General of The Salvation Army
|General of The Salvation Army|
|Term length||Unlimited, but must be under 70 years old|
|Inaugural holder||William Booth
General is the title of the international leader of The Salvation Army, a Christian denomination with extensive charitable social services that gives quasi-military rank to its ministers (who are therefore known as officers).
History and Procedures for Election
Usage of the term General began with the Founder of The Salvation Army, William Booth. His wife, Catherine Booth, became known as the "Mother" of The Salvation Army. General Booth passed on the command to his eldest son, Bramwell Booth, but all Generals after Bramwell Booth have been elected.
The office of General is not restricted by gender. Evangeline Booth, William's daughter, was elected fourth General of the Army, and Eva Burrows was elected the thirteenth General. On January 31, 2011 Commissioner Linda Bond, a Canadian national, was named General-Elect of The Salvation Army and assumed office on April 2, 2011 following the retirement of General Shaw Clifton.
The Officer of The Salvation Army who is elected General is the worldwide spiritual leader of The Salvation Army. Since The Salvation Army maintains a quasi-military structure, all appointments are made, and all regulations issued, under the General's authority. Since the results of the 1929 High Council, and with the passage of The Salvation Army Act in the British Parliament in 1931, a General must "retire" at age 70. As of 2013 there are 6 retired Generals still living.
The General is elected by the High Council when his or her predecessor is removed by the High Council, retires or dies (known within the Salvation Army as being promoted to Glory) while still in office. The High Council is made up of the Chief of the Staff, all active commissioners, except the spouse of the General, and all territorial commanders.
The 2006 High Council was held in Sunbury near London, England, from January 20 to January 28, 2006. The High Council elected Shaw Clifton who took office of the General after General Larsson retired on April 2, 2006.
On January 31, 2011, after 10 days of meetings which began on January 21, 2011, the 17th High Council elected Linda Bond as the 19th General of The Salvation Army. General Linda Bond is the third woman to hold the post and the fourth Canadian. This election was handled by the largest High Council in history and was especially significant due to the number of women delegates (57) outnumbering the number of men delegates (52).
On 3 August 2013 the then Commissioner Andre Cox was elected by the High Council of 2013 as the 20th General of The Salvation Army. 
Generals of The Salvation Army
||General||Took office||Left office|
|2nd||Bramwell Booth, CH||August 1912||February 1929|
|3rd||Edward Higgins||February 1929||November 1934|
|4th||Evangeline Booth, OF||1934||1939|
|6th||Albert Orsborn||June 1946||May 1954|
|7th||Wilfred Kitching, CBE||May 1954||November 1963|
|8th||Frederick Coutts, CBE||December 1963||September 1969|
|10th||Clarence Wiseman, OC||1974||1977|
|11th||Arnold Brown, OC||1977||1981|
|13th||Eva Burrows, AC||1986||1993|
|14th||Bramwell Tillsley||July 1993||May 1994|
|15th||(Dr.) Paul Rader||August 1994||July 1999|
|16th||John Gowans||July 1999||September 2002|
|17th||John Larsson||September 2002||April 2006|
|18th||Shaw Clifton||April 2006||April 2011|
|19th||Linda Bond||2 April 2011||13 June 2013|
|20th||Andre Cox||3 August 2013||Incumbent|