Legends of the Fire Spirits: Jinn and Genies from Arabia to Zanzibar is a book by Robert Lebling with foreword by author Tahir Shah and has been called "the most complete compendium of research on the jinn to date."
Tahir Shah's 2008 book In Arabian Nights is a collection of traditional Eastern stories of wisdom, interspersed with encounters with jinn.
Several references to jinn occur in the final short story, "Ramadan", in Neil Gaiman’s sixth The Sandman collection, Fables and Reflections. In Gaiman's novel American Gods, an ‘ifrīt drives a taxicab in New York, and has a homosexual encounter with a passenger, with whom he then switches identities.
In Summoned by Rainy Kaye, Dimitri is a modern-day genie who must fulfill wishes even though he has no supernatural powers.
In the book series Children of the Lamp, the protagonists discover that they are members of a jinn "tribe" named Marid. In the series, jinn are said to be made of fire and have special powers that allow them to do anything they please according to "The Baghdad Rules." In The Blue Djinn of Babylon, the second book of the series, Edwiges, a jinni dedicated to breaking casinos, makes note of the rule that no jinni shall be allowed to make money for him- or herself. Jinn can only use their powers when it is warm.
"The Djinn in the Nightingale's Eye" is a short story by British writer A. S. Byatt, published in an anthology of the same name.
In the Doctor Who novel The Stone Rose, the Tenth Doctor and Rose Tyler encounter an artificial life form called a GENIE – Genetically Engineered Neural Imagination Engine – which is described as the inspiration for the genies of Earth.
Graham Masterton's novel The Djinn is a modern-day story about a businessman trying to use a djinn for gain.
Richard Wormser's novelization of the 1961 film The Thief of Bagdad is told from the point of view of Abu Hastin, the 762-year-old Jinni of Bagdad and supposedly reveals a great deal about the rules that govern the lives of jinnis (including that the story about jinns granting three wishes is false and only got around because one jinni got trapped inside a bottle and had to grant three wishes to a mortal in order to be freed).
In the climax of Matt Ruff's alternate history novel The Mirage, it is revealed the ahistorical setting was created by a pre-Islamic djinn, who subsequently converts to Islam and abstains from his powers.
In the manga series Dragon Ball, the character Mr. Popo is a genie-like entity who serves Kami (God), and the final and most powerful villain of the series is a stylistically-Arabic demon called Majin Buu. Majin is the Japanese word for magical being or genie. Buu is a spirit formed from smoke and clouds who utilizes transmutation sorcery to transform living beings into candy to sate his monstrous appetite. He possesses incredible power, rivaling that of the most powerful gods in the Dragon Ball universe. The series' dragons Shenlong and Porunga also recall genies, in that their sole function is to grant the wish(es) of whoever collects all seven Dragonballs.
In the Image comic book series Amazing Joy Buzzards, El Campeon is a Mexican wrestler genie who can be summoned by the rock group through a magical amulet and the magic words "Go El Campeon Go!".
In the Vertigo comic Fables, a jinni is released from a bottle by a malicious vizier who hopes to destroy Fabletown and murder his master, Sinbad. The jinn are considered among the most powerful creatures in existence, described as almost 97% pure magic (compared to "your average elder god", who are about 50% magic) and as "wild things with no sense of good and evil". Notably, the third wish must be for the jinn to return to its bottle, or else it will be free.
ClanDestine, a comic book series by Alan Davis and Mark Farmer and published by Marvel Comics, is about a family of British superheroes in the Marvel Universe, children of a human and a female jinni.
Comic fiction author Tom Holt titled one of his novels Djinn Rummy, combining the word jinn with the popular card game Gin Rummy. The novel is about a number of jinn in the human world, many of whom have corporate sponsoring. Jinn appear frequently in Tom Holt's books.
