Geoanna

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Career (US)
Cost: $120,000[1]
Launched: 1934[2]
Acquired: 1 February 1942 (US Navy)
3 September 1943 (US Army)
In service: 19 February 1942—28 August 1943 (US Navy)
3 September 1943—1945 (US Army)
Fate: Undergoing restoration in the Philippines in the year 2000.[3][4]
General characteristics
Length: 111 ft 6 in (33.99 m)
Beam: 22 ft 6 in (6.86 m)
Draft: 14 ft 9 in (4.50 m)
Speed: 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph)

Geoanna was a steel auxiliary schooner built in 1934 by Craig Shipbuilding Company in Long Beach, California.[2] Geoanna was requisitioned during World War II for service briefly with the U.S. Navy before transfer to the U.S. Army for Southwest Pacific operation for the duration.

Pre War[edit]

When requisitioned the yacht was the property of the Seven-Up Bottling Co. of Los Angeles. The company had bought the vessel from the original owner in 1938 for $60,000 and made some updates at additional cost before requisition. Geoanna was requisitioned 1 February 1942 for war service by the United States Maritime Commission. The War Shipping Administration had set a just value of $20,000, of which $15,000 was paid.[1]

World War II[edit]

On 1 February 1942 the vessel was acquired by the U.S. Navy from the Maritime Commission and placed in service 19 February 1942 as the unclassified miscellaneous vessel Geoanna (IX-61).[2] Geoanna was never commissioned and thus never bore the USS designation.[5] The vessel was assigned to the 11th Naval District performing miscellaneous duties for Port Director, San Pedro, California. On 2 July 1943 Geoanna was turned over to the United States Coast Guard for service as a Coast Guard operational training ship until being redelivered to the Maritime Commission by the Navy 28 August 1943.[2]

The U.S. Army acquired Geoanna on 3 September 1943 for service in the Southwest Pacific Area.[4] That command modified the vessel as a communications ship for use by the Signal Corps. On 12 December 1943 the ship became part of the Army operated radio communication fleet joining the other sailing ships Volador and the previously operating, Australian registered vessels, Harold and Argosy Lamal. A crew of mixed Army, Navy and Australian civilian personnel operated these predecessors of the CP, or Command Post, ships in the Port Moresby, Woodlark and Laee-Salamau areas.[6][7] Geoanna was given the Army designation of TP-249.[8] The ship served as a communications relay during operations of the Western New Guinea campaign into the Moluccas through landings at Tacloban in the Philippines.[9]

Post war[edit]

After the war in Seven-Up Bottling Co. of Los Angeles, Inc., V. United States the United States Court of Claims set the yacht's value at $30,000 when requisitioned and ordered payment of the additional $15,000.[1] The ship remained in the Philippines after the war, was reportedly undergoing restoration and subject of additional lawsuits as late as 2009.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Court of Claims (December 2, 1946). "Seven-Up Bottling Co. of Los Angeles, Inc., V. United States.". Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Geoanna". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "Signal Corps; Later News of These Ships". Army Ships -- The Ghost Fleet. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Geoanna (IX-61) / USA Ship TP-249". NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive. 30 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Ship Naming in the United States Navy". Navy History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  6. ^ Thompson, George Raynor; Harris, Dixie R. (1966). The Technical Services—The Signal Corps: The Outcome (Mid-1943 Through 1945). United States Army In World War II. Washington, DC: Center Of Military History, United States Army. pp. 262–265. LCCN 64060001. 
  7. ^ Grover, David (1987). U.S. Army Ships and Watercraft of World War II. Naval Institute Press. p. 146. ISBN 0-87021-766-6. LCCN 87015514. 
  8. ^ Lunney, Bill; Finch, Frank (1995). Forgotten Fleet: a history of the part played by Australian men and ships in the U.S. Army Small Ships Section in New Guinea, 1942-1945. Medowie, NSW, Australia: Forfleet Publishing. p. 136. ISBN 0646260480. LCCN 96150459. 
  9. ^ Gerard Viracola Sr. "SS Geoanna TP-249 Army Communications Ship". AboutWW2.com. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  10. ^ Stephen S. Roberts. "Small IX: Auxiliary Schooners etc. (1)". ShipScribe. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 

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