George Abbot (author)

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For other people of the same name, see George Abbot (disambiguation).
For his contemporary with a similar name who also sat in the Short Parliament but for the constituency of Guildford, see George Abbotts.

George Abbot (ca. 1603? – 2 February 1648) was an English writer, known as "The Puritan" and a politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1640 and 1648.[1]

Life[edit]

Abbot was son or grandson (it is not clear which) of Sir Thomas Abbot of Easington, East Yorkshire and his mother (or grandmother) was of the ancient house of Pickering.[1] He matriculated from King's College, Cambridge in 1622.[2] In April 1640, he was elected Member of Parliament for Tamworth in the Short Parliament.[3] In the English civil war, he made a notable defence of the house at Caldecote, Warwickshire, which he had acquired through marriage. On 15 August 1642, with eight men, his mother and maids, he held out against Princes Rupert and Maurice with 18 troops of horses and dragoons.[4] He was re-elected MP for Tamworth in 1645 for the Long Parliament and held the seat until his death in 1648.[5]

Works[edit]

Abbot was a lay theologian and scholar of critical ability. His Whole Booke of Job Paraphrased, or made easy for any to understand (1640, quarto), was written in a terse style which contrasts with the usual wordiness of the Puritan expositors and commentators. His Vindiciae Sabbathi (1641, octavo) had a profound and lasting influence in the long Sabbatarian controversy. His Brief Notes upon the Whole Book of Psalms (1651, quarto) was published posthumously.[1]

Abbot died in his 44th year and was buried in Charlecote church where his monument describes his defence of Charlecote.[4]

Family[edit]

Abbot married a daughter of Colonel Purefoy of Caldecote, and as his monument, which may still be seen in the church there, tells, he bravely held the manor house against Princes Rupert and Maurice during the civil war.[1]

Mistaken identifications[edit]

Abbot has been confused with others of the same name and has been described as a clergyman, which he never was. His writings have been incorrectly attributed in the bibliographical authorities to a relation of George Abbot the archbishop of Canterbury. One of the sons of Sir Morris Abbot called George was also an MP in the Short Parliament but for the constituency of Guildford.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 23.
  2. ^ "Abbotts or Abbot, George (ABTS622G)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ Willis 1750, p. 229, 236.
  4. ^ a b Nichols 1782, p. 236
  5. ^ Willis 1750, pp. 240, 249.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Tamworth
1640
Succeeded by
Ferdinando Stanhopeafter2= Henry Wilmot
Preceded by
Ferdinando Stanhopebefore2= Henry Wilmot
Member of Parliament for Tamworth
1645–1648
Succeeded by
Not represented in Rump Parliament