The DC Comics characters Johnny Thunder and Jakeem Thunder are masters of a jinni from the fifth dimension named Thunderbolt. Genies in the DCU are summoned by their masters by saying their name backwards. Thunderbolt's true name is Yz, which when said backwards sounds like "say you". Disgraced superhero Triumph was later manipulated by an evil jinni named Lkz, which when said backwards sounds like "so cool". After a conflict involving both the Justice League of America and the Justice Society of America, the two genies merged, changing the Thunderbolt's summoning word to "so cool". The 5th dimension is also home to Superman's enemy, Mister Mxyzptlk. In the pages of JSA it was revealed that imps, such as Mxyzptlk and Bat-Mite, are seen as something akin to children. Thunderbolt's son, Shocko, and Shocko's wife Peachy Pet are also jinn.
In the manga series Magic Knight Rayearth, the princesses from Chizeta, Tarta and Tatra have two jinn guardians.
In the comic book Re:Gex, there is a character named Genie.
In the French-Canadian comic book Dark and Light Elemental Ages series, Bridgelth Hareilniam the female genie of the magic lamp grants three wishes to her enemies and victims using her djinn evil magic. She had five female genies called Athelia Lokto, Messelia Farel, Torgard MacInoch, Servelina O'Shirellyn and Hozena Iyoka; She was trapping in her lamp by the teenager wizard Huckleberry Yiucko and sends her in a long place.
In the manga series Magi: The Labyrinth of Magic, the djinn are the rulers of dungeons and sleep deep inside their dungeon until a Dungeon Capturer reaches where they are. Once this happens they possess an object of the Dungeon Capturer, creating a Metal Vessel.
In the Marvel Comics series Sleepwalker the Jyn'ai (jynai, jinni, genie) are a race of genie-like creatures that frequently manifest upon the material plane. They deal with specific humans using their powers to grant wishes. They have reality warping powers and can manipulate matter and energy, also can use some psionic powers like telepathy, clairvoyance and a kind of psychic erosion. Their human form was giant-like (7 ft). They have enhanced human agility, strength (1 ton range) and vast endurance. They can live for millennia. Although the jyn'ai are creatures from the astral plane they can assume human shape when they are on the material plane. The first appearance of the jyn'ai was in the Sleepwalker Holiday Special#1 (January, 1993) with a Sleepwalker's foe called Mister Jyn (Jinn is the Arabic word for genie)
In the 1940 movie The Thief of Bagdad, Abu the thief frees a genie from a bottle. The genie promptly tries to kill him, but after Abu tricks the genie back into the bottle, the genie gives him three wishes. Abu asks first for sausages, second to be taken to king Ahmad, and third, in a fit of anger during an argument, for Ahmad to go to Baghdad, after which the genie abandons Abu. Abu destroys the All-Seeing Eye, freeing good spirits who help him defeat the evil Grand Vizier Jaffar.
In the 1945 film A Thousand And One Nights, Evelyn Keyes plays a voluptuous redheaded genie named Babs, who is the Slave of the Lamp of Nador. She falls head-over-heels for her new master, Aladdin, and reluctantly helps him win the heart of a busty blonde princess.
The sitcom I Dream of Jeannie, which began in 1965 and ran for five seasons, featured Barbara Eden as a 2,000-year-old blonde Persian genie completely infatuated with the American astronaut who had found her bottle and set her free in modern America. It was spun off into the animated series Jeannie in 1973.
In the 1967 Hanna-Barbera cartoon Shazzan the title character is a genie serving two modern American teenagers in the ancient Middle-East. He appears whenever the two halves of a magic ring are put together.
The 1987 movie The Outing featured an evil jinni who is unleashed in a museum and hunts down the teens who let it out.
