Georg Jarno

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Georg Jarno (3 June 1868 in Buda – 25 May 1920 in Breslau) was a Hungarian composer, mainly of operettas.

Biography[edit]

After he finished his studies in Budapest, he worked as Theaterkapellmeister in Bremen, Gera, Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Metz, Liegnitz, Chemnitz and Magdeburg, and also as opera director in Bad Kissingen, before settling in Vienna as a freelance composer. Before 1903, Jarno's name was György Cohner. He is buried in the New Jewish Cemetery in Wrocław, Poland.

Career[edit]

Jarno's greates successes were Die Försterchristl (1907) and Das Musikantenmädel (1910). His operettas Das Farmermädchen and Jungfer Sonnenschein were well received, whereas Die Marine-Gustl, Mein Annerl, Der Goldfisch and Die Csikosbaroness could muster only passing interest. Much of the success of his works was due to the distinguished presentation of their title roles by his brother's (Joseph Jarno) wife, the highly popular actress and soubrette Hansi Niese.

He loved to introduce historically well known persons into his operettas; Kaiser Joseph II in Die Försterchristl, Prince Eugene of Savoy in Jungfer Sonnenschein, Joseph Haydn in Das Musikantenmädel.

Before operettas, he wrote three operas: Die schwarze Kaschka (1895), Der Richter von Zalamea (1899) based on Calderon's El alcalde de Zalamea, and Der zerbrochne Krug (1903) based on Heinrich von Kleist's play; none prevailed.

His main success, Die Försterchristl, had a run of 64 performances at Broadway's Herald Square Theatre in 1910/11 under the title The Girl and the Kaiser.[1]

Stage works[edit]

Title Libretto Premiere
Operas
Der schwarze Kaschka
Opera in 4 acts
Viktor Blüthgen 12 May 1895 Breslau
Der Richter von Zalamea
Opera in 4 acts
Viktor Blüthgen
based on Calderón
1899 Breslau
Der zerbrochene Krug
Comic opera in 3 acts
revised as Johanniszauber
Heinrich Lee
based on Kleist's The Broken Jug
1903

1911
Hamburg

Hamburg
Operettas
Der Goldfisch Richard Jäger 1907 Breslau
Die Försterchristl Bernhard Buchbinder (de) 17 December 1907 Vienna
Theater in der Josefstadt
Das Musikantenmädel Bernhard Buchbinder 12 February 1910 Vienna
Theater in der Josefstadt
Die Marine-Gustl Bernhard Buchbinder 1912 Vienna
Das Farmermädchen Georg Okonkowski 22 March 1913 Berlin
Mein Annerl Fritz Grünbaum/
Wilhelm Sterk
1916 Vienna
Jungfer Sonnenschein Bernhard Buchbinder 1918 Hamburg
Die Csikosbaroneß Fritz Grünbaum 1919 Hamburg

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Girl and the Kaiser – production credits". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 6 November 2007. 

External links[edit]

Georg Jarno at the Internet Movie Database