Generation Terrorists

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Generation Terrorists
Studio album by Manic Street Preachers
Released 10 February 1992
Recorded July–December 1991, Black Barn Studios, London
Genre Alternative rock, glam punk, hard rock, punk rock
Length 73:11
Label Columbia
Producer Steve Brown
Manic Street Preachers chronology
Generation Terrorists
(1992)
Gold Against the Soul
(1993)
Singles from Generation Terrorists
  1. "Stay Beautiful"
    Released: 29 July 1991
  2. "Love's Sweet Exile/Repeat"
    Released: 28 October 1991
  3. "You Love Us"
    Released: 16 January 1992
  4. "Slash 'n' Burn"
    Released: 16 March 1992
  5. "Motorcycle Emptiness"
    Released: 1 June 1992
  6. "Little Baby Nothing"
    Released: 16 November 1992

Generation Terrorists is the debut studio album by Welsh alternative rock band Manic Street Preachers. It was released on 10 February 1992, through Columbia Records. It won an award for classic album at the Q Awards in 2012.[1]

On the back of significant media attention and a "disproportionately high press profile" generated by the band's previously released single "Motown Junk" from 1991,[2] Generation Terrorists was long-awaited by critics[3] thanks to the members' proclamation that their debut would be the "greatest rock album ever"[4] and sell around sixteen million copies around the world, "from Bangkok to Senegal".[5] While the album did not meet these sales figures, it was nonetheless ultimately certified Gold in the United Kingdom[6] and also charted within the Top 100 in Japan.[7]

Background[edit]

Recording[edit]

Generation Terrorists was recorded by tracking (the band recording each instrument separately rather than playing it as a live band and then adding the overdubs later) over a period of twenty-three weeks,[citation needed] at Blackbarn Studios, near Guildford, England. Despite being credited in the album notes, lyricist Richey Edwards did not play on the album; instead, guitar parts were played by vocalist James Dean Bradfield on the album.

Musical style[edit]

Describing the album's musical style, The Quietus opined, "It had to sound passé, it had to be overdone; if you're trying to bulldoze the shiny edifice of western pop culture, you can't do it tastefully or with subtlety, can you? [...] Generation Terrorists intentionally overplays its hand, overeggs its pudding and spunks its load at every turn".[8] Pitchfork writer Joe Tangari wrote that Generation Terrorists "walked a weird line between agit-punk, cock rock, romantic melodicism and glam, and was so obviously patterned after The Clash's London Calling that it was actually kind of cute."[4]

Lyrical content[edit]

All lyrics were written by Nicky Wire and Richey Edwards. All music was written by James Dean Bradfield and Sean Moore (except "Damn Dog", which is a cover version of a song by the Sleez Sisters from the 1980 movie Times Square). The album's lyrics are politicised like that of The Clash and Public Enemy,[9] with the album's songs regularly switching from a critical focus on global capitalism to more personal tales of despair and the struggles of youth.[10] Examples of the more politically inspired side of Generation Terrorists include the opening track "Slash 'n' Burn", which concerns "Third World exploitation",[10] the track "Repeat (Stars and Stripes)", a remix of the band's own anti-monarchy tirade by Public Enemy production team The Bomb Squad,[11] and "Another Invented Disease", a song whose title was deliberate word play on AIDS and referred to a conspiracy theory insinuating that the virus was manufactured by American biological warfare scientists.[11]

Other tracks combine personal and political themes, implicating a connection between global capitalism and personal struggle; "Nat West-Barclays-Midlands-Lloyds" was written as a critique of overseas banking credit policies, but also concerned Richey Edwards' issues involving overdrafts and refused loans.[12] Marc Burrows of Drowned in Sound considered the song to be an accurate prediction of "global financial meltdown" and its effects on everyday life.[13] The single "Motorcycle Emptiness", meanwhile, criticizes consumerism as a "shallow dream"[12] that makes human life overtly commercialized.[13] "Little Baby Nothing", a duet between Traci Lords and Bradfield, was described by Priya Elan of the NME as a "perfect snapshot of [female] innocence bodysnatched and twisted".[14]