The horror film Wishmaster features an evil djinn as its villain, the Djinn attempting to trick people into making wishes so that it can gain power in the real world to unleash the forces of the Djinn upon the world and from the void where they have been trapped at the moment God created the world. Although the Djinn can grant wishes to others, these wishes involve the wish-maker sacrificing their souls for what they asked- and the Djinn can even twist their words and taunts around into actual wishes to be used against them if it is phrased properly-, and only the person who released it from the gem can ask for and receive the necessary wishes to release the Jinn's full power without losing their soul (The Djinn even granted its 'master' a test wish that would not count towards the original three which resulted in it being ordered to shoot itself in the head, albeit to prove that it couldn't die). The Jinn was defeated in the first film when the Jinn's master used her third wish to undo the chain of events that led to the Jinn escaping in the first place. The film has spawned three sequels, the first sequel featuring the Djinn being once again defeated by a wish that negated the circumstances of its escape, while the other two featured its victims wishing for the aid of an angel to kill the Djinn.
In the animated series Martin Mystery, episodes called "Curse of the Djini" and "Return of the Djini" featured an evil jinni trapped in a skull who could read peoples' mind’s and make them state their wishes. If the jinni died, the wishes would be undone.
In the episode "The Wish" of the UPN horror/comedy series Special Unit 2, Special Unit 2 encountered an evil genie-like link who needed to grant 3,000 wishes in order to gain free will. Unlike traditional jinn, this genie did not have supernatural powers other than the ability to transform between gas and solid states. As a result, the genie had to carry out wishes physically; for example, if someone wished for a million dollars the genie had to break into a bank and steal a million dollars for them, or if someone wished for a relationship with a beautiful model the genie would have to kidnap the model. These wishes almost always ended in disaster for the genie's masters. After 3,000 wishes had been granted the genie would no longer have to live in bottles or grant wishes.
An episode of the TV series Charmed called "I Dream of Phoebe" has the Charmed Ones confronting a trickster genie who is trying to gain its freedom by granting three wishes; another episode featured a genie whose wishes unintentionally caused disaster for the sisters despite his efforts to help.
An episode of Supernatural, "What Is And What Should Never Be", featured protagonist Dean hunting a jinni who did not actually grant wishes; the jinni instead caused the victim to enter a dream in which their greatest wish was granted, allowing the jinni to feed off their life- in Dean's case, that his mother had never been killed-, although Dean was able to escape the dream when he confronted the jinni after realising the consequences of his wish (Believing that he was still in a real world where those he and his family had saved as hunters died without them there to save them).
Some episodes of the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer featured vengeance demons, a race of demons who granted wishes for humans seeking revenge for various wrongs; like malevolent genies, these wishes commonly featured the exact wording of the wish being obeyed while not giving the wish-maker what they fundamentally wanted. For instance, Cordelia Chase's wish that Buffy Summers never came to Sunnydale- believing that she would thus escape the loss of social status that she had suffered due to her association with Buffy- created a world where vampires were in control without the Slayer to aid the humans, and Dawn Summers's wish that nobody would leave her resulted in the guests at Buffy's 21st birthday party being unable to leave her house.
In a season 7 episode of The X-Files titled "Je Souhaite", a man awakens a genie who grants him three wishes, but always uses loopholes, resulting in often disastrous outcomes for the person.
Desiree from the animated series Danny Phantom is a genie-like ghost who grants any wishes she hears, gaining power by doing so.
In Fairly Oddparents, there is a genie named Norm (voiced by Norm Macdonald), who, like traditional malevolent genies, grants the wish precisely without giving the wisher exactly what he wanted. Although the series' main character Timmy Turner initially attempted to use Norm for three rule-free wishes in his first appearance- his fairies being restricted to rules such as not being able to make anyone fall in love or help the wisher win contests-, he subsequently realized his mistake and, having gained three more wishes by trapping Norm in a vacuum, subsequently wished for a lawyer to help him draw up another wish to ensure that there would be no way for Norm to "cheat" his way out of the wish. Norm has appeared as a recurring adversary in subsequent stories; one occasion saw him teaming up with Timmy's teacher/enemy Denzel Crocker- Norm revealing that Crocker could actually wish for more wishes to help him against Timmy-, but Crocker's incompetence at making appropriate wishes drove Norm to give the lamp back to Timmy to get away from him.
