George, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg

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George, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
Spouse(s) Anna Amalia of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Amalia of Sayn-Wittgenstein
Noble family House of Nassau
Father John VI, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
Mother Elisabeth of Leuchtenberg
Born (1562-09-01)1 September 1562
Died 9 August 1623(1623-08-09) (aged 60)
Dillenburg

Count George of Nassau-Beilstein, later also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, (1 September 1562 – 9 August 1623 in Dillenburg) was the third son of Count John VI "the Elder" of Nassau-Dillenburg (1536-1606) from his first marriage with Elisabeth of Leuchtenberg,

In 1576, he studied at the University of Heidelberg. In 1578, he went to the Netherlands, to serve in the army, under Count of Günther XLI of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt. While in the Netherlands, he tried to be elected Bishop of Utrecht, but failed. From 1580, he attended the court of Margrave George Frederick of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach.

In 1604, he purchased his first territory, the district and city of Driedorf from his father. After his father died in 1606, George and his brothers decided to divide Nassau-Dillenburg. When this division was implemented in 1607, William Louis received Nassau-Dillenburg; John VII received Nassau-Siegen; Ernst Casimir received Nassau-Diez; John Louis received Nassau-Hadamar and George received Nassau-Beilstein, which included the Lordships of Westerwald, Burbach and Hickengrund. In 1611, he purchased the Nassau share of the district of Wehrheim, which Nassau shared with Trier, from his brother John VII.

Until 1612, George resided in Dillenburg, as regent for his absent brother William Louis, who was in Holland. After his brother returned, George moved into Beilstein Castle, in his own territory.

In 1618, George reached an agreement with his brother John VII, in which John ceded to George the right to inherit Dillenburg if William Louis were to die childless. This came to happen in 1620. So George moved back to Dillenburg and became the founder of the younger Nassau-Dillenburg line. Nassau-Beilstein was divided, with George keeping Burbach and Hickengrund.

He ruled his territory well; like his brothers he issued court regulations, administrative and law enforcement regulations.

George died in Dillenburg in 1623.

Marriage and issue[edit]

George married twice. His first wife was Anna Amalia of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1565-1605), the only child of Philip IV of Nassau-Weilburg. They had 15 children:

  1. John Philip (b. 1586)
  2. Johan George (b. 1587)
  3. unnamed son (b. 1588)
  4. John Philip (1590-1607)
  5. George (1591-1616)
  6. Maria Juliana (1592-1645), married Count George II of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (1565-1631), the half-brother of her stepmother
  7. Louise (1593-1614)
  8. Louis Henry (1594-1662), Count of Nassau-Dillenburg jointly with Albert from 1623 to 1626 and alone from 1626 until his death; raised to Prince in 1654
  9. Wolfgang Philip (b. 1595)
  10. Albert (1596-1626), ruled Nassau-Dillenburg jointly with Louis Henry from 1623 until his death in 1626
  11. Amalia (1597-1598)
  12. Elisabeth (1598-1599)
  13. Erica (1600-1657)
  14. Anna Elisabeth (1602-1651)
  15. Maurice Louis (1603-1604)

After her death, George married Amalia (1585-1633), the daughter of Count Louis I of Sayn-Wittgenstein. With her, he had one more daughter:

  1. Margaret (1606-1661), married Count Otto of Lippe-Brake (1589-1657), a son of Simon VI of Lippe (1554-1613)

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.
George, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
Born: 1 September 1562 Died: 9 August 1623
Preceded by
John VI
Lord of Driedorf
1604-1607
Succeeded by
himself
as Count of Nassau-Beilstein
Count of Nassau-Beilstein
1607-1620
Nassau-Beilstein divided
Preceded by
William Louis
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
1620-1623
Succeeded by
Louis Henry and Albert