Geo Storm

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Geo Storm
Geo Storm -- -07-09-2009.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Isuzu Motors
Also called Asüna Sunfire
Isuzu PA Nero (Japan)
Production 1990–1993
Assembly Japan: Fujisawa, Kanagawa
Body and chassis
Class Sport compact
Body style

3-door hatchback
2-door station wagon

2 door coupe
Layout FF layout
Platform GM R platform
Related Isuzu Gemini
(coupe and wagonback)
Isuzu Piazza
Isuzu Impulse
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 5-speed manual
  • 3-speed Jatco F3A automatic
  • 4-speed Jatco F403E automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 96.5 in (2,451 mm)
Length Base 1990–91: 163.4 in (4150 mm)
1990–91 GSi: 163.9 in (4163 mm)
1992–93: 164 in (4165 mm)
Width 66.7 in (1,694 mm)
Height 51.1 in (1,298 mm)
Curb weight 2,282 lb (1,035 kg)
Chronology
Predecessor Geo Spectrum

The Geo Storm is a sport compact car manufactured by Isuzu and sold in the United States by General Motors from 1990 through 1993 as part of GM's Geo line of inexpensive automobiles. The same vehicles, with minor variations, were sold in Canada in the 1992 and 1993 model years only. The Storm was intended to be a budget car with the look and feel of a sports car. It can be considered to have replaced the related Geo Spectrum, which was sold in hatchback and sedan, although it was only sold in two-door hatchback and station wagon forms.

The Geo Storm was a rebadged version of the sporty, second generation Isuzu Impulse minus some of that car's more expensive features. The Storm was sold in Japan as the PA Nero and related Gemini Coupe, Impulse.[1] The Storm lacked the Impulse's Lotus-tuned suspension as well as the Impulse's optional turbocharger and all-wheel drive drivetrain. Although they were essentially the same car, sales of the Storm were much stronger than those of the Impulse—indeed, the Storm sold better than most small GM cars of that era. Slow sales of the Isuzu version doomed the Storm when the Isuzu Impulse was canceled, the Geo Storm derivative had nothing to be built from, meaning both cars were discontinued in 1993. As of 2010, there were only 40,300 Storms registered for road use.[2]

The Storm was manufactured at Isuzu's main plant in Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan. The Storm and Impulse were sold in Canada by GM as the Asüna Sunfire.

Versions[edit]

The most common body style for the Storm was a three-door hatchback. The 1990 and 1991 hatchbacks were produced in two trim packages, but all Storms shared front disc and rear drum brakes and had an anti-sway bar to tighten the front suspension. The base model was priced at $10,390, and the GSi was $11,650 .USD[3]

1992 Geo Storm Wagonback
Rear view of a 1991 Wagonback

The base model's SOHC inline-four engine produced 95 hp (71 kW) and had a 9.1:1 compression ratio.[3] The more powerful 1990–1991 GSi used a 1.6L DOHC engine that produced 130 hp (97 kW) and had a 9.8:1 compression ratio.[3] The GSi package also included driving lights, a spoiler, a rear anti-sway bar, and a transmission with a gear ratio that was slightly better for acceleration[4] than the base model's manual transmission.

For 1991 and 1992, customers had the option of purchasing a two-door station wagon body style, also called a wagonback. The base price of the station wagon was $11,450, and it was never offered with the stronger GSi engine. The station wagon was marketed as a "hatchback" and the normal Storm – a more traditional hatchback – was marketed as a "coupé".[5]

In 1992, the Storm was restyled to have a smoother front fascia without the pop-up headlight covers on earlier models. The 1992–93 base models retained the same engine, features, and price that were on the earlier car, with slight interior changes such as different stereos, revised rear speaker locations, and interior trim and upholstery. The GSi version from these years cost considerably more ($13,645–14,560) but this price included a larger 1.8 L 140 hp (104 kW) engine.

The Japanese were also offered the Geo Storm version of the Piazza, called the Piazza PA Nero, which was exclusive to Japanese dealerships called Yanase Co., Ltd. under special arrangement, a dealership that sold GM products in Japan.

Performance[edit]

1990 Geo Storm GSi hatchback in autocross

Modern sport compacts have faster acceleration and better handling, but the performance figures for the Storm were quite respectable for an economical compact car from that era. Autoweek's 1990 review of the Storm was titled "Slick, Quick And Inexpensive", and described the car as "a good performer" that "handles better than the average new car."[6] When Road & Track compared ten sport compact cars they said the Storm had "the highest skidpad rating (0.85 g), sticks like pine tar to the autocross course, is second-quickest through the slalom and stops shorter from 80 mph (130 km/h) than many highly respected sports cars".[7]

Skid pad test figures ranged from 0.81 g[3] to 0.85 g,[7] meeting or exceeding those of the Mazda RX-7 convertible.[3] Sport Compact Car listed the Storm as number three in their "Top Ten of 1992".[8] Hot Rod Magazine's Jeff Smith drove a Geo Storm that was set up for SCCA Super Production[9] racing and declared it to be "every bit as demanding and fun" as racing a Trans-Am series car.[10]

