Geography of French Guiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Geographic map of French Guiana

French Guiana is an overseas region of France, located on the northern coast of South America between Suriname and Brazil.

Location[edit]

Northern South America and part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname

Geographic coordinates[edit]

4°00′N 53°00′W / 4.000°N 53.000°W / 4.000; -53.000

Map references[edit]

South America

Area[edit]

total: 91,000 km²
land: 89,150 km²
water: 1,850 km²

Land boundaries[edit]

total: 1,183 km
border countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km (disputed)
Coastline: 378 km

Maritime claims[edit]

exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi) territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)

Climate[edit]

Tropical; hot,

Terrain[edit]

low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains, see Guiana Shield

Elevation extremes[edit]

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m
other mountains: Montaigne d'Argent, on the edge of Oiapoque river regions: 432 m

Natural resources[edit]

bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish, [shrimp], rice, bananas.

Land use[edit]

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
permanent pastures: 0%
forests and woodland: 0%
other: 10% (1996 est.)
irrigated land: 20 km² (1993 est.)
natural hazards: high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding
environment - current issues: NA
geography - note: mostly an unsettled wilderness