Geography of Andhra Pradesh

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Topographic map

Andhra Pradesh lies between 12°41' and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40'E longitude, and is bordered by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Telangana and Orissa in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the East, Tamil Nadu to the south and Karnataka to the west. Among the other states, which are situated on the country's coastal area, Andhra Pradesh has got a coastline of around 972 km. that makes it possess the 3rd longest coastline in the nation.[1] Two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna run across the state. A small enclave 12 sq mi (30 km²), the Yanam district of Puducherry, lies in the Godavari Delta in the north east of the state. The state includes the eastern part of Deccan plateau as well as a considerable part of the Eastern Ghats.

Historically the region comprising the state was known as Andhraapatha, Andhradesa, Andhraavani, and Andhra vishaya.[2]

Climate[edit]

Andhra Pradesh Climate is generally hot and humid. The summer season in this state, generally, stretches from the month of March to June. During these months the moisture level is quite high. The coastal areas have got comparatively high temperature than the other parts of the state. In summer, temperature generally ranges between 20C and 40C. At certain places the temperature is as high as 45 degrees on a summer day.

The summer is followed by the monsoon season, which starts during July and continues till September. This is the season for tropical rains in Andhra Pradesh. The state receives heavy rainfall during these months. The major role in determining the climate of the state is played by South-West Monsoons. About one third of the total rainfall in Andhra Pradesh is brought by the North- East Monsoons around the month of October in the state.

The winters in Andhra Pradesh are pleasant. This is the time when the state attracts most of its tourists. October - February are the winter months in Andhra Pradesh. Since, the state has a reasonably long coastal belt, the winters are not much cold. The range of winter temperature is generally 13C to 30C.

One needs to be well prepared with summer clothes in order to tour the state during the summer months. Andhra Pradesh Climate does not permit all sort of clothing. Cotton clothes are best suitable to cope with the Climate of Andhra Pradesh.

Divisions[edit]

Andhra Pradesh Districts Map

Andhra Pradesh can be divided into two regions, namely Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema.[3]

Andhra Pradesh has 13 districts: Anantapur, Chittoor, Kadapa, East Godavari, Guntur, Krishna, Kurnool, Sri Potti Sreeramulu Nellore, Prakasam, Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and West Godavari.

Anantapur is the largest district of the state and the 7th largest district in India with an area of 19130 km2.

Each district is divided into multiple mandals and each mandal has many villages.

Visakhapatnam is the largest city in the state followed by Vijayawada. Other important cities and towns are: Kakinada, Guntur, Rajahmundry, Tirupati, Nellore, Ongole, Kurnool and Eluru.

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]