George Carroll (judge)

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Judge George D. Carroll

George Carroll (born January 6, 1923[1]) is an American lawyer who was an important civic figure in Contra Costa County, California and the city of Richmond.[2] Carroll is noted for breaking many racial barriers and achieving unprecedented positions in his time.[2]


He was born in 1923 in Brooklyn, New York.[2] Later he served in the United States Military during World War II and subsequently attended college and law school by use of the G.I. Bill.[2] He relocated to Contra Costa County in 1954.[2] He was the first black lawyer in Richmond.[2] In 1961 Carroll became the first African American elected to the city council (1961-1964[3]) and later became the first black mayor of Richmond (1964-1965[3]) or any large American city.[2] Afterwards George Carroll became the first black judge in Contra Costa when he was appointed to the Bay Municipal Court by Governor Edmund G. ("Pat") Brown in 1965.[2][3] The Richmond Courthouse and a park in the Pt. Richmond District are named in his honor.[2][4]


  1. ^ "Richmond Courthouse renamed for Judge Carroll". George Miller Website. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Richmond courthouse named for retired judge George Carroll, Bay City News Service, 24-02-2009, access date 25-02-2009
  3. ^ a b c Richmond's Black History Corner, city of Richmond website, access date 25-02-2009
  4. ^ Parks and park facilities, city of Richmond website, access date 25-02-2009

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