|Genre||Military History, History|
|June 17, 2004|
|LC Class||DS79.76 .W75 2004|
Generation Kill is a 2004 book written by Rolling Stone journalist Evan Wright chronicling his experience as an embedded reporter with the 1st Reconnaissance Battalion of the United States Marine Corps during the 2003 invasion of Iraq. His account of life with the Marines was originally published as a three-part series in Rolling Stone in the fall of 2003. "The Killer Elite", the first of these articles, went on to win a National Magazine Award for Excellence in Reporting in 2004.
Wright spent two months with the battalion, having persuaded a commander that he could cope with such an assignment. The Marines of 1st Reconnaissance Battalion were initially hostile and suspicious but soon warmed to him and treated him as one of their own. He gained their respect through his refusal to quit in the face of combat. Often riding in the lead vehicle, a lightly armored Humvee, Wright was in real danger for much of the time, and at one point carried a weapon, though he did so reluctantly.
Wright encounters members of the battalion from all ranks, but the "main players" can be narrowed down to just six from Bravo Company: Sergeant Brad Colbert, Lance Corporal Harold James Trombley, Sergeant Rudy "Fruity" Reyes, First Lieutenant Nathaniel Fick, Sergeant Antonio Espera, and Corporal Josh Ray Person.
Consequences for the Marines
Sergeant Antonio J. Espera claimed he was forced to leave the battalion and Staff Sergeant Eric Kocher claimed he was disciplined for statements attributed to him in Wright's reporting. Kocher worked as an adviser on the adaptation of Wright's book into a miniseries and stated that Wright earned credibility because he stayed with the Marines for "every firefight".
Despite initial doubts, Marine commanders later encouraged the officers of 1st Reconnaissance to read the book and the articles to get an insight into the reality of war.
Statements on combat
Wright stated that he felt more fear of combat before he was in it, but as soon as he was being shot at, he focused on survival. He also revealed that prior to becoming a combat correspondent he had quit drinking and as a result, he found there was something "almost nice" about war because it replicated the "emotional chaos of being a heavy drinker".
Wright also has stated he is "haunted" by the deaths of civilians he witnessed during the invasion of Iraq, because the "real rule of war is that the people who suffer the most are civilians". He believes the troops who fight the wars are more attuned to the moral consequences of their actions than the American public whom he accuses of being "alienated from the people who fight their wars for them".
Major Shoup, an augment Forward Air Controller in the battalion, posted a commentary on the book in which he contrasts the events he witnessed with Wright's descriptions of them. Shoup also states that Wright based his account on one group of enlisted Marines' version of events without including the perspective of others.
Wright replied to this blog post citing his own extensive interview with Shoup that directly contradicts Shoup's later version of events. Wright also cites interviews he conducted with other Marines in the unit that differ from Shoup's account, noting that Shoup's direct superior, Major Eckloff, claimed to have single-handedly killed at least 17 insurgents with a shotgun fired from his truck. Wright states that he reduced that number to 1-2 after other sources contradicted Eckloff. Wright states that his book had to take into consideration interviews from a wide variety of Marines in the battalion, including officers, and could not advance the perspective of just one person.
Hella Nation is a collection of other writings by Wright that includes his reporting on U.S. soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division fighting in Afghanistan and a controversial story about a documentary film shot in Iraq by a drug-addled Hollywood producer.
- PEN USA Award
- J. Anthony Lukas Book Prize
- Los Angeles Times Book Prize
- General Wallace Greene Award from the Marine Corps Heritage Foundation
The cable television channel HBO has produced a mini-series based on the book. Filmed in South Africa, Namibia, and Mozambique, the series aired in July 2008 and spans seven 68-minute episodes, starting with the Marine Recon team crossing the berm into Iraq during the opening stage of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The DVD release consists of three discs, with the first two discs containing three episodes and the third disc containing Episode 7 along with four bonus features, including a Making of 'Generation Kill' and a video diary. It was produced by David Simon, Ed Burns, Nina K. Noble, George Faber and Charles Pattinson. It starred Alexander Skarsgård, James Ransone, Stark Sands, Jon Huertas and Lee Tergesen. Rudy Reyes plays himself in the miniseries adaptation, driving the third Humvee.
- Ludden, Jennifer (23 October 2014). "Evan Wright: Reporting on 'The Killer Elite'". npr.org. NPR, National Public Radio. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- Waxman, Sharon (June 10, 2004). "Sparing No One, a Journalist's Account of War". The New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- Berger, Hank (June 13, 2004). "BOOK REVIEW: N.Y. Times reviews Generation Kill, on marines at war in Iraq". United for peace of pierce county. Retrieved Gen 30, 2009. Check date values in:
- Swick, Gerald D. (Jul 11, 2008). "Generation Kill – The HBO Miniseries; an Interview with Evan Wright and Eric Kocher". armchairgeneral.com. Armchair General L.L.C. Retrieved Sep 23, 2014.
- Dawidziak, Mark (July 11, 2008). "HBO's 'Generation Kill': Hawken grad's book of Iraq tales becomes a miniseries". cleveland.com. Northeast Ohio Media Group. Retrieved Sep 23, 2014.
- Matera, Angelo (January 5, 2005). "Into Iraq With 'Generation Kill': An Interview with Evan Wright". godspy.com. Transmodern Media LLC. Retrieved Sep 23, 2014.
- Shoup, Michael (June 16, 2008). "Comments on Generation Kill". blogspot.com. Retrieved Sep 23, 2014.
- Deutsch, Noah (June 22, 2009). "Evan Wright’s America: Hella Real, Hella Harsh". themillions.com. Mmix The Millions. Retrieved Sep 24, 2014.
- Wright, Evan (2009). Hella Nation: Looking for Happy Meals in Kandahar, Rocking the Side Pipe, Wingnut's War Against the Gap, and Other Adventures with the Totally Lost Tribesof America (1st ed.). Los Angeles, California: Berkley Books. ISBN 1101032405. Goodreads: 9525489.
- Roberts, Jon; Evan, Wright (2012). American desperado : my life-- from Mafia soldier to cocaine cowboy to secret government asset. New York: Broadway Paperbacks. ISBN 9780307450432. Goodreads: 11161428. Librarything: 11347481. Retrieved Sep 24, 2014.
- "Cocaine Cowboys" (2006) at IMDb
- "One Bullet Away". houghtonmifflinbooks.com. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Zeitchik, Steven; Schneider, Michael (February 27, 2007). Variety article "HBO ready to ‘Kill’ with mini". http://variety.com. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved Sep 24, 2014.
- Andreeva, Nellie (June 1, 2007). "HBO drafts cast for 'Kill' mini". hollywoodreporter.com. The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 2007-06-03. Retrieved 2007-06-01.
- "Generation Kill" (2008) (mini) at IMDb
- "The Killer Elite" Rollingstone.com, June 13, 2003 (copy at the Internet Archive) - the first article in the original series