George Bush Center for Intelligence
|George Bush Center for Intelligence|
|Langley, Fairfax County, Virginia, U.S.|
|The entrance to the CIA New Headquarters Building (NHB) of the George Bush Center for Intelligence|
|Type||Office building, headquarters|
|Owner||United States federal government|
|Controlled by||Director of the Central Intelligence Agency|
|Built||November 3, 1959 – March 1961|
|Height||Six stories above ground|
|Occupants||Central Intelligence Agency|
The headquarters is a conglomeration of the Original Headquarters Building (OHB) and the New Headquarters Building (NHB) that sits on a total of 258 acres (1.04 km2) of land.
Prior to its current name, the CIA headquarters was formally unnamed. On April 26, 1999, the complex was officially named in the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 for George H. W. Bush, who had served as the Director of Central Intelligence for 357 days, between January 30, 1976 and January 20, 1977, and had served as the 41st President of the United States.
The Original Headquarters Building was designed by the New York firm Harrison & Abramovitz in the 1950s and contains 1,400,000 square feet (130,000 m2) of space. The ground was broken for construction on November 3, 1959, with President Dwight Eisenhower laying the cornerstone, and the building was completed in March 1961.
The New Headquarters Building, designed by Smith, Hinchman and Grylls Associates, was completed in March 1991 after the ground was broken for construction on May 24, 1984. It is a complex that adjoins two six-story office towers and is fully connected to the OHB.
Location and facilities
The Center is located at 1000 Colonial Farm Road, McLean, Virginia and can be accessed via George Washington Memorial Parkway. However, due to a need for secrecy, the complex may only be accessed by those with authorization (e.g., appropriate credentials) or by appointment; only authorized vehicles may access the private road leading to the complex from George Washington Memorial Parkway.
The location of the building in Langley, Virginia has arisen to the name "Langley" being used as a colloquial metonym for the CIA headquarters, despite the presence of other non-CIA-related government buildings in the community of Langley, such as the Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center. This is similar to how "Foggy Bottom" is colloquially used to identify the headquarters of the United States Department of State, despite the name also being used to refer to the neighborhood of D.C. in which the building is located.
The CIA Museum (also known as the National History Collection or National Intelligence Council (NIC) Collection) is located within the Center. The museum holds declassified items such as artifacts associated with the CIA, the Office of Strategic Services and foreign intelligence organizations, including historical spy gadgets and weapons, and photographs. As it is located within the CIA compound, it is not accessible by the general public. An Enigma machine and Osama bin Laden's AKMS are held in the museum.
- "Headquarters Virtual Tour". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "George H.W. Bush Center for Central Intelligence". House of Representatives: Congressional Record. 3 August 1998.
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- "George Bush Centre for Intelligence". Central Intelligence Agency. 5 April 2007.
- "Three Things About the CIA's Langley Headquarters". Ghosts of DC. 2 October 2013.
- "Maps and Directions to the Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center". U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.
- John Hamilton. (2007.) The CIA: Defending the Nation, ABDO.
- Alex Carmine. (2009.) Dan Brown's The Lost Symbol: The Ultimate Unauthorized and Independent Reading Guide, Punked Books, p. 37. ISBN 9781908375018.
- Joel Mowbray. (2003.) Dangerous Diplomacy: How the State Department Threatens America's Security, Regnery Publishing, p. 11. ISBN 9780895261106.
- "CIA Museum — About CIA". Central Intelligence Agency.
- Martin, Eric; Grundhauser, Dylan; Richter, Darmon. "CIA Museum". Atlas Obscura.
- "CIA Museum — Library". Central Intelligence Agency.
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