Two different Geo Storm Celebrity Races[11] were held in 1991, the first on July 13 in Des Moines, Iowa, and the second on August 24 in Denver, Colorado. Although they are not the most common type of race cars, modified Storms are still occasionally used to compete in road racing, drag racing and autocross. One of the 2003 entries in the Grassroots Motorsports Challenge was a Storm GSi.[12]

Model 0-60 mph Top speed
1990 "hatchback" wagon[5] 10.0 seconds 108 mph (174 km/h)
1990 GSi[3] 8.0 seconds 130 mph (210 km/h)
1992 GSi[13] 7.1 seconds 125 mph (201 km/h)

Reviews[edit]

Isuzu PA Nero (Japan)

The Storm sold well and was popular with owners, despite getting mixed reviews from automotive magazines. The body styling was "mildly controversial".[6] Kevin Smith of Car and Driver used phrases like "Planet Zarkon" and "space-capsulish" to describe the body, which he listed as one of the best and worst features of the Storm.[14] AutoWeek said that college-aged people tended to "shower the Storm with attention", but that baby boomers tended to "think that at best, the Storm is unusual looking, at worst, odd."[6]

The shape of the body was not the only thing automotive journalists criticized. The engine was described as a "buzzbomb"[3] or "just plain noisy".[6] A few reviewers disliked the suspension, saying the Storm has "above average body lean and needs more rebound control".[6] Some complained about the small cargo area, visibility and the absence of headroom for backseat passengers.[7]

Other aspects of the Storm were more popular with magazine test drivers. Many praised the wide power band of the engine. AutoWeek said, "It revs quickly and easily. Running up to the 7600 rpm redline can be a delight."[6] Automobile Magazine liked the handling, saying, "It's a delight to negotiate twisty...roads with its firm yet compliant suspension."

Year to year changes[edit]

  • 1991: A "hatchback" (station wagon/wagonback) model was added, other than that, the Storm carried on unchanged.[3]
  • 1992: All three models of the Storm received a new headlight cluster (with narrow sealed-beam halogen headlamps also seen in that year's Pontiac Grand Prix GTP), tail lights, and front clip. Base models received a new rear bumper treatment. Instrument panel and gauge graphics were also slightly revised. The GSi version received a new spoiler and a larger DOHC engine which offered 10 extra hp.[7]
  • 1993: The wagonback was dropped, and the center console was fitted with a double-DIN radio. The hp rating of the base model dropped from 95 to 90 because of a camshaft redesign to allow more torque, creating a peppier engine.[15]

Overall, there were six versions of the Storm; the GSi, station wagon and base models were all produced with both the original flip-up lights design and with the smoother look of the 1992 to 1993 model years.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of the Gemini series of cars from Isuzu.
  2. ^ "Registered Storms as of 2010". Isuzone.org. July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-11. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Geo Storm GSi. (includes related articles) (evaluation). John Phillips III, Larry Griffin, Nicholas Bissoon-Dath and David Kunkler. Car and Driver v35.n11 (May 1990): pp61(5). (2378 words)
  4. ^ Geo Storm Specifications
  5. ^ a b Geo Storm Hatchback. (evaluation). Phil Berg. Car and Driver v36.n10 (April 1991): pp165(2). (836 words)
  6. ^ a b c d e f Slick, Quick and Inexpensive, Autoweek, April 16, 1990 (includes their own review, as well as quotes from owners and from the staff of other magazines like Motortrend, Car and Driver, and Automobile magazines.)
  7. ^ a b c d "Little squirts: ten sporty point-and-shoot cars for a price that won't soak you. (includes related rating information from six reader/testers) (Evaluation). Kott, Douglas. Road & Track 44.n9 (May 1993): 56(12).
  8. ^ "Top Ten of 1992; #3 Geo Storm". Alan Paradise. Sport Compact Car. August 1992. P. 27-28.
  9. ^ SpeedWorld's explanation of Super Production cars and the World Escort Challenge
  10. ^ Storm Warning; Customizing Chevrolet Geo Storms for Racing. Jeff Smith. Hot Rod. November 1991. P. 60-62.
  11. ^ Information on Geo Storm Celebrity Races
  12. ^ photos from the 2003 GRM challenge
  13. ^ The Bonsai GTs. (comparison test of the Nissan NX2000, Geo Storm GSi and Mazda MX-3 GS) (includes article on the retirement of the Honda CRX) (evaluation). Richard Ceppos. Car and Driver v37.n5 (Nov 1991): pp112(7). (1941 words) From Professional Collection.
  14. ^ "Eleven for thirteen. (quality sports cars under $13,000) (evaluation)." Smith, Kevin. Car and Driver 35.n12 (June 1990): 46(13)
  15. ^ Consumerguide review on the Geo Storm
  16. ^ This site has pictures of all storm versions


External links[edit]

Racing[edit]