along with the hacienda of San Pedro.

References and external links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°54′N 100°07′W / 25.900°N 100.117°W / 25.900; -100.117