Genetically modified insect

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A genetically modified insect is an insect that has been genetically modified for various reasons such as agricultural production,[1] oil production[2] and pest control.[3]

In biological research, transgenic fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) are model organisms used to study the effects of genetic changes on development.[4] Fruit flies are often preferred over other animals due to their short life cycle, low maintenance requirements, and relatively simple genome compared to many vertebrates.

Methods[edit]

The first release of modified mosquitoes were performed in the 1970s. It was mosquitoes of the species that transmit the dengue virus that where sterilised by irradiation (sterile insect technique).[5]

The British company Oxitec use a technique called RIDL[6] that produce fertile adults but induce a high mortality of the descendants. The adults generated with this technique and released in the environment are not sterile but their descendants have a survival rate of only about 5% (or much higher in presence of tetracycline).[5]

Species modified[edit]

For confined scientific research[edit]

For commercial uses[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ New Report Finds Genetically Modified Insects May Offer Public Health And Agricultural Benefits, But Clear Regulatory Oversight Is Lacking
  2. ^ Chris Ayres, "Scientists find bugs that eat waste and excrete petrol", www.timesonline.co.uk, 14 June 2008 (page visited on 21 September 2013).
  3. ^ Genetically modified insects prevent disease
  4. ^ First Transgenic Mice and Fruit Flies
  5. ^ a b (French) Luigi D'Andrea, "Des insectes transgéniques contre la dengue. Sous quel contrôle et avec quels dangers ?", Stop OGM infos, no. 52, 2013.
  6. ^ For "release of insects carrying a dominant lethal".

See also[edit]

External links[edit]