Georg Büchner Prize

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Georg Büchner Prize
Georg Büchner.png
Country Germany
Presented by Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung
Reward €50,000
First awarded 1923
Official website http://www.deutscheakademie.de

The Georg Büchner Prize (German: Georg-Büchner-Preis) is—along with the Goethe Prize—the most important literary prize for the German language. The award is named after Georg Büchner, author of Woyzeck. The Georg Büchner Prize is awarded annually for authors "writing in the German language who have notably emerged through their oeuvre as essential contributors to the shaping of contemporary German cultural life".[1] Similar prizes are the Miguel de Cervantes Prize for authors writing in the Spanish language, and the Camões Prize awarded to writers in the Portuguese language.

History[edit]

The Georg Büchner Prize was created in 1923 in memory of Georg Büchner and was only given to artists who came from or were closely tied to Büchner's home of Hesse. It was first awarded in 1923. Among the early recipients were mostly visual artists, poets, actors, and singers.[2]

In 1951, the prize changed to a general literary prize, awarded annually by the Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung. It goes to German language authors, and the annual speech by the recipient takes place in Darmstadt. Since 2002, the prize has been endowed with €50,000.

The Georg Büchner Prize and the Nobel Prize in Literature[edit]

Four winners of the Georg Büchner Prize, Günter Grass (1965), Heinrich Böll (1967), Elias Canetti (1972), and Elfriede Jelinek (1998) were awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in subsequent years. The Georg Büchner Prize is frequently seen as an indicator for potential future Nobel Prize winners writing in the German language. Most recently, however, the Swedish Academy in Stockholm preceded the German Academy for Language and Literature in awarding a prolific writer from the German sprachraum. Herta Müller received the Nobel Prize in Literature but has not yet been awarded the Georg Büchner Prize. Other writers who were omitted but received the Nobel Prize in Literature were Thomas Mann, Hermann Hesse, and Nelly Sachs.

Recipients of the literary prize, since 1951[edit]

Year Name Nationality Notes Ref(s)
1951 Gottfried Benn  West Germany
1952 not given
1953 Ernst Kreuder  West Germany
1954 Martin Kessel  West Germany
1955 Marie Luise Kaschnitz  Germany
1956 Karl Krolow  Germany
1957 Erich Kästner  Germany
1958 Max Frisch   Switzerland
1959 Günter Eich  Germany
1960 Paul Celan  Germany /  Romania
1961 Hans Erich Nossack  Germany
1962 Wolfgang Koeppen  Germany
1963 Hans Magnus Enzensberger  Germany
1964 Ingeborg Bachmann  Austria
1965 Günter Grass  Germany
1966 Wolfgang Hildesheimer  Germany
1967 Heinrich Böll  Germany
1968 Golo Mann  Germany
1969 Helmut Heißenbüttel  Germany
1970 Thomas Bernhard  Austria
1971 Uwe Johnson  Germany
1972 Elias Canetti  Bulgaria
1973 Peter Handke  Austria refunds the prize money in 1999
1974 Hermann Kesten  Germany
1975 Manès Sperber  Austria /  France
1976 Heinz Piontek  Germany
1977 Reiner Kunze  Germany
1978 Hermann Lenz  Germany
1979 Ernst Meister  Germany posthumous
1980 Christa Wolf  Germany
1981 Martin Walser  Germany
1982 Peter Weiss  Sweden posthumous
1983 Wolfdietrich Schnurre  Germany
1984 Ernst Jandl  Austria
1985 Heiner Müller  Germany
1986 Friedrich Dürrenmatt   Switzerland
1987 Erich Fried  Austria
1988 Albert Drach  Austria
1989 Botho Strauß  Germany
1990 Tankred Dorst  Germany
1991 Wolf Biermann  Germany
1992 George Tabori  Hungary
1993 Peter Rühmkorf  Germany
1994 Adolf Muschg   Switzerland
1995 Durs Grünbein  Germany
1996 Sarah Kirsch  Germany
1997 Hans Carl Artmann  Austria
1998 Elfriede Jelinek  Austria
1999 Arnold Stadler  Germany
2000 Volker Braun  Germany
2001 Friederike Mayröcker  Austria
2002 Wolfgang Hilbig  Germany
2003 Alexander Kluge  Germany
2004 Wilhelm Genazino  Germany
2005 Brigitte Kronauer  Germany
2006 Oskar Pastior  Germany /  Romania posthumous
2007 Martin Mosebach  Germany
2008 Josef Winkler  Austria
2009 Walter Kappacher  Austria
2010 Reinhard Jirgl  Germany
2011 Friedrich Christian Delius  Germany
2012 Felicitas Hoppe  Germany
2013 Sibylle Lewitscharoff (de)  Germany [3]
2014 Jürgen Becker (de)  Germany

Recipients 1923–1950[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Georg-Büchner-Preis". Translated from Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Georg-Büchner-Preis". Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "Sibylle Lewitscharoff wins 2013 Georg Büchner prize". Deutsche Welle. 4 June 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 

External links[edit]