Geography of Kosovo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kosovo map-en.svg
Continent Europe
Subregion Balkan
Area 10,887 km²
Largest city by population and area Pristina
Land boundaries 700.7 km
Countries bordered Albania 111.8 km,
Macedonia 158.7 km,
Montenegro 78.6 km,
Serbia 351.6 km
Highest point Đeravica, 2,656 m
Longest river White Drin, 122 km
Largest inland body of water Lake Gazivoda 9.1 km²
Terrain: Mountains, hills, 2 large plains

Kosovo is situated in the Balkans, Europe. At an area of 10,887 km2 (4,203 sq mi), it accommodates a population of roughly 2 million.


Main article: Climate of Kosovo

Kosovo is located between the Mediterranean Sea and mountainous regions of Southeast Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. This geographic location gives the country its large annual temperature range. Summer temperature highs can reach +30 °C (86 °F), winter's temperatures as low as −10 °C (14 °F).[1] According to the Strahler classification map the climate in Kosovo is considered moist continental.[2] The country experiences warm summers and cold and snowy winters.

Mountains and mountain ranges[edit]

See: List of mountains in Kosovo

Much of Kosovo's terrain is mountainous. The Šar Mountains are located in the south and south-east, bordering the Republic of Macedonia. This is one of the region's most popular tourist and skiing resorts, with Brezovica and Prevalac as the main tourist centres. The region of Kosovo's mountainous area, including the highest peak Đeravica, at 2,656 m (8,714 ft) above sea level, is located in the south-west, bordering Albania.

The Kopaonik mountains are located in the north. The central region of Drenica, Crnoljeva and the eastern part of Kosovo, known as Goljak, are mainly hilly areas.

Bodies of water[edit]

Although Kosovo is landlocked, there are several notable rivers and lakes within its borders. The main rivers are the White Drin, running towards the Adriatic Sea, with the Erenik among its tributaries, the Sitnica, the South Morava in the Goljak area, and Ibar in the north. The main lakes are Gazivoda Lake (380 million m³) in the north-western part, Radoniq lake (113 million m³) in the south-west part, Batlava Lake (40 million m³) and Badovc Lake (26 million m³) in the north-east part. Other smaller scenic lakes include Zemra Lake, Đeravica Lake and Liqenat Lake. Kosovo is also home to the following waterfalls:

In the Bifurcation of Nerodimka river, it contains the only example in Europe (and one of only two in the world) where a river divides with the resultant water flows ending up in different seas (the Black Sea and the Aegean)

Rugova Valley and Canyon[edit]

One of Kosovo's most prominent geological features is the Rugova Canyon in the Alpet Shqiptare. The 25 km (16 mi) long canyon near the border with Montenegro was formed by the flow of the Pećka Bistrica. The canyon was declared a Protected National Monument in 1988, and will be included in a proposed Bjeshket e Nemuna/Prokletije National Park, approved by the Kosovo Parliament in 2003.


There are two main plains in Kosovo. The Metohija basin is located in the western part of the Kosovo, and the Plain of Kosovo occupies the eastern part. Between the two basins there is low hills area of Drenica.

The plain of Kosovo is on average higher that the plain of Metohija for about 100 metres (328 ft).

Average height of the plain of Kosovo is 550 m (1,804 ft) and the average height of the plain of Metohija is 450 m (1,476 ft).

Gadime Cave[edit]

Gadime Cave is a cave composed of Paleozoic marble, located in the village of Donje Gadimje on the eastern side of the Kosovo Valley. The northern passage contains displays of aragonite speleothems in a variety of rare formations.[3][4]


  1. ^ Geography
  2. ^ Strahler & Strahler. (2006).Introducing Physical Geography, Boston:John Wiley & Sons Inc.
  3. ^ Mermerna Pecina, Tony Oldham, 2002
  4. ^ Around Kosovo: It's Better to See it Once Than Hear About it 100 Times, Valerii Petrushka

See also[edit]

External links[edit]