Wire and Edwards' love of poetry is also evident in their lyrics. Stuart Maconie of Select speculated that the album's lyrics were not primarily written for usage in song format: "You got the impression that often they haven't even been tried out in the mouth".[15] Instead, revolutionary slogans,[16] and rhyme-free verse conveying multiple messages[15] combine to create an album "drenched in Richey and Nicky’s cut-n-paste lyrical agitation",[16] with vocalist James Dean Bradfield "fitting sentences along the lines of “Nagasaki royal alienation consumer deathmask strychnine holocaust HATE” into the restrictive confines of a melodic rock chorus."

The song has a different pace from all the other songs in the album, the lyrics were written by Richey and Nicky and presents a metaphor for the capitalist world.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Album cover[edit]

The cover was originally intended to be Andres Serrano's Pisschrist,[citation needed] a Jesus figure inside a tank of blood and urine, but Sony wanted to avoid any religious controversy; also, the royalty demanded for the piece was deemed excessive.[citation needed] Other ideas were the Bert Stern Marilyn Monroe photographs, a sandpaper sleeve that would scratch the album itself as well as anything else that it was shelved by (an old Situationist prank, this idea was used by Guy Debord for his first book Mémoires and by The Durutti Column for their first album The Return of the Durutti Column) as well as several other famous religious paintings.[citation needed]

The final front cover of the album was a picture of Edwards' left arm and chest. The arm had a tattoo of a rose with the words "useless generation" in capitals underneath, which was changed to "generation terrorists". This was not without problems, as the original pressing had made Edwards' flesh to be bright pink as opposed to the intended mustard. The back cover featured a design similar to their earlier New Art Riot EP cover, an EC Flag, though this time it was crumpled and in flames. The working title of the album was Culture, Alienation, Boredom & Despair (a lyric from the song "Little Baby Nothing").[citation needed]

Track listing[edit]

All lyrics written by Richey Edwards and Nicky Wire, all music composed by James Dean Bradfield and Sean Moore, except "Damn Dog", by Jacob Brackman and Billy Mernit.

