George Carroll (judge)

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Judge George D. Carroll

George Carroll (born 1923) is retired but was an important civic figure of Contra Costa County, California and the city of Richmond.[1] Carroll is noted for breaking many racial barriers and achieving unprecedented positions in his time.[1]


He was born in 1923 in Brooklyn, New York.[1] Later he served in the United States Military during World War II and subsequently attended college and law school by use of the G.I. Bill.[1] He relocated to Contra Costa County in 1954.[1] He was the first black lawyer in Richmond.[1] In 1961 Carroll became the first African American elected to the city council (1961-1964[2]) and later became the first black mayor of Richmond (1964-1965[2]) or any large American city.[1] Afterwards George Carroll became the first black judge in Contra Costa when he was appointed to the Bay Municipal Court by Governor Edmund G. ("Pat") Brown in 1965.[1][2] The Richmond Courthouse and a park in the Pt. Richmond District are named in his honor.[1][3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Richmond courthouse named for retired judge George Carroll, Bay City News Service, 24-02-2009, access date 25-02-2009
  2. ^ a b c Richmond's Black History Corner, city of Richmond website, access date 25-02-2009
  3. ^ Parks and park facilities, city of Richmond website, access date 25-02-2009

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