George Boscawen (1712–1775)

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For other people of the same name, see George Boscawen.

Lieutenant-General George Boscawen (1 December 1712 – 3 May 1775) was a British Army officer and politician, the fourth son of Hugh Boscawen, 1st Viscount Falmouth.

Believed to have been educated at Eton College, he was commissioned as an Ensign in the First Foot Guards in 1728, and promoted to Captain in 1738.[1] He saw active service during the War of the Austrian Succession, distinguishing himself at the battles of Fontenoy and Dettingen.[2]

On 3 February 1743, he was married to Ann Trevor, the daughter of John Morley Trevor. The couple would go on to have two sons and two daughters.[1] Shortly after his marriage, on 22 February,[3] he was elected as Member of Parliament for Penryn, following the decision of Edward Vernon (who had been simultaneously elected for three different constituencies) to take up his seat at Ipswich.[4] He was promoted to the rank of Colonel on 18 August 1749, and appointed as Aide-de-camp to King George II on 14 October the same year.[2] In 1750 he was made Lieutenant-Governor of the Scilly Isles, a post he would occupy until his death.[1]

On 4 March 1752 he was named colonel of the 29th Regiment of Foot and led that regiment during a lenghy posting to Ireland.[5] He was promoted to the rank of Major general on 14 January 1758, and to Lieutenant general on 22 February 1760. On 16 January 1761, he was transferred to become colonel of the 23rd Regiment of Foot.[2]

In the general election of 1761, he stood down at Penryn and was elected, on 1 April 1761,[6] to represent Truro instead. This constituency was controlled by his brother, Lord Falmouth, and generally returned members of the Boscawen family.[7] Boscawen would sit for Truro until the election of 1774, when he would leave parliament to be replaced by his son George. During his 31-year parliamentary career, he only once voted against the government of the day - voting against the Cider Act in 1764 - and waited until 1770 to make his only recorded contribution to a debate.[8]

George Boscawen died in York Street, St James's, London on 3 May 1775.[2]

References[edit]


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Evelyn
Edward Vernon
Member of Parliament for Penrhyn
1743 – 1761
With: John Evelyn 1743–1747
Henry Seymour Conway 1747-1754
Richard Edgcumbe 1754-1758
John Plumptre 1758-1761
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Turner
George Brydges Rodney
Preceded by
Edward Boscawen
John Boscawen
Member of Parliament for Truro
17611774
With: John Boscawen 1761–1767
Edward Hugh Boscawen 1767-1774
Succeeded by
George Boscawen
Bamber Gascoyne