No. Title Length
1. "Slash 'n' Burn"   3:59
2. "Nat West–Barclays–Midlands–Lloyds"   4:32
3. "Born to End"   3:55
4. "Motorcycle Emptiness"   6:08
5. "You Love Us"   4:18
6. "Love's Sweet Exile"   3:29
7. "Little Baby Nothing"   4:59
8. "Repeat (Stars and Stripes)"   4:09
9. "Tennessee"   3:06
10. "Another Invented Disease"   3:24
11. "Stay Beautiful"   3:10
12. "So Dead"   4:28
13. "Repeat (UK)"   3:09
14. "Spectators of Suicide"   4:40
15. "Damn Dog"   1:52
16. "Crucifix Kiss"   3:39
17. "Methadone Pretty"   3:57
18. "Condemned to Rock 'n' Roll"   6:06
Japan bonus track
No. Title Length
19. "Motown Junk"   3:58
US track listing
No. Title Length
1. "Slash 'n' Burn"   3:59
2. "Nat West–Barclays–Midlands–Lloyds"   4:32
3. "Love's Sweet Exile"   3:29
4. "Little Baby Nothing"   4:59
5. "Another Invented Disease"   3:24
6. "Stay Beautiful"   3:10
7. "Repeat (UK)"   3:09
8. "You Love Us"   4:18
9. "Democracy Coma"   3:45
10. "Crucifix Kiss"   3:39
11. "Motorcycle Emptiness"   6:08
12. "Tennessee"   3:06
13. "Repeat (Stars and Stripes)"   4:09
14. "Condemned to Rock 'n' Roll"   6:06
20th Anniversary Legacy Edition Disc One bonus track
No. Title Length
19. "Theme from M*A*S*H (Suicide Is Painless)"    
20th Anniversary Legacy Edition Disc Two
No. Title Length
1. "Slash 'n' Burn" (House in the Woods demo)  
2. "Nat West–Barclays–Midlands–Lloyds" (Marcus demo)  
3. "Born to End" (Marcus demo)  
4. "Motorcycle Emptiness" (House in the Woods demo)  
5. "You Love Us" (Heavenly Version)  
6. "Love's Sweet Exile" (House in the Woods demo)  
7. "Little Baby Nothing" (House in the Woods demo)  
8. "Repeat" (Marcus demo)  
9. "Tennessee" (House in the Woods demo)  
10. "Another Invented Disease" (House in the Woods demo)  
11. "Stay Beautiful" (Marcus demo)  
12. "So Dead" (House in the Woods demo)  
13. "Repeat" (House in the Woods demo)  
14. "Spectators of Suicide" (House in the Woods demo)  
15. "Damn Dog" (Live)  
16. "Crucifix Kiss" (Marcus demo)  
17. "Methadone Pretty" (House in the Woods demo)  
18. "Suicide Alley" (South Wales demo)  
19. "New Art Riot" (South Wales demo)  
20. "Motown Junk" (London Studio demo)  
21. "Motown Junk"    
20th Anniversary Legacy Edition DVD
No. Title Length
1. "Culture, Alienation, Boredom and Despair - a film about 'Generation Terrorists'"    
2. "Unseen super eight montage"    
3. "Home road movie"    
4. "Motown Junk" (official video)  
5. "You Love Us" (Heavenly Version) (official video)  
6. "Stay Beautiful" (official video)  
7. "Loves [sic] Sweet Exile" (official video)  
8. "You Love Us" (Columbia Version) (official video)  
9. "Slash 'n' Burn" (official video)  
10. "Motorcycle Emptiness" (official video)  
11. "Theme from M*A*S*H (Suicide Is Painless)" (official video)  
12. "Little Baby Nothing" (official video)  
13. "Repeat" (new film)  
14. "Nat West–Barclays–Midlands–Lloyds" (new film)  
15. "Snub" (Generation Terrorists at the BBC)  
16. "Rapido" (Generation Terrorists at the BBC)  
17. "Band Explosion" (Generation Terrorists at the BBC)  
18. "Rapido" (Generation Terrorists at the BBC)  
19. "You Love Us" (Top of the Pops)  
20. "Motorcycle Emptiness" (Top of the Pops)  
21. "Theme from M*A*S*H (Suicide Is Painless)" (Top of the Pops)  

Release[edit]

Generation Terrorists was released on 10 February 1992.[3] The album sold sufficiently well to enter the UK Rock Chart at No. 1,[6] selling around 250,000 copies worldwide initially.[17] These sales coincided with the 1992 BRIT Awards, whose winners relegated Generation Terrorists to a peak of No. 13 in the UK Albums Chart.[6] The success of 1996's Everything Must Go at the 1997 BRIT Awards ensured that sales of Generation Terrorists and subsequent albums Gold Against the Soul and The Holy Bible enjoyed a late surge; the band's debut sold an extra 110,000 copies.[18]

In the US, the tracklisting was changed, and some of the more political tracks were dropped. "Democracy Coma" was added to make up for this; it was later released as the B-side to "Love's Sweet Exile"/"Repeat", and also appeared on Lipstick Traces (A Secret History of Manic Street Preachers). In addition, four tracks on the US release ("Slash 'n' Burn", "Nat West–Barclays–Midlands–Lloyds", "Little Baby Nothing" and "You Love Us") were remixed by Michael Brauer.[citation needed] These same four tracks also featured live drumming from American drummer Zachary Alford.[citation needed]

