Genoa, Nevada

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Genoa, Nevada
Census-designated place
Genoa, Nevada is located in Nevada
Genoa, Nevada
Genoa, Nevada
Coordinates: 39°00′16″N 119°50′50″W / 39.00444°N 119.84722°W / 39.00444; -119.84722Coordinates: 39°00′16″N 119°50′50″W / 39.00444°N 119.84722°W / 39.00444; -119.84722
Country United States
State Nevada
County Douglas
Area[1]
 • Total 9.187 sq mi (23.79 km2)
 • Land 9.187 sq mi (23.79 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 4,806 ft (1,465 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 939
 • Density 100/sq mi (39/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
Area code(s) 775
GNIS feature ID 859807[3]

Genoa /əˈn.ə/ is a census-designated place in Douglas County, Nevada, United States. Founded in 1851,[4] it was the first settlement in what became the Nevada Territory. It is situated within Carson River Valley and is about 42 miles (68 km) south of Reno at 39.005,-119.846.[5] The population of Genoa was 939 at the 2010 census.[6]

History[edit]

Simpson expedition, Genoa, Nevada

Located within the Utah Territory before the Nevada Territory was created in 1861, Genoa was first settled by Mormon pioneers. The settlement originated as a trading post called Mormon Station, which served as a respite for travelers on the California Trail. Orson Hyde changed the name of the community to Genoa, after Genoa, Italy. The original Mormon settlers withdrew in 1857 when they were recalled by Brigham Young due to the Utah War.[7]

The community was the home to Nevada's first hotel, newspaper and court.[citation needed] Nevada's first newspaper, the Territorial Enterprise, was founded in Genoa in 1858, but moved to Virginia City in 1860. Another first for the state, the Genoa Bar, billed "Nevada's oldest thirst parlor", was patronized by Mark Twain, Teddy Roosevelt and Johnny Cash and was used in John Wayne and Clint Eastwood films.[citation needed] Scenes from the 1973 movie Charley Varrick were filmed in Genoa, and the village was the set for the 1990 movie Misery, starring Kathy Bates, when the village doubled in size with buildings added and then removed after the filming. Food writer M. F. K. Fisher wrote a series of cookbook reviews for The New Yorker from her sister's home in Genoa during the 1960s.

Much of Genoa, including the original fort, station, and hotel, was destroyed in a fire in 1910, but a replica of the fort was built in 1947. Every year since 1919, Genoa has held a festival called the Candy Dance, where candy, food and crafts are sold to support its town government. The Candy Dance is usually held during the final weekend of September. Many pioneers rest in the Genoa graveyard, including Snowshoe Thompson, his wife and his son.

A mile south of Genoa is David Walley's Resort, a famous natural hot springs and spa. It was first built in 1862 and known as Walley's Hot Springs. On October 1, 1934, Baby Face Nelson and members of his gang arrived at Walley's Hot Springs, hiding out for a month before returning to Chicago, where Nelson was shot by FBI agents.[8]

Unlike the city of Genoa in Italy, the Nevada community's name is pronounced with the accent on the second syllable: juh-NO-uh.[9]

Genoa Historic District[edit]

Genoa Historic District
Genoa Courthouse Museum
Nearest city Minden, Nevada
Coordinates 39°0′N 119°51′W / 39.000°N 119.850°W / 39.000; -119.850
Area 129.5 acres (52.4 ha)
Architectural style Late Victorian
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 75001108[10]
Added to NRHP April 16, 1975

The Genoa Historic District, seven miles south of Minden, Nevada, is a portion of the community of Genoa which, as a 129.5-acre (52.4 ha) historic district was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1975. Historically known as Mormon Station, the historic area includes Late Victorian architecture; it includes a courthouse and city hall among 29 contributing buildings.[10][11]

Genoa is significant as the first "white" (non-native-American?) settlement in what is now the State of Nevada, having started in 1850 as a trading post on the Emigrant Trail to California, and developed as the community of Mormon Station by Mormons from the State of Deseret. Significant buildings in the historic district include a replica of the Mormon Station (1947?), the Masonic Hall (1868), the Genoa Bar (1855), a firehouse (1971), a store and gas pump (1971), and a courthouse (1865).[11]

Geography[edit]

Genoa is located on the western edge of the Carson Valley, 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Minden, the Douglas County seat. Nevada State Route 206 enters Genoa from the south as Foothill Road, then turns east in the center of town onto Genoa Lane. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 9.2 square miles (23.8 km2), all of it land.[6]

Climate[edit]

Area has a Köppen Climate Classification of Csb, which is a dry-summer subtropical climate often referred to as "Mediterranean".[12]

Climate data for Genoa, Nevada
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3
(37)
3
(38)
7
(44)
9
(49)
14
(58)
19
(67)
24
(76)
24
(75)
20
(68)
14
(57)
7
(45)
3
(37)
12.3
(54.3)
Average low °C (°F) −6
(21)
−6
(21)
−4
(24)
−2
(28)
1
(34)
5
(41)
9
(48)
8
(47)
6
(42)
2
(35)
−3
(26)
−6
(21)
0.3
(32.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 91
(3.6)
86
(3.4)
74
(2.9)
36
(1.4)
30
(1)
18
(0.7)
5
(0.2)
15
(0.6)
15
(0.6)
30
(1.2)
41
(1.6)
89
(3.5)
530
(20.7)
Source: Weatherbase [13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  3. ^ "Genoa". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  4. ^ Read, Laura (May–June 2013). "Genoa, Nevada". Via: 18. 
  5. ^ Community website
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Genoa CDP, Nevada". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  7. ^ http://parks.nv.gov/pdf/07MSbrochure.pdf
  8. ^ Bryan Burrough (29 April 2009). Public Enemies: America's Greatest Crime Wave and the Birth of the FBI, 1933-34. Penguin. p. 453. ISBN 978-0-14-311586-1. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  9. ^ Stanley W. Paher (1970). "Ch. 4 Douglas County". Nevada Ghost Towns & Mining Camps. Nevada Publications. p. 55. ISBN 0-913814-04-0. 
  10. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  11. ^ a b Henry H. Haight III (March 22, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Genoa Historic District". National Park Service.  and accompanying eight photos from 1973-74
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Genoa, Nevada
  13. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on August 21, 2013.

External links[edit]