|Sir George Callaghan|
Sir George Callaghan
|Born||December 21, 1852|
|Died||November 23, 1920|
|Years of service||1865 - 1918|
|Rank||Admiral of the Fleet|
|Commands held||HMS Endymion
World War I
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour (France)
Callaghan entered the British Royal Navy as a cadet in 1865. In 1900, under Sir Edward Seymour, he was in command of HMS Endymion and entered Peking as part of the British response to the Boxer Rebellion. He was mentioned in despatches and consequently was awarded the CB in November 1900.
In 1911, he was named Commander-in-Chief of the Home Fleet, and his term in this command was announced to be extended to December 1914. However, on the outbreak of World War I some months before that, when Callaghan was at sea on his flagship, the battleship HMS Iron Duke, his successor-designate Sir John Jellicoe received orders to immediately relieve the aging Callaghan of command of the fleet. Jellicoe objected to the order, believing it would cause tension in the fleet. Jellicoe's protests were brushed aside by the senior officials at the Admiralty, however, and he succeeded Callaghan in August 1914. Callaghan, meanwhile, was transferred to the more defensive station of Commander-in-Chief, The Nore and served until 1918, by which time he had been promoted to the Navy's highest rank, Admiral of the Fleet.
His father's family had owned land near Cork city in Ireland that was being sold about the time of his birth there. In the 1870s his father Frederick Marcus Callaghan, J.P., still owned over 5,000 acres in County Cork and lived there and in Bath. His grandfather Daniel had been an MP for Cork city in the 1830s-40s. He married Edith Saumarez in 1876, daughter of the Rev. Frederick Grosvenor, rector of Dunkerton.
- Service and honours details on www.admirals.org.uk
- "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Tuesday, 24 December 1901. (36646), p. 8.
- Walford, E., The county families of the United Kingdom vol. 59 (1919) page 59
- Estate: Callaghan
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