George Brinton McClellan Harvey
February 16, 1864|
|Died||August 20, 1928(aged 64)|
|Title||United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom|
|Predecessor||John W. Davis|
|Successor||Frank B. Kellogg|
George Brinton McClellan Harvey (February 16, 1864 - August 20, 1928) was an American diplomat, journalist, author, administrator for electric rail construction and owner and editor of several newspapers, all positions that brought him great wealth.
Born in Peacham, Vermont, he was educated at Peacham Academy. At the age of 18, he became a reporter on the Springfield (Massachusetts) Republican and later on the New York World. He was appointed by Governor Green of New Jersey as aide-de-camp on his staff, and was reappointed by Governor Abbett. The latter also made him insurance commissioner of New Jersey in 1890. During 1891-4, he was managing editor of the New York World.
Then for several years he was engaged in the construction of electric railways and in 1898 organized a syndicate which acquired the lines in Havana, Cuba. Having accumulated a great fortune, he purchased the North American Review in 1899. In 1901 he also purchased Harper's Weekly, which he edited until 1913. He was president of Harper and Company until 1915. In 1903, Harvey purchased the Metropolitan Magazine. He was said to have been the first to suggest (in 1906) Woodrow Wilson, then president of Princeton University, as a presidential possibility. In the campaign of 1912 he gave Wilson strong support; but after the latter's nomination an estrangement developed, due, as it was generally understood, to the fact that Wilson intimated that his cause was being jeopardized by Harvey's officiousness. In 1916 Harvey urged the election of Charles E. Hughes, the Republican candidate for president.
Despite retiring from Harper's Weekly as editor in 1913, he returned in 1918 to use it as a medium for attacking the policies of United States President Woodrow Wilson, despite the two having previously been friends. In 1918, he established The North American Review's War Weekly, later called Harvey's Weekly, which bitterly denounced the Wilson administration. Following the election of Warren G. Harding on March 4, 1921, Harvey became the United States ambassador to Great Britain from 1921 until 1923.
From 1906 until 1908, he promoted Esperanto in the North American Review. In 1908 and 1909 he was president of Esperanto-Asocio de Norda Ameriko (Esperanto Association of North America). He was strongly opposed to the League of Nations on the ground that it involved the yielding of national sovereignty.
Harvey also published a number of works during his life, most notably Women in 1908 and Henry Clay Frick, the Man, a fictional story of an industrialist, art collector, and benefactor, in 1928. He died on August 20 of that year, in Dublin, New Hampshire. Harvey was buried in Peacham Village Cemetery.
- List of people on the cover of Time Magazine: 1920s - 25 Oct. 1926
- The Columbia Encyclopaedia, Sixth Edition 2006 Highbeam Encyclopedia retrieved on April 4, 2007
- "Harvey, George". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). 1922.
- The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 Harvey, George Brinton McClellan retrieved on April 4, 2007
- The Political Graveyard retrieved on April 4, 2007
- Enciklopedio de Esperanto, 1934. (available on the web)
- (21 August 1928) Col. George Harvey Dies In Dublin, N.H., The New York Times, Retrieved November 4, 2010