George Alexander Forsyth
|George Alexander Forsyth|
Brevet Brig. Gen. George A. Forsyth
November 7, 1837|
|Died||September 12, 1915
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Service/branch||U.S. Regular Army;
|Years of service||1861–1890|
|Rank||Brevet Brigadier General|
|Unit||8th Illinois Cavalry
9th U.S. Cavalry
4th U.S. Cavalry
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
American Indian Wars
Forsyth enlisted April 19, 1861 as a private in Barker's Company, Chicago Volunteer Dragoons (a 3-month regiment) and mustered out August 18, 1861.
He received a commission as a first lieutenant in the 8th Illinois Cavalry on September 18, 1861, followed by promotions to captain on February 12, 1862, and major on September 1, 1863. He saw action in all major campaigns fought by the Army of the Potomac. He also fought in many cavalry actions in the Shenandoah Valley, where he served as aide-de-camp Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan and received a brevet promotion to colonel on October 19, 1864, for his service at Third Winchester and Cedar Creek. He was appointed a brevet brigadier general of volunteers on March 13, 1865, part of a widespread ceremonial promotion of officers at the end of the war.
After the Civil War ended, he received a commission in the regular army as a major in the 9th U.S. Cavalry on July 28, 1866 with brevets on March 2, 1867 to lieutenant colonel for gallantry during the Civil War at the Battle of Dinwiddie Court House and to colonel for the Battle of Five Forks.
In 1868 Forsyth raised a band of fifty frontiersmen to serve as scouts into Indian Territory. He led this group to victory at the Battle of Beecher Island against Roman Nose. For this action, he received a brevet promotion to brigadier general effective September 18, 1868. Between 1869 and 1873 he served as military secretary to Lt. Gen. Sheridan, and between 1878 and 1881 as Sheridan's aide-de-camp. In his permanent rank, he received a promotion to lieutenant colonel of the 4th U.S. Cavalry on June 26, 1881.
Forsyth retired from the Army in March 1890 and was promoted to colonel on the Retired List in April 1904. He died at Rockport, Massachusetts, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. He was the author of the 1900 work Thrilling Days in Army Life.
- Eicher, p. 240.
- Dixon, pp. 164–5
- Arlington National Cemetery
- Dixon, David (1997). Hero of Beecher Island. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-6605-6.
- Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.