Geography of Andhra Pradesh
||This article needs attention from an expert in Geography. (November 2008)|
|Geography of Andhra Pradesh
|Established||November 1, 1956|
|• Governor||E. S. L. Narasimhan|
|• Chief Minister||N.Kiran Kumar Reddy|
|• Total||275,045 km2 (106,195 sq mi)|
|• Density||307.8/km2 (797/sq mi)|
|• Official||Telugu, Hindi, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-AP|
|No. of districts||23|
|Climate||Aw, BSh (Köppen)|
Andhra Pradesh (Telugu: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్) ( pronunciation (help·info), translation: Province of Andhras), abbreviated A.P., is a state situated on the south-eastern coast of India. It is India's fourth largest state by area and fifth largest by population. Its capital and largest city is Hyderabad. The state has the second longest coastline (972 km) among all the states of India, the longest coastline being that of Gujarat (1600 km).
Andhra Pradesh lies between 12°41' and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40'E longitude, and is bordered by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the East, Tamil Nadu to the south and Karnataka to the west. Andhra Pradesh is historically called the "Rice Bowl of India". More than 77% of its crop is rice. Two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna run across the state. A small enclave (12 sq mi (30 km²)), the Yanam district of Puducherry, lies in the Godavari Delta in the north east of the state.
Historically the region comprising the state was known as Andhraapatha, Andhradesa, Andhraavani, and Andhra vishaya. Andhra Pradesh was formed from Andhra State on 1 November 1956.
|Andhra Pradesh State Symbols|
|State language||Telugu (తెలుగు)|
|State symbol||Poorna Kumbham (పూర్ణకుంభం)|
|State song||Maa Telugu Thalliki (మా తెలుగు తల్లికి మల్లె పూదండ)|
|State animal||Black Buck, (కృష్ణ జింక)|
|State bird||Indian Roller, (పాల పిట్ట)|
|State tree||Neem (వేప)|
|State sport||Kabaddi (కబ్బడి)|
|State dance||Kuchipudi (కూచిపూడి)|
|State flower||Water lily (కలువ పువ్వు)|
Geography and climate
Andhra Pradesh Climate is generally hot and humid. The major role in determining the climate of the state is played by South- West Monsoons. But the winters in Andhra Pradesh are pleasant. This is the time when the state attracts most of its tourists.
Summers in Andhra Pradesh last from the month of March to June. During these months the moisture level is quite high. In the coastal plain the summer temperatures are generally higher than the rest of the state. In summer temperature generally ranges between 20C and 40C At certain places the temperature as high as 45 degrees on a summer day.
July to September is the season for tropical rains in Andhra Pradesh. The state receives heavy rainfall during these months. About one third of the total rainfall in Andhra Pradesh is brought by the North- East Monsoons. Sometime around the month of October winter arrives in the state. October, November, December, January and February are the winter months in Andhra Pradesh. Since the state has a reasonably long coastal belt the winters are not much cold. The range of winter temperature is generally 13C to 30C.
You need to be well prepared with summer clothes in order to tour the state during the summer months. Andhra Pradesh Climate does not permit all sort of clothing. Cotton clothes are best suitable to cope with the Climate of Andhra Pradesh.
Since the Andhra Pradesh Climate is not much favorable during the major part of the year, so October to February is the best time to visit the state.
Andhra Pradesh has 23 districts: Anantapur, Chittoor, Kadapa, East Godavari, Guntur, Krishna, Kurnool, Sri Potti Sreeramulu Nellore, Prakasam, Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram,West Godavari, Medak, Rangareddy, Karimnagar, Warangal, Khammam, Hyderabad, Adilabad, Nalgonda, Nizamabad and Mahabubnagar Anantapur is the largest district of the state and the 7th largest district in India with an area of 19130 km2 2.
Each district is divided into multiple mandals and each mandal is a group of a few villages.
Hyderabad, along with the adjoining twin city Secunderabad, is the largest city in the TG state. Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh's main seaport, is the largest city of the state and is home to the Indian Navy's Eastern Naval Command. Vijayawada due to its location and proximity to major rail and road routes is a major trading center and the second largest city of the state. Other important cities and towns are:Kakinada, Guntur, Tirupati, Rajahmundry, Nellore, Ongole, Kurnool, Anantapur, and Eluru.
- ":: Citizen Help". APOnline. 1956-11-01. Retrieved 2009-03-03.
- A Study of Telugu Place-names By S. S. Ramachandra Murthy, P. 10
- AP Cabinet approves four regional planning boards.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geography of Andhra Pradesh.|
- Official website of the Government of Andhra Pradesh
- Andhra Pradesh Government Tourism Department
- Andhra Pradesh Portal at NIC website
- Official website of State Police of Andhra Pradesh