Geoje

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Geoje
거제시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Geoje-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Kŏje-shi
Okpo-dong
Okpo-dong
Official logo of Geoje
Emblem of Geoje
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Yeongnam
Administrative divisions 9 myeon, 10 dong
Area
 • Total 401.63 km2 (155.07 sq mi)
Population (2009.05)
 • Total 229,500
 • Density 547/km2 (1,420/sq mi)
 • Dialect Gyeongsang

Geoje is a city located in South Gyeongsang province, just off the coast of the port city of Busan, South Korea. Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (former Daewoo Shipyard) in Okpo and Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI) in Gohyeon are both located on Geoje Island. The city also offers a wide range of tourist sights. The city is made up of a number of islands, of which by far the largest is Geoje Island. There are two dong in the city: Okpo-dong and Gohyeon.

History[edit]

In 757, Gyeongdeok of Silla classified the island as "Geoje-gun" (Geoje county). Modern Geoje is classified as a "si" (city). In 1170, Uijong of Goryeo secretly escaped to Geoje when Jung Jungbu raised a rebellion against him, instating his brother, Myeongjong as king. Geoje served as a strategic location in preparation of the naval forces for the Gihae Eastern Expedition (기해동정) of Tsushima Island in 1419 by the Korean general Yi Jong Mu. At the time of the Seven-Year War in 1592, admiral Yi Sun-sin gained a great naval victory against Japanese invaders near the town of Okpo in Geoje. Since then. Yi was referred to by his noble title, "Chung Mu Gong," which roughly translates into English as "Earner of Great National Respect."

In the Korean War (1950–53), the military government of General Douglas MacArthur used the island as a place for the settlement for 170,000 POWs, and a prison war camp measuring at 11.8 square kilometres (4.6 sq mi) was established during these years. After the war, a portion (23,000 m2) was converted into a tourist attraction.[1]

The Geneva Convention of 1949 failed to foresee to the development of hardcore, organized prisoner groups on Geoje-do in 1951-52 or to provide protection for the captor nation in dealing with stubborn resistance, mainly as a result of the harsh treatment that the prisoners received from the military government.

Demographics[edit]

Geoje had a population of 219,500 according to the whitebook published by Geoje City in July 2008. A significant portion of the population depends on shipbuilding to support their livehood, and this can be evidenced by the fact that nearly 33% of workers are employed in the shipbuilding industry.

Tourism[edit]

Geoje offers a variety of attractions, including Oedo (located Template:Convert4 from Geoje), a marine western-style botanical garden in Hallyeo-Haesang National Park, built by Lee Chang-ho and his wife when they settled on the island in 1969.

Tourists also visit Jisim-do for trekking. Jisim is known for its Camellia vegetation. However, the Maemi typhoon in 2003 severely affected the island's plant life. Another popular tourist attraction, Haegeumgang-do (located southeast of Geoje) hosts the Sipja Donggul Cave. Buddhist and Shamanist sculptures can be found in the cave.

Geography[edit]

Geoje city covers an area of 401.63 square kilometres (155.07 sq mi), encompassing Geoje-do (383.44 square kilometres (148.05 sq mi)) and 60 other small islets, of which 10 are inhabited.[2] The main island is joined to land by two bridges from nearby Tongyeong.

Climate[edit]

Geoje experiences a temperate climate, and temperatures reaching below zero degrees Celsius in winter are frequent during December to February. However, the island is kept relatively warm by the influence of warm ocean currents.

Climate data for Geoje (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
9.4
(48.9)
13.2
(55.8)
18.3
(64.9)
22.6
(72.7)
25.5
(77.9)
27.6
(81.7)
29.4
(84.9)
26.4
(79.5)
21.9
(71.4)
15.4
(59.7)
9.7
(49.5)
18.9
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
4.3
(39.7)
8.2
(46.8)
13.2
(55.8)
17.5
(63.5)
21.0
(69.8)
24.3
(75.7)
25.6
(78.1)
21.9
(71.4)
16.6
(61.9)
10.3
(50.5)
4.7
(40.5)
14.2
(57.6)
Average low °C (°F) −1.6
(29.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.2
(37.8)
8.1
(46.6)
12.7
(54.9)
17.0
(62.6)
21.6
(70.9)
22.4
(72.3)
18.1
(64.6)
12.0
(53.6)
5.6
(42.1)
0.3
(32.5)
9.9
(49.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41.0
(1.614)
59.9
(2.358)
113.8
(4.48)
177.0
(6.969)
235.1
(9.256)
269.9
(10.626)
426.4
(16.787)
335.6
(13.213)
200.7
(7.902)
63.6
(2.504)
54.7
(2.154)
29.7
(1.169)
2,007.3
(79.028)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.7 5.3 7.5 9.5 9.1 11.1 14.8 11.5 9.2 4.9 5.4 3.8 96.8
 % humidity 53.6 53.4 56.5 59.0 65.2 71.7 78.1 74.6 70.9 65.2 61.2 55.4 63.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 163.2 178.6 201.3 216.8 232.2 187.2 147.3 183.1 172.5 206.2 165.9 167.9 2,204.9
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[3]

Islands of Geoje city[edit]

  • Geoje (거제도, 巨濟島)
  • Oedo
  • Galgotdo (Haegeumgang)
  • Chilchendo
  • Jisimdo
  • Gajodo
  • Haegando
  • Sandaldo
  • Hawdo

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°51′N 128°35′E / 34.850°N 128.583°E / 34.850; 128.583