Atilia (gens)

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The gens Atilia, sometimes written Atillia, was a family at Rome, which had both patrician and plebeian branches. The first member of this gens who obtained the consulship was Marcus Atilius Regulus, in 335 BC. The Atilii continued to hold the highest offices of the state throughout the history of the Republic, and well into imperial times.[1]

Praenomina[edit]

The Atilii favored the praenomina Lucius, Marcus, Gaius, Aulus, and Sextus. Other praenomina do not appear to have been used before imperial times.[1]

Branches and cognomina[edit]

The cognomina of the Atilii under the Republic are Bulbus, Calatinus, Longus, Regulus, and Serranus; and of these the Longi were undoubtedly patrician. The only cognomen found on coins is Saranus, which appears to be the same as Serranus. Calatinus, also found as Caiatinus, probably refers either to the town of Cales in Campania, or to the neighboring town of Caia. One of the Atilii Reguli had previously obtained the surname Calenus in consequence of a battle fought at Cales in 335 BC.[1][2][3]

The Atilii Reguli were the most important family of the gens. They appear in the latter half of the fourth century BC, and the Atilii Serrani are descended from them. This family flourished until the first century BC.[1]

Members[edit]

This list includes abbreviated praenomina. For an explanation of this practice, see filiation.

Atilii Reguli et Serrani[edit]

See also[edit]

List of Roman gentes

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
  2. ^ a b Fasti Capitolini
  3. ^ T. Robert S. Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic (1952).
  4. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita iv. 7.
  5. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Romaike Archaiologia xi. 61.
  6. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita xxii. 49.
  7. ^ a b Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita xxiii. 22.
  8. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita xxiv. 1.
  9. ^ Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita xxxii. 27, 28.
  10. ^ Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, De Vita Caesarum Tiberius 40.
  11. ^ Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Annales iv. 62, 63.
  12. ^ Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Agricola 40.
  13. ^ Birley, The Roman government of Britain p.112
  14. ^ Birley, The Roman government of Britain p. 113-114
  15. ^ Pomeroy, The murder of Regilla: a case of domestic violence of antiquity p. 15
  16. ^ Birley, The Roman government of Britain p. 112
  17. ^ Appianus, Hispanica 58.
  18. ^ Appianus, Bellum Civile i. 72.
  19. ^ Marcus Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Quintum Fratrem iii. 8 § 5.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.