The album failed to chart in the United States, shifting only 35,000 units despite its "slick, arena-friendly rock sound", which Simon Price reasoned was because of the arrival of bands such as Nirvana, Pearl Jam and Soundgarden as the "new rock-megastar elite".[19]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4/5 stars[20]
BBC (favourable)[21]
Clash (8/10)[22]
Drowned in Sound (8/10)[23]
The Guardian 4/5 stars[24]
The Independent 4/5 stars[25]
NME (10/10)[8]
Q 4/5 stars[26]
The Quietus (favourable)[8]
Sputnikmusic 3/5 stars[27]

Soon after its release Generation Terrorists was greeted with a favourable reception from magazines such as Kerrang! and RAW,[6] along with a #15 placing in the NME Albums of the Year list for 1992.[28] Andy Gill, music critic for The Independent, highlighted in a review of the album's 2012 reissue that the music was "derided as sub-Clash" in other contemporary appraisals, but remarked that it "now has an astringent edge".[25] The album's length[21][23] and lack of "quality control"[10][23][27] were common criticisms. Richey Edwards admitted that "everybody knows the first album would have been better if we'd left out all the crap."[10] The underproduction of the album was a common cause of complaint among the band's adherents until the superior mix of the Anniversary Edition in 2012.

Nevertheless, by 2012 critic's perception of Generation Terrorists had remained generally positive. In their retrospective review of the album, The Quietus wrote, "Generation Terrorists should be celebrated, because among its messy feast of ideas it remembers to be fun. There's a cleansing and creative glee in its righteous rage and cultural destruction that's rarer in Gold Against the Soul and The Holy Bible."[8] Allmusic wrote, "Since the Manics deliver these charged lyrics as heavy guitar-rockers, the music doesn't always hit quite as forcefully as intended", stating that the "relatively polished production and big guitar sound occasionally sell the music short, especially the lesser songs", but calling the band's passion "undeniable, even on the weaker cuts [...] Debut albums rarely come as ambitious as the Manic Street Preachers' Generation Terrorists."[20]

NME listed Generation Terrorists as the 18th greatest debut album from the last 50 years, describing the record as "angry as it was bright, the Manics blowtorched their manifesto in pulverising punk guitar squeals."[29] In a 2012 "In Depth" feature, Dom Gourlay of Drowned in Sound declared Generation Terrorists to be the most important debut of the 1990s.[30] In a February 2011 issue of Q it was voted by readers at #77 in "The 250 Best Album's of Q's Lifetime" featuring albums between 1986 and 2011.[31]

Re-release[edit]

On 5 November 2012, Generation Terrorists was re-released for its 20th anniversary. There are five editions of the re-release: 1. Single Disc edition: Original Album 2. 2 Disc Deluxe edition: Includes Original Album + Demos with DVD of Culture, Alienation, Boredom, Despair (A making of the album) 3. 4 Disc Limited edition (3000 copies worldwide): Includes Original Album, Demos, B-Sides, Rarities, CABD DVD + Replica of Generation Terrorist Tour VIP Pass, 10" Collage by Richey Edwards, 10" Vinyl LP of a rare Manic's Radio Performance and a 28 page book from Nicky Wire's personal archive.

Also, if the Deluxe edition was purchased from the London Record Store "Rough Trade", then alongside the £20 purchase came a free ticket to see a showing of the CABD film, followed by an acoustic gig with James Dean Bradfield on 6 November.

Personnel[edit]

  • James Dean Bradfieldlead vocals, lead, rhythm and acoustic guitars
  • Richey Edwards (credited as Richey James) – rhythm guitar
  • Sean Mooredrums, percussion, backing vocals
  • Nicky Wirebass guitar
  • Steve Brown - producer, engineer, mixing
  • Matt Ollivier - engineering
  • Owen Davies - mixing
  • Marc Williams - mixing assistant
  • Nicholas Sansano - remixing on "Repeat (Stars and Stripes)"
  • Frank Rivaleau - remixing on "Repeat (Stars and Stripes)"
  • Dan Wood - remixing on "Repeat (Stars and Stripes)"
  • May McKenna – backing vocals on "Another Invented Disease"
  • Jackie Challenor – backing vocals on "Another Invented Disease"
  • Lorenza Johnson – backing vocals on "Another Invented Disease"
  • Dave Eringa – piano, organ on "Nat West–Barclays–Midlands–Lloyds", "You Love Us", "Spectators of Suicide" and "Crucifix Kiss"
  • Traci Lords – vocals on "Little Baby Nothing"
  • Spike Edney - keyboards on "Little Baby Nothing"
  • Richard Cottle – keyboards on "Motorcycle Emptiness"
  • Tom Sheehan - photography
  • Valerie Phillips - photography
  • Paul Slattery - photography
  • Steve Guillick - photography
  • Ed Sirrs - photography
  • Paul Cox - photography

