Georg Elias Müller
|Georg Elias Müller|
|Born||20 July 1850
|Died||23 December 1934|
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (November 2009)|
Georg Elias Müller (20 July 1850 – 23 December 1934) was a significant early German experimental psychologist.
Born in Grimma, Saxony, he completed his doctorate in 1873 under the supervision of Hermann Lotze in Göttingen. He was also educated at the universities of Leipzig and Berlin. In 1870 he entered the German army as a volunteer, and took part in the Franco-Prussian War.
On returning to academic life he became Privatdozent at Göttingen (1876), and professor of philosophy at Czernowitz (1880). In April 1881 he succeeded to Lotze's Göttingen professorship and established one of the first few experimental psychology laboratories in the world (along with Wilhelm Wundt and Carl Stumpf). He was particularly prominent in reaction time research, as well as psychophysics and color theory. Muller studied a portion of the interference theory, retroactive interference
Muller also invented the memory drum; a device used for verbal learning research. Muller said if you were motivated to do something, you can learn it faster.
- Zur Theorie der sinnlichen Aufmerksamkeit (“On the theory of sensory awareness,” 1873)
- Zur Grundlegung der Psychophysik (“On foundations for psychophysics,” 1878)
- Zur Theorie der Muskelcontraction (“On the theory of muscle contractions,” 1891)
- Zur Analyse der Unterschiedsempfindlichkeit, with L. G. Martin (“On the analysis of difference perception,” 1899)
- Experimentelle Beiträge zur Lehre vom Gedächtnis, with Pilzeeker (“Experimental contributions to the science of memory,” 1900)
- Encyclopædia Britannica
- Lüer G (July 2007). "Georg Elias Müller (1850-1934): a founder of experimental memory research in psychology". Cortex 43 (5): 579–82. doi:10.1016/S0010-9452(08)70488-X. PMID 17715793.
- Lechner HA, Squire LR, Byrne JH (1999). "100 years of consolidation--remembering Müller and Pilzecker". Learning & Memory 6 (2): 77–87. doi:10.1101/lm.6.2.77 (inactive 2009-11-10). PMID 10327233.
- Dewar MT, Cowan N, Sala SD (July 2007). "Forgetting due to retroactive interference: a fusion of Müller and Pilzecker's (1900) early insights into everyday forgetting and recent research on anterograde amnesia". Cortex 43 (5): 616–34. doi:10.1016/S0010-9452(08)70492-1. PMC 2644330. PMID 17715797.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Müller, Georg Elias". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
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