Geography of Aberdeen

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City of Aberdeen council area

Aberdeen, Scotland is a city located between the River Dee and the River Don.

Climate[edit]

Exposed Aberdeen is noted for its biting winds and driving rain, which sweep in from the North Sea, the mean temperature is 8 °C (47 °F) and it varies between an average low of 5 °C (41 °F) and 11 °C (52 °F). In summer (June - August) the average high is 16 °C (63 °F) and average low 9 °C (49 °F). In winter (December - February) the average high is 6 °C (43 °F) and average low 0 °C (33 °F).

The average yearly precipitation is 753 millimetres (29.7 in), with 64 millimetres (2.5 in) in summer (June - August) and 62 millimetres (2.5 in) in winter (December - February). The wettest months are October and November.

Demographics[edit]

Education: Educationally Aberdeen has a higher student rate than the national average of 11.5% compared with 7% nationally.[1]

Household: In the household, there were 97,013 individual dwellings recorded in the city of which 61% were privately owned, 9% privately rented and 23% rented from the council. The most popular type of dwellings are apartments which have 49% of residences followed by semi-detached at just below 22%.[2]

Income The average income of a household in the city is £16,813[3] (2005) which places about 18% households in the city below the poverty line (defined as 60% of the mean income).

Aberdeen demographics (source data: Visit of Britain)

Population: In 1396 the population was about 3,000. By 1801 it had become 26,992; in 1841 it was 63,262; (1891) 121,623; (1901) 153,503; (1941) 182,467.[4] In 2001 it UK census records the Aberdeen City Council areas population at 212,125,[5] but the Aberdeen locality's population at 184,788.[6] The latest official population estimate, published by the General Register for Scotland for 2005, is 202,370.[6]

The population density of Aberdeen is 2819 persons per square mile (1,089 km²).[7]

Data from the Aberdeen specific locality of the 2001 UK census shows that the demographics include a median male age of 35 and female age of 38 which are younger than Scotland's average and a 49% to 51% male to female ratio.[5]

It also showed that there are less young people in Aberdeen, with 16.4% under 16, opposed to the national average of 19.2%.[8] Ethnically, 15.7% were born outside of Scotland, higher than the national average of 12.9%. Of this population 8.4% were born in England.[8] 3% of Aberdonians are considered to be from an ethnic minority (non-white), with 0.7% from the Indian-subcontinent and 0.6% Asian.[8]

Religion: The last census revealed that Aberdeen is the least religious city in Scotland, with nearly 43% of people claiming to have no religion.[8]

Topography[edit]

Aberdeen extends to 71.22 square miles (184.46 km²), and includes the former burghs of Old Aberdeen, New Aberdeen, Woodside and the Royal Burgh of Torry to the south of River Dee. The city is built on many hills, with the original beginnings of the city growing from Castle Hill, St. Catherine's Hill and Windmill Hill (also known as the Gallowgate).[9]

Reference tables[edit]

Temperature[edit]


Average (unless stated) / Month Average Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
High temperature Celsius (°F) 11 (52) 5 (42) 6 (43) 7 (46) 10 (50) 12 (55) 15 (60) 17 (64) 17 (64) 15 (59) 11 (53) 8 (47) 6 (44)
Low temperature Celsius (°F) 5 (41) 0 (32) 0 (33) 1 (35) 2 (37) 5 (42) 8 (47) 10 (51) 10 (50) 7 (46) 5 (42) 2 (37) 1 (35)
Highest recorded temp. Celsius (°F) Highest ever: 27 (82) 17 (63) 17 (63) 20 (68) 23 (74) 24 (76) 26 (79) 27 (82) 27 (82) 24 (76) 21 (70) 16 (62) 15 (60)
Lowest recorded temp. Celsius (°F) Lowest ever: -18 (-2) -18 (-2) -15 (5) -11 (12) -3 (25) -3 (26) -0 (33) 2 (37) 0 (32) -2 (28) -3 (25) -15 (5) -13 (7)
Dew points Celsius (°F) year: 5 (41) 0.5 (33) 0.5 (33) 1.6 (35) 2.8 (37) 5.6 (42) 8.3 (47) 10.6 (51) 10.6 (51) 8.3 (47) 6.1 (43) 2.8 (37) 1.6 (35)
Source: Washington Post Weather, Weatherbase (dew points)

