Geoje

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Geoje
거제시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Geoje-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Kŏje-shi
Official logo of Geoje
Emblem of Geoje
Nickname(s): Blue City Goeje
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Yeongnam
Administrative divisions 9 myeon, 10 dong
Government
 • Mayor Min Ho Gwon 권민호
Area
 • Total 402.3 km2 (155.3 sq mi)
Population (2013.12)
 • Total 243,736
 • Density 547/km2 (1,420/sq mi)
 • Dialect Gyeongsang
Website Geoje City Website

Geoje is a city located in South Gyeongsang province, just off the coast of the port city of Busan, South Korea. Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (former Daewoo Shipyard) in Okpo and Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI) in Gohyeon are both located on Geoje Island. The city also offers a wide range of tourist sights. The city is made up of a number of islands, of which by far the largest is Geoje Island. There are multiple dong in the city: Jangpyeongdong, Okpo-dong and Gohyeon.

Etymology[edit]

Geoje (from Korean Geoje, meaning "Great Crossing";from Geo (Korean),(Hanja) , meaning "great,large", and je(jae) (Korean),(Hanja) , meaning "crossing,ferry")

History[edit]

In 757, Gyeongdeok of Silla classified the island as "Geoje-gun" "거제" (Geoje county). Modern Geoje is classified as a "si" () (city). In 1170, Uijong of Goryeo secretly escaped to Geoje when Jung Jungbu raised a rebellion against him, instating his brother, Myeongjong as king. Geoje served as a strategic location in preparation of the naval forces for the Gihae Eastern Expedition (기해동정) of Tsushima Island in 1419 by the Korean general Yi Jong Mu. At the time of the Seven-Year War in 1592, admiral Yi Sun-sin gained a great naval victory against Japanese invaders near the town of Okpo in Geoje. Since then. Yi was referred to by his noble title, "Chung Mu Gong," which roughly translates into English as "Earner of Great National Respect."

In the Korean War (1950–53), the military government of General Douglas MacArthur used the island as a place for the settlement for 170,000 POWs, and a prison war camp measuring at 11.8 square kilometres (4.6 sq mi) was established during these years. After the war, a portion (23,000 m2) was converted into a tourist attraction.[1]

The Geneva Convention of 1949 failed to foresee to the development of hardcore, organized prisoner groups on Geoje-do in 1951-52 or to provide protection for the captor nation in dealing with stubborn resistance, mainly as a result of the harsh treatment that the prisoners received from the military government.

Demographics[edit]

According to the whitebook published by Geoje City in May 2014, Geoje had a population of 243,736, 12,240 of which are foreigners (non-Koreans). A significant portion of the population depends on shipbuilding to support their livehood, and this can be evidenced by the fact that nearly 33% of workers are employed in the shipbuilding industry.

Tourism[edit]

Geoje offers a variety of attractions, including Haegeumgang island, Oedo, a marine western-style botanical garden in Hallyeo-Haesang National Park, built by Lee Chang-ho and his wife when they settled on the island in 1969. Vistors visit by ferry boat from the harbor neighboring the islands.

Tourists also visit Jisim-do for trekking. Jisim is known for its Camellia vegetation. However, the Maemi typhoon in 2003 severely affected the island's plant life. Another popular tourist attraction at Haegeumgang-do (located southeast of Geoje) is the Sipja Donggul Cave. Buddhist and Shamanist sculptures can be found in the cave.

Geoje POW Camp[edit]

Geoje POW Camp (거제도포로수용소) was a prisoner of war detention camp for captured North Koreans established during the Korean war from (1951).

Gohyeon Castle[edit]

Geoje Gohyeon Castle

Gohyeon Castle is named the 46th national treasure of South Gyeongsang province. Gohyeon Castle(고현성) and is located in Gohyeondong, Geoje city. It was established during the Joseon dynasty in 1451.

