George B. Crittenden

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George Bibb Crittenden
A man in his early forties with short black hair and a mustache. He is wearing a black military coat with two rows of buttons down the front and various military insignia on the collar
Born (1812-03-20)March 20, 1812
Russellville, Kentucky
Died November 27, 1880(1880-11-27) (aged 68)
Danville, Kentucky
Place of burial the State Cemetery, Frankfort, Kentucky
Allegiance  United States of America
 Republic of Texas
 Confederate States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
 Texas Army
 Confederate States Army
Years of service 1832–1833; 1846–1861 (USA)
1842–1843 (Texas)
1861–1865 (CSA)
Rank Union army lt col rank insignia.jpg Lieutenant Colonel (USA)
Confederate States of America General-collar.svg Major General (CSA)
Commands held 2nd Division of the Army of Central Kentucky
Battles/wars

Black Hawk War
Mexican-American War

American Civil War

Other work State Librarian of Kentucky

George Bibb Crittenden (March 20, 1812 – November 27, 1880) was a career United States Army officer who served in the Black Hawk War, the Army of the Republic of Texas, and the Mexican-American War, and was a general in the Confederate States Army in the American Civil War.

Early life[edit]

Crittenden was born in Russellville, Kentucky, his father being the U.S. politician John J. Crittenden. His brother, Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, and cousin, Thomas Turpin Crittenden, were both future generals for the Union Army. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1832 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 4th U.S. Infantry. He fought in the Black Hawk War of 1832 and resigned his commission the following year. He attended Transylvania University and became a lawyer. He moved to the Republic of Texas in 1842 and joined the Army of the Republic of Texas. During the Mier Expedition of 1843, he was captured by the Mexican army and exchanged. He rejoined the U.S. Army in 1846 and fought with the Regiment of Mounted Rifles in the Mexican-American War. He was given a brevet promotion to major for gallantry at Contreras and Churubusco in 1847 and a permanent promotion to major in the regular army in 1848. However, on August 19, 1848, he was cashiered from the Army, to be restored in March 1849. He eventually reached the permanent rank of lieutenant colonel in 1856.

Civil War[edit]

Just before the start of the Civil War, Crittenden accepted a commission as colonel, in the Confederate States Army infantry on March 16, 1861, although he would not resign his U.S. Army commission until June 10. He was promoted to brigadier general on August 15, 1861, and served briefly as a brigade commander in the Confederate Army of the Potomac in Virginia. He was promoted to major general on November 9, 1861, and commanded the District of East Tennessee. On January 18, 1862, he and Confederate Brig. Gen. Felix Zollicoffer were defeated by Union Brigadier General George H. Thomas at the Battle of Mill Springs,[1] the first important Confederate defeat in the war, breaking the Southern hold on eastern Kentucky.

He briefly commanded the 2nd Division of the Army of Central Kentucky in 1862, but was relieved on March 31. He was arrested the next day on charges of drunkenness by the order of Maj. Gen. William J. Hardee and restored on April 18. General Braxton Bragg ordered a court of inquiry in July and Crittenden resigned as a general officer, reverting to colonel in October 1862.

Postbellum career[edit]

He served as the state librarian of Kentucky from 1867 to 1871. He died in Danville, Kentucky, and is buried in the State Cemetery, Frankfort, Kentucky.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Warner, p. 66.

References[edit]

External links[edit]