George Bishop's Observatory

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Bishop's observatory in 1850.

George Bishop's Observatory was an astronomical observatory erected in 1836 by the astronomer George Bishop near his residence at the South Villa of Regent's Park, London. It was equipped with a 7-inch (180 mm) Dollond refractor. It is assigned number 969 in the International Astronomical Union's list of observatories.

The Reverend William Rutter Dawes conducted his noted investigations of double stars at the observatory from 1839 to 1844; John Russell Hind began his career there in October of the following year. From the time that Karl Ludwig Hencke's detection of Astræa, 8 Dec. 1845, showed a prospect of success in the search for new planets, the resources of Bishop's observatory were turned in that direction, and with conspicuous results. Between 1847 and 1854 Hind discovered ten small planets at the observatory, and Albert Marth one. Other notable astronomers to use the observatory included Eduard Vogel, Charles George Talmage, and Norman Robert Pogson.

The observatory closed when Bishop died in 1861, and in 1863 the instruments and dome were moved to the residence of George Bishop, junior, at Meadowbank, Twickenham, where a new observatory was constructed to follow the same system of work. Twickenham Observatory closed in 1877 and the instruments were given to the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte in Italy.[citation needed] Regent's College London now stands on the site of the observatory.

Minor planets discovered[edit]

Main article: List of minor planets

The following minor planets were discovered at George Bishop's Observatory:

Name Discovery date Discoverer
7 Iris 13 August 1847 John Russell Hind
8 Flora 18 October 1847 John Russell Hind
12 Victoria 13 September 1850 John Russell Hind
14 Irene 19 May 1851 John Russell Hind
18 Melpomene 24 June 1852 John Russell Hind
19 Fortuna 22 August 1852 John Russell Hind
22 Kalliope 16 November 1852 John Russell Hind
23 Thalia 15 December 1852 John Russell Hind
27 Euterpe 8 November 1853 John Russell Hind
29 Amphitrite 1 March 1854 Albert Marth
30 Urania 22 July 1854 John Russell Hind

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainClerke, Agnes Mary (1885–1900). "Bishop, George". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co.