Geography of Western Sahara

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Geography of Western Sahara
Westernsaharamap.png
Continent Africa
Region North Africa
Coordinates 24°30′N 13°00′W / 24.500°N 13.000°W / 24.500; -13.000Coordinates: 24°30′N 13°00′W / 24.500°N 13.000°W / 24.500; -13.000
Area Ranked 78th
 • Total 266,000 km2 (103,000 sq mi)
Coastline 1,110 km (690 mi)
Borders 2,046 km
(Algeria 42 km, Mauritania 1,561 km, Morocco 443 km)
Highest point unnamed elevation
805 m
Lowest point Sebjet Tah, -55 m[citation needed]
Satellite image of Western Sahara
Topography of Western Sahara

Western Sahara is a territory in Northern Africa, bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean, Morocco proper, Algeria (Tindouf region), and Mauritania. Geographic coordinates: 24°30′N 13°00′W / 24.500°N 13.000°W / 24.500; -13.000

Size[edit]

Total: 266,060 km², about the size of Colorado

land: 266,000 km²
water: 0 km²

The peninsula in the extreme southwest, with the city of Lagouira, is called Ras Nouadhibou, Cap Blanc, or Cabo Blanco. The eastern side is part of Mauritania.

Maritime claims: contingent upon resolution of sovereignty issue

Land[edit]

Terrain[edit]

The terrain is mostly low, flat desert with large areas of rocky or sandy surfaces rising to small mountains in south and northeast.

Elevation extremes:

Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m[citation needed]
Highest point: unnamed location 805 m

Natural resources[edit]

phosphates, iron ore, fishing resources on Atlantic Ocean coast

Land use[edit]


Arable land: 0.02%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 99.98% (2005)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Natural hazards[edit]

Hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time, often severely restricting visibility. Flash flooding occurs during spring months.

Environment[edit]

Climate[edit]

Hot, dry desert; rain is rare; cold offshore air currents produce fog and heavy dew.

Current issues[edit]

Sparse water and lack of arable land.


Extreme points[edit]

This is a list of the extreme points of Western Sahara, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.

  • *Note: Western Sahara does not have a northern-most point, the border being formed by a straight horizontal line
  • **Note: Western Sahara does not have an eastern-most point, the border being formed by a straight vertical line

External links[edit]

Maps[edit]