Disney's TV series Aladdin features a genie named Eden who becomes the girlfriend of Aladdin's Genie.
In Duck Tales, Scrooge and Flintheart Glomgold gain a lamp containing a genie when they fall into a cave system and they compete to determine which of them will be the genie's master as they both rubbed it simultaneously. Having won the race, Flintheart's first wish is that the genie leave Scrooge on a desert island. He remarks that he wants to see the look on Scrooge's face, which the genie takes as his second wish, sending him to the island with Scrooge. On the island, Fintheart comments, "I wish we'd never found this blasted lamp!", causing the genie to reset history so that they never discovered the lamp.
In DuckTales: The Movie - Treasure of the Lost Lamp, the characters come across a magic lamp that contains Genie. He grants various wishes of Scrooge's nephews and niece until villain Merlock comes after him. He wishes to use the Genie for his own dark plans, but ultimately fails and the Genie is freed by Scrooge.
An episode of Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers featured the main character Montery Jack finding a lamp with a genie, only to turn into the genie himself when he uses a wish to free the genie, resulting in him being used by the Rangers' enemy Fat Cat to destroy his friends. Fortunately, Fat Cat is forced to pass the lamp on to his henchmen after he exhausts his own three wishes, allowing Monterey to trick the henchmen into making wishes that will actually benefit his friends until Chip and Dale can get their hands on the lamp, the chipmunks subsequently wishing that the previous events never happened.
In the children's game show Nick Arcade, one of Mikey's enemies is a jinni who turns him into a chicken. The jinni can be found in the Forgotten Desert. The same jinni appears in the Video Zone in the level "Enchanted Flight", trying to zap the contestant with lightning bolts.
Bernard and the Genie is a 1991 BBC comedy about a hapless art dealer who discovers himself to be in possession of a real life genie imprisoned in a lamp.
In the 1992 Disney film Aladdin, the title hero becomes the master of a genie, voiced by Robin Williams, after rubbing the side of a magical lamp. Genie offers Aladdin three wishes on anything he wished, the only limitations being that Genie could not kill anyone, make anyone fall in love, bring people back from the dead (Although his words implied that he could bring people back from the dead but the result just wouldn't be pretty), although he also stated that he would not grant wishes for more wishes. He is also required to obey the specific wishes of whoever holds the lamp, thus forcing him to work for Aladdin's enemy Jafar when Jafar stole the lamp, although he was also able to assist Aladdin without Aladdin explicitly making a wish even if he appeared to disapprove of the concept, which gives the impression that the genie should not use his magic to interfere with human affairs, even if by not doing so the consequences would be tragic or detrimental. In the spin-off TV series, Genie was freed from his lamp, now able to come and go from the lamp as he wished, which apparently resulted in his powers being 'downgraded' so that he had less power than demonstrated in the film (Now describing himself as possessing 'semi-phenomenal, nearly-cosmic' powers as opposed to his previous description of himself as possessing phenomenal cosmic power).
In Pee Wee's Playhouse, Jambi was a blue-faced genie who lived in a jeweled box. He usually appeared once per show to grant Pee Wee a wish. His catchphrases included "Wish? Did somebody say 'Wish'?", and the magic words "Mecca lecca hi, mecca hiney ho."
In the popular live-action, Paranormal reality-style documentary Destination Truth, Josh Gates travels to the ancient ruins of Petra in Jordan to capture evidence of the Arabian jinn. The evidence is analyzed later on within the episode by Jason and Grant of the popular Paranormal television series Ghost Hunters to either prove or disprove what the crew captured.
The 2000 Hallmark 2-parts miniseries Arabian Nights depicts two different kinds of Jinns, in the form of a Genie of the Lamp and a Genie of the Ring, both played by John Leguizamo.