In the famous Joseon era geography book, Donggukyeojiseungram (동국여지승람), it was recorded that the Gohyeon castle had a circumference of 3,038 Cheok (척)(equivalent to about 9.2km), and had a height of 13 Cheok(3.93m). It was considered the largest castle in the South Sea.[2]

Geoje Township Government Office[edit]

Geoje Government Office

The Geoje Township Government Office is regarded as Korea's 84th cultural treasure. During the time of the Japanese invasions, the office was established in 1470 to administer all military and shipbuilding plans.

Okpo Great Victory Park[edit]

Okpo Great Victory Park is located in Okpo2Dong within Geoje city. It commemorates the great victory over the invading Japanese navy by the honored general Lee Sunshin on May 7, 1592.[3]

Blue Horse (Poet) Museum[edit]

The Blue Horse (Cheongma, 청마)is a cultural exhibition and preserved birthplace museum of the celebrated poet "Blue Horse". It is located in Bangha village, Dundeokmyeon.

Museums[edit]

Geoje Themepark Museum

Haegeumgang Themepark Museum[edit]

Haegeumgang Themepark Museum (해금강테마박물관)is a museum of travel during the 1950's to the 1970's. It is located in Galgot village, Nambumyeon (거제시 남부면 갈곶리).

Geoje Shipbuilding Marine Cultural Center[edit]

The Geoje Shipbuilding Marine Cultural Center is an independently established combination of a Fishing Village Folk Museum and Shipbuilding Theme park museum located in Jisepo village, Ilunmyeon (지세포리, 일운면).

The Fishing Village Folk Museum covers two floors, including 4 exhibits: "The living sea/Traditions of the sea" and "Ocean experience/Renaissance of the sea".

Shipbuilding Theme park museum also covers two floors,including 5 exhibits: "Children's Shipbuilding yard/Dock 1" The history of sailing vessels/Dock 2 Shipbuilding technology/Dock 3 The future of the oceans/ Movie theatre

Geoje Museum[edit]

Haegumgang[edit]

Haegeumgang is named for resemblance of the famous Haegeum mountain in North Korea. It is one of the most famous tourist destinations in all of Geoje.[4]

Oedo and Naedo[edit]

Oedo Island (외도)

Oedo and Naedo are two islands located in the southeast of Geoje island and of the two, Oedo hosts the second most visited attraction in all of Geoje, the expansive botanical gardens of Botania.

Beaches[edit]

  • Gujora Beach 구조라 해수욕장
  • Myeongsa Beach 명사 해수욕장
  • Hakdong Pebble Beach학동 흑진주 몽돌해변
  • Yeocha Pebble Beach 여차몽돌 해수욕장
  • Heungnam Beach 흥남 해수욕장
  • Wahyeon Sand Forest와현 모래숲해변
  • Hwangpo Beach 황포 해수욕장
  • Guyeong Beach 구영 해수욕장
  • Hammok Beach 함목 해수욕장
  • Jukrim Beach 죽림 해수욕장
  • Deokpo Beach 덕포 해수욕장
  • Nongso Pebble Beach 농소몽돌 해수욕장
  • Mulan Beach 물안 해수욕장

Shipbuilding[edit]

Shipbuilding in Gohyeon 고현의 삼성조선소

There are various Shipbuilding docks which provide tours from the Daewoo and Samsung corporation located in both Gohyeon and Okpo.[5]

Geography[edit]

Geoje city covers an area of 401.63 square kilometres (155.07 sq mi), encompassing Geoje-do (383.44 square kilometres (148.05 sq mi)) and 60 other small islets, of which 10 are inhabited.[6] The main island is joined to land by two bridges from nearby Tongyeong.

Administrative Divisions[edit]

According to a 2014 study, Geoje's Korean population was 243,736, and the foreign national population was 12,240.[7] Although Kohyeon dong is the fifth smallest of the dongs(), it is the largest in population at 40,400. The cumulative area of Geoje is 402.3㎢, with Dongbumyeon (동부면) being the widest, and Majeondong (마전동) being the narrowest.