Precipitation[edit]


Average / Month Average Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation millimetres (in) 62 (2.5) / year: 753 (29.7) 63 (2.5) 50 (2.0) 53 (2.1) 48 (1.9) 53 (2.1) 50 (2.0) 71 (2.8) 71 (2.8) 63 (2.5) 76 (3.0) 78 (3.1) 73 (2.9)
Number of rain days 23.75 / year: 285 22 20 23 25 19 23 24 22 23 24 24 26
Highest rec. rainfall millimetres (in) ever: 269 (10.6) 157 (6.2) 129 (5.1) 132 (5.2 155 (6.1) 153 (6) 122 (4.8) 198 (7.8) 178 (7) 193 (7.6) 198 (7.8) 269 (10.6) 244 (9.4)
Lowest rec. rainfall millimetres (in) ever: 5 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 2.5 (0.1) 5 (0.2) 12 (0.5) 12 (0.5) 0 (0) 15 (0.6) 7.6 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 12 (0.5)
Sources: Washington Post Weather (precipitation), Interhome (rain days), Weatherbase (highest and lowest precipitation)

Other Data[edit]


Average (unless stated) / Month Average Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sunshine hours 114.4 / year: 1372.5 53 74.6 113.2 147.6 175.8 174.3 158.7 154.1 117.3 95.8 63.3 45
Humidity morning / afternoon (%) 87 / 75 / day: 85 85 / 81 86 / 77 86 / 72 87 / 70 88 / 71 87 / 72 88 / 72 90 / 72 88 / 73 88 / 78 86 / 80 85 / 82
Wind miles per hour (km/h) 12 (20) 14 (24) 12 (20) 13 (22) 11 (18) 11 (18) 11 (18) 10 (16) 10 (16) 11 (18) 12 (20) 13 (22) 12 (20)
Sealevel pressure millibars 1011.4 1009.2 1011.1 1010.9 1012.6 1014.6 1014.7 1012.8 1011.9 1012.2 1010.3 1009.3 1007.7
Station level pressure millibars 1004.4 1000.2 1005.6 1002.0 1007.6 1006.4 1007.4 1006.8 1006.6 1004.5 1003.1 1002.0 1000.6
Days with fog year: 113 7 7 8 9 13 12 12 13 9 10 6 7
Days with thunderstorms year: 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
Sources: Washington Post Weather (humidity and wind), Met Office (sunshine hours), World Climate (sea and station level pressures), Weatherbase (thunderstorms and fog)

Population Data[edit]


Year 1396 1801 1841 1891 1901 1921 1941 1961 1981 2001 2005 (est)
Population 3,000 26,992 63,262 121,623 153,503 171,709 182,467 205,969 199,770 212,125 202,370[6]
Source: Vision of Britain


Age range of population (years) 0-4 5-15 16-29 30-44 45-59 60-74 75 and over
Percentage (Aberdeen / Scotland average) 4.6 (5.47) 11.16 (13.73) 23.66 (17.46) 22.48 (22.97) 17.61 (19.29) 13.20 (13.98) 7.28 (7.09)
Source: Scotland's Census 2001

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comparative Education Profile: Aberdeen City Council Area, Scotland". Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  2. ^ "Comparative Household Profile: Aberdeen City Council Area, Scotland". Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  3. ^ Aberdeen City Council. "Low Income Households in Aberdeen". Retrieved 2007-03-12. 
  4. ^ "Aberdeen Population". Retrieved 2007-02-19. 
  5. ^ a b "Comparative Population Profile: Aberdeen City Council Area, Scotland". Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  6. ^ a b c "Comparative Population Profile: Aberdeen Locality, Scotland". Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  7. ^ General Register for Scotland. "Land Area and Population Density". Retrieved 2007-03-12. 
  8. ^ a b c d Aberdeen City Council. "2001 Census: Key Statistics - Aberdeen City". Retrieved 2007-02-28. 
  9. ^ "Aberdeen City". The Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2007-02-20. 

External links[edit]