Geography of Andhra Pradesh

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Topographic map.

Andhra Pradesh lies between 12°41' and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40'E longitude, and is bordered by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Telangana and Orissa in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the East, Tamil Nadu to the south and Karnataka to the west. Among the other states, which are situated on the country's coastal area, Andhra Pradesh has got a coastline of around 972 km, which gives it the 3rd longest coastline in the nation.[1] Two major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna run across the state. A small enclave 12 sq mi (30 km²), the Yanam district of Puducherry, lies in the Godavari Delta in the north east of the state. The state includes the eastern part of Deccan plateau as well as a considerable part of the Eastern Ghats.

Historically the region comprising the state was known as Andhraapatha, Andhradesa, Andhraavani, and Andhra vishaya.[2]

Climate[edit]

The climate of Andhra Pradesh is generally hot and humid. The summer season in this state generally extends from March to June. During these months the moisture level is quite high. The coastal areas have higher temperatures than the other parts of the state. In summer, the temperature generally ranges between 20 °C and 40 °C. At certain places the temperature is as high as 45 degrees on a summer day.

The summer is followed by the monsoon season, which starts during July and continues till September. This is the season for heavy tropical rains in Andhra Pradesh. The major role in determining the climate of the state is played by South-West Monsoons. About one third of the total rainfall in Andhra Pradesh is brought by the North-East Monsoons around the month of October in the state.

The winters in Andhra Pradesh are pleasant. This is the time when the state attracts most of its tourists. October to February are the winter months in Andhra Pradesh. Since the state has quite a long coastline,[1] the winters are comparatively mild. The range of winter temperatures is generally from 13 °C to 30 °C.

Locals and tourists generally find that cotton summer clothes are best suited to coping with the climate of Andhra Pradesh.

Divisions[edit]

Map of the districts of Andhra Pradesh.

Andhra Pradesh can be divided into two regions, namely Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema.[3]

Andhra Pradesh has 13 districts: Anantapur, Chittoor, Kadapa, East Godavari, Guntur, Krishna, Kurnool, Sri Potti Sreeramulu Nellore, Prakasam, Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and West Godavari.

Anantapur is the largest district of the state and the 7th largest district in India with an area of 19130 km2.

Each district is divided into multiple mandals, and each mandal has many villages.

Visakhapatnam is the largest city in the state followed by Vijayawada. Other important cities and towns are Kakinada, Guntur, Rajahmundry, Tirupati, Nellore, Ongole, Kurnool and Eluru.

New capital[edit]

After Telangana was created on 2 June 2014, Andhra Pradesh's erstwhile capital Hyderabad remained in Telangana. Although Hyderabad was set to remain the joint capital of both states for ten years, the search for a new capital began almost at once. Much early speculation focused on the area of Vijayawada-Guntur-Tenali-Mangalagiri (VGTM),[4][5][6] which offered advantages in terms of infrastructure and available land.[7][8][9] Other candidate cities began touting their advantages, including the cosmopolitan port city of Visakhapatnam, the old capital Kurnool, Tirupati (a centre of pilgrimage), Ongole (with its central location and large tracts of publicly owned land), Nellore and the cultural centre of Rajahmundry,[10] all of which were said by union minister Jairam Ramesh to be under official consideration.[11] According to urban development minister Venkaiah Naidu, the new capital would likely grow into a medium-sized city, and its development would depend upon planning and resources from the Centre rather than just the state.[6] On 4 September 2014, Chandrababu Naidu (TDP Chief Minister of residual Andhra Pradesh) announced that the new capital would indeed be in the area of VGTM, confirming rumours that had already prompted a boom in real estate sales in the fertile area.[12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Andhra Pradesh Information". Centre for Coastal Zone Management and Coastal Shelter Belt. 2014-09-04. Retrieved 2014-09-26. 
  2. ^ S. S. Ramachandramurthy (1995). A Study of Telugu Place-Names. Delhi: Agam Kala Prakashan. p. 10. 
  3. ^ AP Cabinet approves four regional planning boards.
  4. ^ Sumit Bhattacharjee (2014-03-22). "Mangalagiri the capital for Seemandhra?". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  5. ^ "Venkaiah Drops Hints about AP Capital". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  6. ^ a b "Seemandhra capital won’t be big as Hyderabad: Venkaiah Naidu - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2014-06-01. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  7. ^ Sumit Bhattacharjee (2013-10-29). "‘VGTM region ideal place for capital’". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  8. ^ "‘VGTM region the best bet’". The Hindu. 2014-03-01. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  9. ^ "Is Guntur-Vijayawada region for capital a wise choice by TDP? - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2014-05-31. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  10. ^ Ravi Reddy (2013-08-08). "Six cities in race for new Seemandhra capital". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  11. ^ "Capital Quest to Begin in May, End in September". New Indian Express. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  12. ^ Uma Sudhir (2014-09-04). "Yes, It's Vijayawada. Andhra Pradesh Has a New Capital". NDTV. Retrieved 2014-09-26. 

External links[edit]