Charts and Certifications[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Savage, Mark (22 October 2012). "Muse, Pulp and Blur win Q Awards". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Price (1999), p. 61.
  3. ^ a b Price (1999), p.74.
  4. ^ a b Tangari, Joe (23 February 2004). "Lipstick Traces: A Secret History of Manic Street Preachers". Pitchfork. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  5. ^ Price (1999), p.36.
  6. ^ a b c d Price (1999), p. 79.
  7. ^ "Japanese Chart Positions". Oricon. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d Ellen, Barbara (8 February 1992). "Reviews: Generation Terrorists". NME. IPC Media. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  9. ^ McLaren, James (9 February 2012). "BBC – Blogs – John Robb on Manic Street Preachers". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c d Price (1999), p.75.
  11. ^ a b Price (1999), p.77.
  12. ^ a b Price (1999), p.76
  13. ^ a b Burrows, Marc (5 November 2012). "Manics Monday: Rain Down Alienation - Generation Terrorists’ key tracks". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  14. ^ Elan, Priya (7 October 2011). "Manic Street Preachers - Their 10 Best Tracks". NME. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  15. ^ a b Price (1999), p.78
  16. ^ a b Beaumont, Mark (10 February 2012). "Manic Street Preachers - 20 Reasons To Love 'Generation Terrorists'". NME. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  17. ^ "Generation Terrorists". Classic Rock. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  18. ^ Price (1999), p.235.
  19. ^ Price (1999), p.92.
  20. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Generation Terrorists – Manic Street Preachers : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : Allmusic". Allmusic. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  21. ^ a b Aizlewood, John. "Generation Terrorists: 20th Anniversary Edition Review - Manic Street Preachers : BBC Online". BBC Music. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  22. ^ James, Gareth (9 November 2012). "Manic Street Preachers – Manic Street Preachers - Generation Terrorists". Clash. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  23. ^ a b c Lukowski, Andrzej. "Manic Street Preachers – Generation Terrorists (20th anniversary legacy edition) : Drowned in Sound". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  24. ^ Sullivan, Caroline (6 December 2012). "Manic Street Preachers: Generation Terrorists (20th anniversary edition) – review". The Guardian (Guardian News and Media Limited). Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  25. ^ a b Gill, Andy (2 November 2012). "Album Reviews". The Independent (Independent News & Media). Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  26. ^ Collins, Andrew (1999). "Generation Terrorists (Q Magazine)". Q. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  27. ^ a b Ali, contributor (7 May 2007). "Manic Street Preachers - Generation Terrorists". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  28. ^ "Albums and Tracks of the Year: 1992". NME. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  29. ^ "50 Greatest Debut Albums: 20-11". NME. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  30. ^ Gourlay, Dom (5 November 2012). "Manics Monday: Why Generation Terrorists was the most important debut of the 1990s". Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  31. ^ "Q 250". Rock List Music. Retrieved 2013-01-04. 
  32. ^ a b "Manic Street Preachers | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. The Official Charts Company.
  33. ^ "Oricon Top 50 Albums: {{{date}}}" (in Japanese). Oricon.
  34. ^ "British album certifications – Manic Street Preachers – Generation Terrorists". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 16 July 2014.  Enter Generation Terrorists in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go

References[edit]

External links[edit]