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|Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov|
October 26, 1940|
Mytishchi, Soviet Union
|Died||December 25, 2004
|Other occupation||Flight Engineer|
|Time in space||268d 22h 22m|
|Selection||Civilian Specialist Group 5|
|Missions||Soyuz T-3, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10-1, Soyuz T-11, Soyuz TM-10, Soyuz TM-21, STS-71|
|Awards||Hero of the Soviet Union (2)|
Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov (Russian: Генна́дий Миха́йлович Стрека́лов; October 26, 1940 – December 25, 2004) was an Instructor-Test-Cosmonaut and Department Head at Russian aerospace firm RSC Energia. He has been decorated twice as Hero of the Soviet Union (December 10, 1980 and April 11, 1984). He also received the Ashoka Chakra Award from India in 1984.
Strekalov was born on October 26, 1940 in Mytishchi near Moscow. He graduated from N.E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1965 with an engineer's diploma. He died in Moscow on December 25, 2004 from cancer. He was 64 years old.
Awards and honors
- Hero of the Soviet Union, twice (10 December 1980, 11 April 1984)
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (7 September 1995) - for active participation in the preparation and successful implementation of long-term US-Russian space flight on the orbital scientific research complex Mir, displaying courage and heroism
- Three Orders of Lenin (10 December 1980, 1983, 11 April 1984)
- Order of the October Revolution (10 December 1990) - for the successful implementation of spaceflight on the orbital scientific research complex Mir and displaying courage and heroism
- Medal "Veteran of Labour"
- Ashoka Chakra, Class I (India, 1984)
- NASA Space Flight Medal (1995)
- Honoured Master of Sports (1981)
- Honorary Citizen of Queens (United States) and Mytischi (Russia)
- Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
Strekalov had worked as an engineer at RSC Energia since graduation from the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School. He was involved in experimental investigations and testing of space technology. He held the degree of candidate of technical sciences. He independently developed and released documentation for a series of enterprise-related products. As part of an operations group, he participated in mission control for flights of scientific research vehicles belonging to the Academy of Sciences. In January 1974, he began training as a crew member for a mission aboard the Soyuz spacecraft as a flight engineer and, in 1976, was part of the backup crew for the Soyuz 22 mission.
Starting October 1978, he underwent flight training to be the flight engineer for a Soyuz expedition to visit the long-term Salyut space station. From November 27 to December 10 of 1980, he successfully completed an experimental mission aboard the Soyuz T-3 spacecraft as a research engineer as part of the crew composed of L. D. Kizim, O. G. Malcarov, and G. M. Strekalov. During the flight, a docking of the Soyuz T-3 spacecraft with the Salyut 6-Process-11 orbital complex was accomplished.
From June 1981 to April 1983, he underwent direct flight training to be the flight engineer of the primary expedition for a mission aboard the Soyuz-T spacecraft and the long-term Salyut 7 orbiting station. In the period from 20 - 22 April 1983, he flew aboard the Soyuz T-8 spacecraft as part of a crew comprising V. G. Titov, G. M. Strekalov, and A. A Screbrov.
From 3 to April 11 of 1984, he participated in a third space mission aboard the Salyut-7 orbital scientific-research complex as part of an international Soviet-Indian crew including Yu. V. Malishev, G. M. Strekalov, and R. Sharma, of India.
In the period from 1 August to 10 December 1990, he completed a fourth space fight as flight engineer of the seventh primary expedition to the Soyuz TM-10 station and the Mir orbital scientific-research complex as part of a crew including G. M. Manakov and G. M. Strekalov.