The 2005 Japanese tokusatsu TV series Mahou Sentai Magiranger introduced a feline genie character named Smoky the Magical Cat. He resided in a lamp, which also acted as a gun to assist his master (Hikaru/MagiShine) in battle. His American counterpart is Jenji in Power Rangers Mystic Force, who cannot leave his lamp for longer than a few hours without collapsing, although he naturally possesses enough power to rewrite the entire world if the proper wish is made.
The 2009 horror movie Red Sands depicts a platoon of US soldiers stationed in a remote area of Afghanistan who accidentally wake an imprisoned jinni.
The 2010 remake of Clash of the Titans includes Djinn as a race of desert sorcerers who have replaced their flesh with magic and ash.
The 2011 film Jinn deals with the nature of Jinns.
On ABC's hit television show Once Upon a Time there is a genie featured in the episode Fruit of the Poisonous Tree. He is known as the Genie of Agrabah, a reference to the Disney film Aladdin. He falls in love with Queen Regina, played by Lana Parrilla, and eventually becomes the Magic Mirror. He is responsible for the death of Snow White's father, King Leopold, and his cursed Storybrooke state is known as Sidney Glass. He is played by Giancarlo Esposito. The Genie's magic lamp is seen in Mr Gold's shop in multiple episodes.
Black metal band Melechesh is heavily influenced by Middle Eastern mythology, with songtitles such as "Wardjinn", "A Summoning of Ifrit and Genii", "Genies, Sorcerers and Mesopotamian Nights" on the album Djinn.
In the videogames Golden Sun, Golden Sun: The Lost Age and Golden Sun: Dark Dawn, players encounter djinn, small benevolent creatures who use their powers to aid the protagonists in battle. There are 18 djinn for each element. Some are hostile and must be beaten in combat to earn them.
The strategy game series Heroes of Might and Magic features genies as playable characters and units. A genie named Solmyr is a major protagonist in the series.
In the 1980s video game Archon, the jinni is the champion of the light side, opposite the dragon, who is champion of the dark side.
In the video game Primal, the world of Volca is inhabited by evil creatures called jinn, led by King Iblees and Queen Malikel. These jinn live dormant in a volcano, awakening only when the volcano is about to erupt.
In the video game series Final Fantasy, one of the summoned creatures is named Ifrit and offers fire elemental magic. In Final Fantasy III, the player must defeat a jinni who has turned an entire town into ghosts. In Final Fantasy XI, djinn are bomb type enemies that explode when attacked with magic corresponding to in-game day of the week.
In the Mana series, Jinn is one of the eight Mana spirits, representing the element of wind.
The PokémonJirachi is said to grant any wish that is written on a tag and attached to the three star points on its head.
Genies are a major plot element in King's Quest VI as part of the Green Isles folklore.
Iblees, while not the main villain of the story, is featured as an entity summoned by the game's antagonist in the second of the Quest for Glory games. The protagonist also has the opportunity near the game's end to summon a lesser jinni, who grants him three wishes.
In the online flash game, "RPG Shooter: Starwish" there are genies that live on a planet Lucerna. There are Djinn, Marid, Efreet, Jann, and an unnamed Earth genie.
In Uncharted 3: Drake's Deception, after drinking the water of Iram of the Pillars, Nathan Drake starts hallucinating that all soldiers he encounters are reborn as Djinn after killed, using fire-based attacks to attack him.
In Champions Online the player can play transform to a Djinn through a device, using combination of fire and sword based attacks to cut down enemy NPCs.
In Realm of the Mad God, A Djinn is a "god" enemy in the mountainous or snowy regions of the map, also known as the "Godlands". It attacks by shooting white circles around it in all directions, then walking towards the nearest player, while invincible. It then repeats this cycle.
In the popular online MMORPGAdventureQuest Worlds, the Middle Eastern-themed zone the Sandsea Desert features a Djinn Chaos Lord named Tibicenas, as well as a Djinn realm which the player can explore.
