Geography of the Pitcairn Islands
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The only inhabited island, Pitcairn, has an area of 5 km2 (1.9 sq mi) and a population density of 10/km²; it is only accessible by boat through Bounty Bay.
The other islands are at a distance of more than 100 km (62 mi). Wikimedia Atlas of the Pitcairn Islands
The inhabited island, Pitcairn, is at 25.04 south, 130.06 west. Pitcairn is about 2,170 kilometres (1,350 mi) southeast of Tahiti, 5,310 kilometres (3,300 mi) from Auckland, New Zealand, and over 6,600 kilometres (4,100 mi) from Panama.
Total: 47 km²
Land: 47 km²
Water: 0 km²
Pitcairn Island is about 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) long and 1.6 kilometres (0.99 mi) wide.
Area - comparative
About 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi
Territorial sea: 3 nmi
Tropical, hot, humid; modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)
Rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs
Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Pawala Valley Ridge 347 m (1,138 ft)
Typhoons (especially November to March)
Environment - current issues
Deforestation (only a small portion of the original forest remains because of burning and clearing for settlement)
Worldwide map services show very little detail of the islands, and are even of limited use to show the location of them with respect to each other and to other islands, because they are so small and far apart. However, Mapquest zoom level 1 is a suitable map to see the location between Peru and New Zealand. See also map showing location of the Pitcairn Islands with respect to other island groups and to continents
- Shadle, Robert (1996). Historical Dictionary of the British Empire. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 890. ISBN 978-0-313-29367-2. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Ntumy, Michael A. (1993). South Pacific islands legal systems. University of Hawaii Press. p. 252. ISBN 978-0-8248-1438-0. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- "Home." Government of the Pitcairn Islands. Retrieved on October 31, 2011.