Geography of Palau

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Palau-CIA WFB Map.png
Map of Palau and its location in Oceania
Palau map.png

The Republic of Palau consists of eight principal islands and more than 250 smaller ones lying roughly 500 miles southeast of the Philippines. The islands of Palau constitute part of the Caroline Islands chain.

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the North Pacific Ocean, southeast of the Philippines

Geographic coordinates: 7°30′N 134°30′E / 7.500°N 134.500°E / 7.500; 134.500

Map references: Oceania

Area:
total: 459 km²
land: 459 km²
water: 0 km²

Area - comparative: slightly more than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,519 km

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Climate: tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November

Terrain: varying geologically from the high, mountainous main island of Babeldaob to low, coral islands usually fringed by large barrier reefs

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Ngerchelchauus 242 m (on Babeldaob)

Natural resources: forests, minerals (especially gold), marine products, deep-seabed minerals

Land use:
arable land: 2.17%
permanent crops: 4.35%
other: 93.48% (2011)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)

Environment - current issues: inadequate facilities for disposal of solid waste; threats to the marine ecosystem from sand and coral dredging, illegal fishing practices, and overfishing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note: westernmost archipelago in the Caroline chain, consists of six island groups totaling more than 300 islands, includes World War II battleground of Peleliu and world-famous rock islands

Extreme points[edit]

This is a list of the extreme points of Palau, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.

  • *Note: if submerged reefs are included then Velasco reef is Palau's northern-most point
See also : Palau

External links[edit]