Georg von Bismarck
|Georg von Bismarck|
Georg von Bismarck (right)
15 February 1891|
|Died||31 August 1942
near El Alamein
|Buried at||Memorial Gardens at Tobruk|
|Allegiance|| German Empire (to 1918)
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
|Years of service||1910–1942|
|Commands held||Schützen-Regiment 7
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Georg von Bismarck (15 February 1891 – 31 August 1942) was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Bismarck joined the Hussar Regiment "Graf Goetzen" of the 2nd Silesian as a cadet in 1910. During World War I he initially served as a first lieutenant and later as adjutant on the front line of the western front until July 1916. He then was sent to the Carpathian, and later to Isonzo on the southern front. He finished the war serving again on the Western Front.
During the interwar years Bismarck served as an officer in the Reichswehr. In 1938 he was promoted to colonel and appointed commander of the Cavalry Rifle Regiment 7 in Gera.
At the outset of the Second World War Bismarck again served in frontline service. He took part in the Polish campaign in September 1939, and during the invasion of France in 1940 he commanded the 7th Schützen-Regiment (motorized infantry regiment) of Erwin Rommel's 7th Panzer Division during its dash to the channel.
In 1941 he was promoted to deputy brigade commander, and later to commander of the newly formed 20th Panzer Division. He led the division during Operation Barbarossa on the Eastern Front as a part of Army Group Centre.
In January 1942 he was transferred to Africa to serve in the Africa Korps as commander of the 21st Panzer Division. Here he again served under the command of his former divisional commander, Erwin Rommel. On 1 April 1942 he was promoted to Major General.
Awards and decorations
- Military Merit Order, 4th class with Swords (Bavaria)
- Knight's Cross of the Military Karl-Friedrich Merit Order (Baden)
- Military Merit Cross, 3rd class with War Decoration (Austria-Hungary)
- Iron Cross (1914)
- 2nd Class
- 1st Class
- Hanseatic Cross of Hamburg
- Knight's Cross of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords
- Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918
- Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class (20 September 1939)
- 1st Class (1 October 1939)
- Eastern Front Medal
- Panzer Badge
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 29 September 1940 as Oberst and commander of Schützen-Regiment 7
- Ärmelband Afrika
- Lewin p. 157
- Rommel p. 277
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 114.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Lewin, Ronald (1998) . Rommel As Military Commander. New York: B&N Books. ISBN 978-0-7607-0861-3.
- Rommel, Erwin (1982) . Liddell Hart, B. H., ed. The Rommel Papers. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80157-0.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Media related to Georg von Bismarck at Wikimedia Commons
- World War 2 Awards
- Lexikon der Wehrmacht
- Ritterkreuztraeger 1939-1945
Generalleutnant Horst Stumpff
|Acting commander of 20th Panzer Division
10 September 1941 – 13 October 1941
Generalmajor Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma
Generalmajor Karl Böttcher
|Commander of 21st Panzer Division
11 February 1942 – 21 July 1942
Oberst Alfred Bruer