Akinator, the Web Genius is an internet game (en.akinator.com) with a genie named Akinator as its main character. Sometimes Akinator's family (who are also genies) appear in the game.
Calypso, who is the fictional figurehead in charge of the popular video game franchise Twisted Metal, has wish granting powers that for a majority of the time resembles that of a malevolent genie in which he grants the wish a person wishes for but twists the words around to usually resulting in death.
In the Dungeons & Dragons series of roleplaying games, genies are powerful elemental spirits from the Inner Planes, each of the four classical elements having its own subspecies of genie: Djinn for air, Dao for earth, Efreet for fire, Marids for water, and a fifth type known as the Jann, who draw their existence from all four elements. A six type, the Qorrash, linked to the pseudo-element of cold, has been introduced.
In the collectible card game Magic: The Gathering, there are more than two dozen jinn-related cards, mostly larger-than-usual creatures with a drawback, and a dozen ifrit/efreet cards.
In Malaysia, the pages containing the article "Born of Fire" were torn out of all issues of the Economist dated December 19, 2006. The government's explanation was that "Muslims cannot believe in the mislead concept of jinns as this goes against Islam."
There is a card in the Yu-Gi-Oh! Trading Card Game called La-Jinn the Mystical Genie of the Lamp. This card and several others aligned with it (Ancient Lamp) parallel common stereotypes regarding genies.
There is an Ifrit in the 2001 fantasy novel American Gods by Neil Gaiman. He is able to switch bodies by having those who believe in his kind perform fellatio on him.
Ifrit is an MVP (boss) at Thor Volcano in Ragnarok Online.
In the Final Fantasy series of games, Ifrit has become a trademark representative of the element of fire, inspired by the Dungeons & Dragons Efreeti, and appears as a horned demonic entity in most of the artistic imagery of the game.
In the original Devil May Cry video game, Ifrit is a fire demon which the protagonist can transform into temporarily after picking up his flaming gauntlets. The gauntlets grant the ability to use the fire element in hand-to-hand combat and a protective shield of fire during a jump to evade enemy attacks. Upon using the "Devil Trigger" with the gauntlets on, the character Dante transforms into Ifrit and his attacks become more powerful. Additional attacks become available in this mode, such as the ability to launch a fireball at enemies.
In the Bartimaeus Trilogy, an afrit is one of the five levels of demon that can be summoned by human magicians. It is considered the second most powerful out of the list, which goes in ascending order of power: imp, foliot, djinni, afrit, and marid. They are described as beings of fire and power, and are often employed by elite magicians as enforcers or bodyguards.
In Sonic and The Secret Rings, an ‘ifrīt is brought forth by Erazor Djinn. The ‘ifrit appears as a jinn (rather than a demon) and can control fire. It is the boss of the third level.
In the game Exile 3 by Spiderweb Games, an efreet is a powerful, magic-casting demon who is encountered in the more dangerous parts of the surface of the Exile world. The efreet are hard to kill, have a poisonous bite, and can cast the highest-level damaging spells. They appear as fiery, demonic figures and have a damaging flame aura.
Marid is one of the elemental enemies in the video game Vagrant Story. Its appearance resembles that of a bluish humanoid with fins and webbed feet, and it wears a distinctive, cone-shaped piece of headgear.
Marids are included in Microsoft's Rise of Nations: Rise of Legends. They are blue-colored genies who hurl spheres of elemental energy at their enemies.
Marid is a playable elemental character in the SNES game Arcana, also known as Card Master: the Seal of Rimsala. Marid appears as a mini-boss in the game who must be defeated before she can be recruited to the player's team. She is the main healer of the group and is effective when confronting high-powered villains in the game.
Marids appear in Final Fantasy XI as large, elephant-like beasts. They were introduced in the Treasures of Aht Urgan expansion pack, which contains themes largely based on Arabian mythology.
Several Marids appear in Christopher Stasheff's 'Wizard in Rhyme' novels Crusading Wizard, and My Son, the Wizard.