Gentiobiose

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Gentiobiose[1]
Gentiobiose
Identifiers
CAS number 554-91-6 YesY
PubChem 441422
ChemSpider 390156 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C12H22O11
Molar mass 342.30 g/mol
Density 1.768 g/mL
Melting point 190 to 195 °C (374 to 383 °F; 463 to 468 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Gentiobiose is a disaccharide composed of two units of D-glucose joined with a β(1->6) linkage. It is a white crystalline solid that is soluble in water or hot methanol. Gentiobiose is incorporated into the chemical structure of crocin, the chemical compound that gives saffron its color. It is a product of the caramelization of glucose. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals (11th ed.), Merck, 1989, p. 4288, ISBN 091191028X 
  2. ^ Sugisawa, Hirqshi; Edo, Hiroshi (1966). "The Thermal Degradation of Sugars I. Thermal Polymerization of Glucose". Journal of Food Science 31 (4): 561. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.1966.tb01905.x.