In 2008 Shinhyeob town 신현읍 was abolished, and in its place a new town is being installed.

The industrial area of Geoje has the highest man to women worker ratio in Gyeongsangnamdo.

Town·Township·Dong Hanja Area(㎢) Population[8] Map
Geojemyeon 거제면 巨濟面 37.30 7,114
Nambumyeon 남부면 南部面 31.87 1,945
Dongbumyeon 동부면 東部面 52.50 3,682
Dundeokmyeon 둔덕면 屯德面 33.78 3,693
Sadeungmyeon 사등면 沙等面 34.69 9,578
Yeonchomyeon 연초면 延草面 40.14 10,038
Ilunmyeon 일운면 一運面 30.50 7,468
Jangmokmyeon 장목면 長木面 36.89 5,410
Hacheongmyeon 하청면 河淸面 29.10 5,148
Gohyeondong 고현동 (Geoje city proper) 古縣洞 5.14 40,400
Sangmundong 상문동 上門洞 20.97 21,783
Suyangdong 수양동 水良洞 11.15 14,433
Jangpyeongdong 장평동 (Geoje City proper) 長坪洞 6.98 29,867
Neungpodong 능포동 菱浦洞 3.21 12,816
Majeondong 마전동 (Geoje City proper) 麻田洞 1.92 5,673
Ajudong 아주동 鵝州洞 12.45 13,557
옥포1동 玉浦1洞 2.26 10,560
옥포2동 玉浦2洞 8.61 30,250
Jangseungpodong 장승포동 長承浦洞 2.15 4,409

Climate[edit]

Geoje experiences a temperate climate, and temperatures reaching below zero degrees Celsius in winter are frequent during December to February. However, the island is kept relatively warm by the influence of warm ocean currents.

Climate data for Geoje (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
9.4
(48.9)
13.2
(55.8)
18.3
(64.9)
22.6
(72.7)
25.5
(77.9)
27.6
(81.7)
29.4
(84.9)
26.4
(79.5)
21.9
(71.4)
15.4
(59.7)
9.7
(49.5)
18.9
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
4.3
(39.7)
8.2
(46.8)
13.2
(55.8)
17.5
(63.5)
21.0
(69.8)
24.3
(75.7)
25.6
(78.1)
21.9
(71.4)
16.6
(61.9)
10.3
(50.5)
4.7
(40.5)
14.2
(57.6)
Average low °C (°F) −1.6
(29.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.2
(37.8)
8.1
(46.6)
12.7
(54.9)
17.0
(62.6)
21.6
(70.9)
22.4
(72.3)
18.1
(64.6)
12.0
(53.6)
5.6
(42.1)
0.3
(32.5)
9.9
(49.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41.0
(1.614)
59.9
(2.358)
113.8
(4.48)
177.0
(6.969)
235.1
(9.256)
269.9
(10.626)
426.4
(16.787)
335.6
(13.213)
200.7
(7.902)
63.6
(2.504)
54.7
(2.154)
29.7
(1.169)
2,007.3
(79.028)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.7 5.3 7.5 9.5 9.1 11.1 14.8 11.5 9.2 4.9 5.4 3.8 96.8
 % humidity 53.6 53.4 56.5 59.0 65.2 71.7 78.1 74.6 70.9 65.2 61.2 55.4 63.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 163.2 178.6 201.3 216.8 232.2 187.2 147.3 183.1 172.5 206.2 165.9 167.9 2,204.9
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[9]

Islands of Geoje city[edit]

  • Geoje (거제도, 巨濟島)
  • Oedo
  • Galgotdo (Haegeumgang)
  • Chilchendo
  • Jisimdo
  • Gajodo
  • Haegando
  • Sandaldo
  • Hawdo

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°51′N 128°35′E / 34.850°N 128.583°E / 34.850; 128.583