GeoTIFF is a public domain metadata standard which allows georeferencing information to be embedded within a TIFF file. The potential additional information includes map projection, coordinate systems, ellipsoids, datums, and everything else necessary to establish the exact spatial reference for the file. The GeoTIFF format is fully compliant with TIFF 6.0, so software incapable of reading and interpreting the specialized metadata will still be able to open a GeoTIFF format file.
An alternative to the "inlined" TIFF geospatial metadata is the *.tfw World File sidecar file format which may sit in the same folder as the regular TIFF file to provide very similar functionality to the standard GeoTIFF described here.
- Digital raster graphic
- GDAL - Open source GeoTIFF reader/writer
- Tagged Image File Format (TIFF)
- The *.tfw World File
- Sk. Sazid Mahammad, R. Ramakrishnan, GeoTIFF - A standard image file format for GIS applications. Retrieved on 2010-03-02.
- Ruth, Mike (February 2005). Who owns the GeoTIFF format?. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.
- GeoTIFF web site
- GeoTIFF - A standard image file format for GIS applications Details backwards compatible GeoTIFF extensions to the TIFF file format and header.
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