Gentiana acaulis

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Gentiana acaulis
GentianaAcaulisRannoch.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gentianaceae
Genus: Gentiana
Species: G. acaulis
Binomial name
Gentiana acaulis
L.
Synonyms

Ciminalis acaulis
Gentiana kochiana E.P.Perrier & Songeon
Gentiana excisa C.Presl

Gentiana acaulis (stemless gentian)[1] is a species of flowering plant in the family Gentianaceae, native to central and southern Europe, from Spain east to the Balkans, growing especially in mountainous regions, such as the Alps, Cevennes and Pyrenees, at heights of 800–3,000 m (2,625–9,843 ft).

An illustration of G. acaulis

It is a perennial plant, growing to 2 cm tall and 10 cm or more wide. The leaves are evergreen, 2-3.5 cm long, in a basal rosette, forming clumps. The trumpet-shaped terminal flowers are blue with olive-green spotted longitudinal throats. They grow on a very short peduncle, 3–6 cm long. The flower stem is often without leaves, or has 1 or 2 pairs of leaves. It likes full sun, is fully hardy and flowers in late spring and summer.

This plant, like others of its genus, is valued in cultivation for the unusually pure intense blue of its blooms. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2]

The Latin specific epithet acaulis means "short-stemmed".[3]

The closely related Gentiana clusii, often called by the same common name as this species, differs by growing on limy soils. It also has shorter leaves and the flowers have no olive-green stripes.

A depiction of a gentian flower can be seen on the obverse side of Austrian € 0.01 euro coins.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lena Struwe (Editor), Victor A. Albert (Editor), Gentianaceae, Cambridge University Press, 2002; ISBN 0-521-80999-1
  2. ^ "Gentiana acaulis AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 

External links[edit]