George Campbell of Inverneill

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General George Campbell, C.B., K.A
Major General George Campbell of Inverneill.JPG
Born 1803
East Indies
Died 25 April 1882
No. 1, Byng Place, Gordon Square, London, WC1
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1823–1874
Rank General
Commands held Royal Artillery
I Brigade, Royal Horse Artillery
7th (Meerut) Division
Army Group Royal Artillery
3rd (Lahore) Division
Artillery Division Cawnpore
Battles/wars Mutiny at Banares
First Anglo-Burmese War
First Anglo-Sikh War
Punjab campaign of 1848–49
Battle of Mudki
Siege of Cawnpore
Gwalior Campaign
Battle of Sobraon
Battle of Ferozeshah
Awards Punjab Medal
Indian Mutiny Medal
India General Service Medal
Gwalior Star
Sutlej Medal
Bronze Star
Order of the Bath
Relations Major-General Sir Archibald Campbell KB
General George Carter-Campbell
Colonel Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil

General George Campbell of Inverneill, C.B., K.A (1803–1882) was Commandant of the Royal Artillery and served in the East India Company.

Biography[edit]

George Campbell was born in 1803, the first son of Duncan Campbell of Inverneill B.C.S. and his wife, Elizabeth Cooper.[1] He was a grandson of James Campbell (1706–1760) 3rd of Tuerechan (8th Chief of Tearlach, descended from Clan Campbell of Craignish) and nephew of Major-General Sir Archibald Campbell KB, father-in-law to Colonel Thomas Tupper Carter-Campbell of Possil and grandfather to General George Tupper Campbell Carter-Campbell CB, DSO. He had a son and two daughters with his wife Susan "Black Beauty" Campbell of Possil (daughter of Col. Alexander Campbell of Possil).[2]

Military career[edit]

He joined the Royal Horse Artillery of the Bengal Army in 1822 (one of the three presidencies of the British Raj) and first served in the First Anglo-Burmese War of 1824–1826 including the Battle of Donabew (March–April 1825) against the forces of General Maha Bandula.[3]

In 1840 he was appointed Chief of Staff to the Lieutenant-Governor of the North-Western Provinces, Lord Auckland. Three years later he fought in the Gwalior Campaign against the Marathan forces in 1843 for which he was presented with the Gwalior Star. At the Battle of Punniar he was awarded the bronze star and the rank of Brevet Major for his efforts in driving the 12,000 Marathan troops from the high ground near Mangore.[4]

Campbell was posted to serve in the First Anglo-Sikh War (The Sutlej Campaign) of 1845–46 and achieved rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He fought in the battles of Moodkee, Sobraon and Ferozeshah and was subsequently awarded the Sutlej Medal. Two years later, the Second Anglo-Sikh War out-broke and Campbell was placed in command of the artillery division "Lahore" where we was awarded the Punjab Medal.[4]

In 1853 Campbell had been put in charge of the Artillery Divisions ""Agra", "Meerut" and Cawnpore and in 1854 was made commander of I Brigade, Royal Horse Artillery. In 1856, he was promoted to brigadier general and stationed at Rawal Pindee. The following year, the Indian Mutiny commenced which Campbell served through including the Siege of Cawnpore and was presented with the Indian Mutiny Medal. In the second year of the mutiny Campbell was promoted to Major-General and commanded the forces at Banares.[5]

Amongst the East India Company, Campbell was known to be an outstanding sportsman and a highly skilled horseman whose overly adventurous nature could become trying to members of his divisional staff. While at Banares, he killed his hundredth tiger.[4]

Post Active Service[edit]

After 1863, Campbell retired from active service (though remained serving the East India Company) and was awarded the Distinguished Service Pension in 1865. Two years later he was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath and in 1868 was promoted to Lieutenant-General.[4]

He returned to England in 1871 and three years later was given full rank of General and made commander of the Royal Artillery.[3]

On 25 April 1882, at the age of 78, Campbell died at his house No. 1, Byng Place, Gordon Square, London.[4] He is buried at the mausoleum on the grounds of Inverneill House with his brother Maj-General Archibald Lorne Campbell who died a year later.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Campbell (3d bart.), Sir Duncan Alexander Dundas (1925). Records of Clan Campbell in the Military Service of the Honourable East India Company, 1600–1858. page xliv (Longmans, Green & Company). 
  2. ^ "Clan Macfarlane and associated clans genealogy". Stirnet Genealogy, Peter Barns-Graham, Campbell14. 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Campbell (3d bart.), Sir Duncan Alexander Dundas (1925). Records of Clan Campbell in the Military Service of the Honourable East India Company, 1600–1858. page lxxvi (Longmans, Green & Company). 
  4. ^ a b c d e Carnac, S. Rivett (2010). The Presidential Armies of India. page 335 (Lancer Publishers). 
  5. ^ Beatson Laurie, William Ferguson (1999). Distinguished Anglo-Indians. page 191 (Asian Educational Services). 
  6. ^ Inverneill, Mausoleum. Item SC 558857. 2014.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)