Georg von der Marwitz

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Johannes Georg von der Marwitz
Born (1856-07-07)July 7, 1856
Stolp (Słupsk), Province of Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia
Died October 27, 1929(1929-10-27) (aged 73)
Wundichow, Weimar Republic
Allegiance German Empire German Empire
Service/branch Imperial Army
Years of service 1875–1918
Rank Inspector-General of Cavalry
General der Kavallerie
Commands held XXXVIII Reserve Corps
VI Corps
Second Army
Fifth Army
Battles/wars World War I
*Battle of Haelen
*Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes
*Battle of Cambrai
*Battle of Saint-Mihiel
Awards Pour le Mérite
Knight of Justice, Order of Saint John
Spouse(s) Helene von Kameke
Relations Hans-Georg von der Marwitz (son)

Johannes Georg von der Marwitz (7 July 1856 – 27 October 1929) was a Prussian cavalry general, who commanded several German armies during the First World War on both the Eastern and Western fronts.

Early military career[edit]

Marwitz was born in Stolp (Słupsk) in the Province of Pomerania and entered the Prussian Army in 1875. In 1881 he married Helene von Kameke, daughter of Prussian War Minister Georg von Kameke, with whom he had five children. From 1883 to 1886 he attended the Prussian Military Academy. Until 1900 he commanded a cavalry regiment, at which point he became chief of staff of XVIII Corps. Before the outbreak of the First World War he was the Inspector-General of Cavalry.

World War I[edit]

Marwitz (right) and the Kaiser on the way to visit troops near Cambrai in December 1917.

Marwitz was assigned to the Western Front in 1914 as commander of II Cavalry Corps, and participated in the Battle of Haelen. After this first battle Marwitz was transferred to the Eastern Front to take command of the newly formed XXXVIII Reserve Corps, which he led in the Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes in the early winter of 1915. He was then transferred south and fought with Austria-Hungary against the Russians, and was awarded the Pour le Mérite on 7 March 1915.

After recovering from an illness in the fall of 1915, Marwitz served on the Western Front as the commander of the VI Corps, before returning to the Eastern Front until the successful halting of the Russian Brusilov Offensive in June 1916. On 6 October 1916 he became adjutant to Kaiser Wilhelm II, a post which he left in December 1916 to take command of the Second Army on the Western Front. In November 1917 he defended against the British in the Battle of Cambrai, which saw the most extensive use of tanks to date, more than twice the previous number, as well as new combined arms tactics. In September 1918 he took command of the Fifth Army, which he held until the end of the war.

Postwar[edit]

After the war, Marwitz withdrew from public life. He died at Wundichow in 1929 in the age of 73.

Decorations and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

See also[edit]

Media related to Georg von der Marwitz at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
General der Artillerie Max von Gallwitz
Commander, 2nd Army
17 December 1916-22 September 1918
Succeeded by
General der Infanterie Adolph von Carlowitz
Preceded by
General der Artillerie Max von Gallwitz
Commander, 5th Army
27 September 1918–30 January 1919
Succeeded by
Dissolved